How to Plaster Ceiling - Step-by-step instruction - Building Blog

What do not say, but in what condition the ceiling will notice any person who entered the room. This is not necessarily, but the perfect or terrible ceiling immediately rushes to the eye.

If the ceilings are as smooth as possible, it gives the room a neat and presentable look, and a focused look at them is not required. So that the ceilings were smooth and beautiful, the most important stage of achieving this, as well as the guidance of beauty and comfort in the house it is impossible to imagine without plastering. With their competent execution, you can not return to the repair of the ceiling for several years.

Careful preparation of the surface of the ceiling

In order for the solution reliably and high qualityly with the base, careful surface preparation is necessary. Initially, the old ceiling coating is removed up to concrete. The base should be a concrete ceiling, which after preparatory work remains perfectly clean.

Is it necessary to wash off the ceiling, or not

It is not recommended, and it is even forbidden to wash off whitewings and putty. When they wash them on the surface, it is difficult to remove the white dirt, on which even the primer holds badly, and it does not lie at all.

You can rinse the ceilings only when you are planned to carry out a lightweight cosmetic repair: if you decide to simply fill it and apply it, without overlapping thick layers of finishing material. Otherwise, the plaster only wipes and pulls the remnants of putty. Thus, the plaster is moving away from the base and swells.

The soil layer provides adhesion

After performing complete cleaning of the ceiling, proceed to the process of priming. As part of the primer "Boneless" there are special grains that form fully dried, a rough surface, which has a very positive effect on the subsequent grip of the base with the plaster.

Protecting the surface of the ceiling, work must be suspended for a while until the ceiling is dry. Therefore, you can continue to prepare only the next day.

During work, do not try to strongly break the windows and arrange drafts, because all the processes must go as much as possible.

How to install beacons on the ceiling

Next steps are performed in the following sequence:

Holes drill in the ceiling, for which the perforator is used. The holes are located in the center and along the edges of the ceiling surface. Screwing the screws is carried out in terms of the rule level, the length of which affects the distance left between the holes.

The drilling of the first hole starts at a distance of about 30 cm from the wall, and the following holes are drilled, adhering to the distance that is slightly less than the length of the rule.

Using a two-meter fitting in standard rooms, only three holes are drilled, among which one is located in the center, and two in opposite walls.

Then the dowels are clogged into all holes and screws are tightened, and each position is checked using a level. The verification is carried out in three parameters, among which - length, width and diagonal.

The next point form paths between beacons using a solution for this.

To form tracks, the same plaster is used that will be used to be used to shock the ceiling.

Thanks to the walkway from the plaster, the screws of the screws will be hidden.

Then the perforated strip of the beacon profile is taken and applied to the track. Then, using the rule, the beacon profile is pressed into the solution until it stops in the self-tapping screw. This procedure is repeated similar to each element.

Lighthouses thus obtained need to be well deceived with a solution. Most thoroughly need to fill the emptiness under the rail.

After performing this work, go rest over the time required in order for the solution "grab".

If you believe some sources, after the lighthouses were installed, it is necessary to finish construction work per day, and even more than a day - the absolute polymerization of the plastering solution can be achieved.

This action is really justified - thanks to it, the risks on displacement or damage to the beacons are reduced.

However, there is another side of this issue. In this case, in places of joints of the fresh and frozen layer of putty, the grip will be insufficient, which adversely affects the strength of the entire ceiling area. The most reasonable solution in this case is the work of plastering on relatively not frozen beacons, but compliance with maximum caution.

Step-by-step plaster ceiling

The use of the reinforced grid depends on what the thickness of the layer of plaster.

What is used for the reinforced grid, and whether it is necessary to use it

If the layer has a thickness of 10-15 mm, then the grid is not necessary. It can be limited to its sizing in places where there are interloccut seams (rusts).

With the thickness of the plastering layer greater than 20-25 mm, it is not necessary to rely in case - use the reinforced grid.

How to make a mixture

According to experts who in this issue were unanimous, the most rational option in solving such a difficult case, as an independent ceiling plaster, is the use of gypsum mixture. How to properly prepare the necessary solution, you can learn from an example on the preparation of rotband gypsum mixture from Knauf:

  1. Plastic container is filled with clean water.
  2. Using the spatula, 1 kg of a dry mixture is added to the water, after which the solution is thoroughly mixed.
  3. Next gradually adds the remaining mixture.
  4. Using a drill with a nozzle, a solution is carefully mixed.
  5. It is necessary to make sure that it turned out a homogeneous product.
  6. The resulting solution is left for 5 minutes and stirred again.

We go to the finish line - correctly plastering the ceiling

Application of the resulting solution must be performed using a metal spatula or grater for this, for which this tool must first moisten in water so that the plaster is less than the lipla to it.

The layer must be applied to such a thickness so that it is slightly exceeded the distance from the lighthouses to the base of the ceiling. When performing this work, it is necessary to tightly press the grater to the ceiling, not leaving the sink and emptiness. This is done by applying the first layer of plaster.

Proper applying plaster on the ceiling

Then they take a mesh roll, it is slightly unwound and placed above the head. Using a grater or a spatula, the grid is pressed to the plaster-applied layer, continuing to unwind the roll along the lighthouses.

When used to reinforce the metal galvanized grid, you need to apply a significant effort, trying to sell the solution of plaster through the cells of the grid.

Fixing the grid, it is necessary to apply the following layer of plaster. After that, the surplus of the solution is removed by the rule, for which it is stretched through the beacons.

The final stage is the removal of beacon plates (if they are aluminum - you can not delete them). The remaining strokes are sealed with a solution.

Subsequent finishing works are performed only after the plaster is completely dry. Approximately this happens after 3-14 days.

The key to obtaining an excellent result can be considered a neat performance of work strictly according to the instructions. Experts argue that plastering the ceilings is very complex. Therefore, if you doubt your strengths and skills, you should not risk - invite experienced specialists.

Admin.

  • Selection of material for plaster
  • Step-by-step instructions: Preparing the ceiling
  • Tool for plaster
  • Leveling ceiling
  • Plaster for beacons
  • Plastering ceiling of plasterboard

In any room, the ceiling occupies the most prominent position. This is the first thing that rushes into the eyes, and his appearance creates the first impression about the whole house. Improve the impression can plaster ceiling with your own hands.

Plaster ceiling allows you to eliminate surface defects and update it.

During the construction of the ceiling overlap, various defects and irregularities arise. In a residential building on the ceiling over time, stains, cracks, etc. appear. Plastering the ceiling with your own hands allows you to eliminate surface defects and update it.

Selection of material for plaster

Plaster is a thick mixture that is designed to finish various surfaces.

The process of plastering the ceiling implies plastering on the ceiling overlap to create a flat smooth surface. In the general case, this process can be divided into plaster (primary elimination of irregularities) and putty (clean surface alignment). Main requirements for used materials: Good adhesion with different materials used in construction; the possibility of forming a smooth surface by simple ways; monolith; Resistance to external influences.

Plastering mixes.

Plasters can be divided into two large groups - mixtures based on cement and based on plaster. To increase the functional properties and technological, various substances are added in the mixture.

The cement solution is a mixture of cement with sand in proportion 1: (3-4). A cement-lime solution is used to increase elasticity, when lime milk is added to the cement cement mixture (0.7-1 part of the hazed lime diluted in water to liquid state). Pure gypsum solution is usually not used for plaster.

Wide distribution finds lime-gypsum solution. It is a mixture of gypsum with a lime solution in proportion 1: (3-4). In turn, the limestone is prepared in the form of a mixture of hated lime with sand in a ratio of 1: (4-6).

Alone prepared solutions allow you to plaster the ceiling with your own hands, but cannot provide the desired reliability.

Currently, dry building mixtures are being implemented, which significantly increase the reliability and quality of the material. This mixture includes mineral and polymeric additives that increase their elasticity and strength. Their base may be cement and gypsum.

Making a lime-free plaster mix.

For plastering ceilings, dry building mixes on a plaster basis are most often used. However, in rooms with high humidity and other influences of various factors, mixtures on a cement basis should be used for internal works.

For decorative plaster, colored building mixes are available. In addition, the mixtures differ in the grain of additives, which should be taken into account when choosing a composition for plaster (graininess can exceed 2.5 mm) and putty (grain not more than 0.3 mm). In general, dry building mixtures are divided into destination to the following types:

  • plaster leveling;
  • protective covering;
  • putty;
  • primer;
  • adhesive layer;
  • Color decoration.

Step-by-step instructions: Preparing the ceiling

The coating of the surface with their own hands begins with the preparation of the surface of the ceiling.

Preparation lies in surface cleaning, removal of explicit defects and old ceiling coating (during repair). First of all, you need to take action on your own protection - when cleaning the ceiling there will be a lot of dust. It is necessary to use glasses and a respirator.

Before applying plaster, clean the surface of the ceiling and remove the old ceiling coating.

Old coatings are removed using an acute rigid spatula. Initially, the paint and former plaster is maximally. If the spatula fails to completely remove the old coating, then the sandpaper mesh, grinding machine or a rough emery skirm should be used.

It should be checked the quality of seams between the slabs of the overlap. If the plaster is stagged or sat down, then it should be removed.

Stucco, which is not amenable to touching the spatula, remains in its place. Difficulties can cause paint brought directly to concrete. If it is not amenable to a spatula, you will have to use special solutions.

So, you can apply an iodide aqueous solution (25 ml on 10 liters of water). The solution is applied to the residues of the paint, soaked it. After that, the paint is removed by the spatula.

Sometimes there are cases when mold or fungi occurred after floting on the ceiling, it is necessary to remove the area to be treated with a solution of copper sulphate (5 g per 1 liter of water). After all the work on the ceiling, its surface is dried and thoroughly cleaned from dust.

Tool for plaster

Plastering the ceiling is performed using a specialized hand tool. To stack the ceiling, the following tool will be required:

Tools for plaster ceiling.

  • putty knife;
  • grater;
  • half-sash;
  • falcon;
  • Stucco trunk;
  • shovel plaster;
  • Equalizer corner;
  • rule;
  • Kelma (Malka);
  • scoop;
  • Ironing;
  • level;
  • Topor;
  • Paint roller or brushes;
  • Mesh emery;
  • Schurd emery.

For convenience, work should prepare a set of spatulas of different rigidity and width from 50 to 120 mm.

In addition, it is advisable to have a comb spatula. To prepare the solution, a mixture container is necessary, a mixer or a drill with a mixing nozzle. Quality control should be kept using a level.

Leveling ceiling

An independent plastering of the surface begins with its alignment. The first stage of the ceiling leveling is the surface primer in order to cover large defects and ensure good adhesion.

The ceiling primer is carried out in two layers. The primer mixture is applied to the entire surface of the ceiling with roller, and in the corners - brush. Before the plaster overlay, the primer layer must dry completely.

The process of plastering the ceiling.

The mixture for plastering is prepared as follows.

Water is poured into the container and the dry mixture is falling asleep in the proportion specified in the instruction. The mixture was mixed with a mixing pump and then defended for 5-10 minutes. After that, the drill is made final mixing of the solution to obtain a homogeneous mass of consistency of thick sour cream.

The stucco is applied to the surface of the ceiling with a spatula and a trowel. Starting the ceiling should be started from the corner from the wall with a window.

The solution is applied to the surface and immediately resurrected with a spatula. The ceiling is placed evenly throughout the surface of the ceiling. The thickness of the coating is about 5-10 mm.

The work is completed by imposing putty on top of the dried plaster.

The putty mixture is prepared similarly to the plastering mixture. It is superimposed with a thin layer of 3-5 mm and carefully spatula. After drying, it grinds the emery skurt.

Plaster for beacons

When processing a rather uneven ceiling, plaster should have a layer of increased thickness. In this case, the method of plastering on lighthouses is used. The essence of the method is that the plastic beacons of different heights are attached throughout the surface of the ceiling, which forms the same level on their top.

Beacons are attached to gypsum or cement pits every 30 cm. After the fives are dried, securing the beacons, there are overlapping plaster with alignment by their vertices. The thickness of such a layer reaches 5 cm in the places of the largest dents on the ceiling.

Control over the correct installation of beacons is carried out using a level of 2 m.

After performing work, the beacons are removed.

Plastering ceiling of plasterboard

Plastering ceiling of plasterboard is with your own hands in applying putty. Initially, a mounting mesh (sherryanka) is superimposed on the joints of the sheets of plasterboard. The sections of the joint and plasterboard mounting places are thoroughly swell.

Then the primer is applied to the entire surface of the drywall. After its drying, a layer of a wratble mixture with a thickness of 2-3 mm is laid on the plasterboard. The surface is maintained and grinding with the emery grid.

Plastering the ceiling with your own hands - the process is simple, but it requires accuracy and thoroughness of finishing. In the stucco, you should use standard high-quality mixtures, then a good appearance of the surface will be provided.

In order to bring the ceiling in the proper form, you can resort to different ways and methods, each of which has its advantages and disadvantages. We will dwell on the alignment of the ceiling by plaster: we'll figure it out how to plaster the ceiling and how convenient and relevant this method is currently.

Walking the ceiling: all "for" and "against".

"PER":

  1. Minimum cash investments - in the case when the work is performed by their own hands);
  2. Ecology of such a finish;
  3. Minimum decrease in the height of the room (maximum of 5 centimeters).

"VS":

  1. costly master services;
  2. If the drops of the level of your ceiling is more than 5 centimeters, the plaster will not be able to make its surface perfectly smooth;
  3. High complexity, duration and "patty" of the process.

Preparatory stage of work.

Stopping on the alignment of the ceiling by plaster, you should first, yet, once again examine the workplace and decide whether it will be appropriate for its ceiling plaster, because illiterate (overlaying more than 5 centimeters) its distribution can lead to completely undesirable consequences: from the formation of cracks Before falling the whole pieces of "elusive" ceiling.

Next you need to prepare the surface. Imagine the worst version of the original ceiling with partially destroyed old plaster formed by fungus, height drops and deep cracks along the seams. What to do with it?

  1. Moisten the entire surface of the ceiling with water. Repeat the same after 2-3 hours. It is necessary to facilitate the removal of old plaster and reduce the amount of inevitable dust.
  2. With the help of a rigid spatula, clean the surface of the ceiling up to the slab of the overlap. If there are no unnecessary places, you can use the perforator.
  3. Remove the plaster in the seamstring seams.
  4. Wet sponge erase the remains of cement dust and lime.
  5. Proceed by antiseptic primer (here it is better not to save and take it precisely) parts of the ceiling, where there is a mold. And even better, if you treat it the whole ceiling (in the case of a raw room, do it at mandatory). The use of such a primer will help you forget about the repeated appearance of the fungus on the ceiling.
  6. Drive the ceiling by primer (any). It will help strengthen the outdoor layer of concrete and improving its clutch with plaster.

It's time for choosing plaster.

Stop your choice on modern gypsum blends. They, unlike cement-lime, not only transfer (naturally, within reasonable limits) Shrinkage at home, without giving cracks, but also facilitate the work of the novice due to its easier spreading (rather than the attachment), which is possible due to the best "sticking" of gypsum plaster To concrete.

Step-by-step instruction.

  1. In order to align the existing surfaces of the ceiling surface, set lighthouses:
  • Find the lower point of the draft ceiling using a laser or water level;
  • Remove the plaster level of 10 millimeters below the marked point and attach the lighthouse profiles;
  • Tension the threads on the lines of carnations. Tell a certain number of nonsense from the finished plaster, pressing the profile in the putty. Then you can go to the next step.

By the way, the distance from the profile to the profile must be at least 20 centimeters less than the length of your rule (a longer rule contributes to the receipt of a more smooth surface).

  1. Spread the plaster with a midwater spatula in such a way that it goes to the lighthouses.
  2. Surplus the plasters that came out for lighthouses should be removed using the rule by moving the "wave" or zigzag (not in a straight line!).

Here we note that big irregularities will require more work. At one time, no more than two centimeters of plaster should be applied, after it should be sought to the first layer of the reinforcing synthetic grid, pressing it into the freshly marked plaster of the mustache approximately 10 centimeters. Only after drying such a reinforced first layer of plaster can be applied the second.

  • Go to finishing finish.
  • Align the surface with the final putty (when used previously plastering plaster) with a wide spatula. The putty must be applied as subtle layers twice as much as possible, waiting for the time to dry each of them.

    1. Final stage - ceiling grinding. To carry out it, use a hand grater with a grinding grid. Although it is better and faster, naturally, it will take advantage of the grinding machine. And do not forget about the respirator and glasses, they will be just necessary for you!

    Video

    I recommend reading:

    Sources:

    • OpenFile.ru.
    • Remontnik.org.
    • Moyagostinaya.ru.
    • Podmasterij.ru.

    Plaster ceiling with your own hands - features

    Smooth ceiling is one of the components of modern repairs. One of the methods of alignment is the plaster ceiling. The technology is not very complicated, but requires accuracy. With modern materials and tools, this work can be done with your own hands. It cannot be said that it will be easy, but it is possible to cope without the skills of plaster.

    With lighthouses or without

    There are two technology plaster ceiling - with lighthouses and without. Right - to do with lighthouses. Then the surface of the ceiling is obtained in the same plane. However, there are ceilings with a very large height difference. Put the ceiling layer of plaster thickness of 5 cm dangerous: may fall. Even if you make several layers with the application of the primer after everyone, the guarantee that such a large layer will hold on, there is still no.

    Incorrectly applied plaster can collapse
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    In general, with a large curvature of ceilings, it is recommended to align them with suspended ceilings from drywall, but not all rooms allow you to "steal" about 10 cm of height. In this case, you can do wrong - to launch the ceiling without lighthouses.

    The whole idea is to make a ceiling on some plot. It will not have noticeable drops, visually will look like smooth. And the fact that in different angles the distance to the floor will be different for several centimeters, "on the eye" cannot be determined. With this technology, the main task is to make a smooth bog of the ceiling and walls. This line is very clearly tracked and should be straight. If you choose this ceiling plaster technology, you need to start plastering from the walls to the center.

    The better plastering

    For plastering ceiling, you can use a conventional cement-sandy solution, or the same, but with the addition of lime. But it is desirable to apply a small layer. At least such a mixture is the cheapest, recently it is used infrequently - can fall or go cracks.

    The place of the usual solution was taken by plaster based on polymers, which have better clutch, less often gives cracks. Their disadvantage is a high price. But redo the ceiling after the applied layer falls, it is not cheaper. Therefore, they prefer to immediately make the stream of flow from modern mixes. Some types of similar materials recommended for ceilings are shown in the table.

    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    If the experience of plaster works is small, when choosing a composition, pay attention to the time until the released solution is frozen. During this period, it is necessary to align the whole solution, because then he begins to fit, loses elasticity. Of the longer life of the "life" of the waves, which are shown in the table. But not everyone likes to work with it, many say that with Knauff is easier, although they are less than the time of frozen - 50-60 minutes, but it is more than enough even in the absence of experience.

    Primer, why need and what better

    Normal ceiling plaster without thorough primer you will not work. It improves the adhesion (grip) of the plaster mixture with the basis. Basically, all problems with falling and peeling trim on the ceiling due to the fact that the basis has not been trunk. Because this stage do not miss. More in addition, if there are several layers of plaster, each of them is desirable to treat primer (with full drying).

    First, we prepare the base - we clean from old coatings, and then we proceed with the primer. For this, the composition is pouring into a painting bath, take a roller on the length of the handle (telescopic barbell) and distribute the composition on the ceiling. If there are some recesses - notches, defects on the surface of the ceiling, in which the roller is simply not placed, they are pre-processing with a brush dipped in primer.

    Ceiling primer before plaster
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    Now about what a primer for the ceiling is better. According to the masters, this "concrete contact" of the company "Knauf". After drying (24 hours), a rough, sticky film remains on the surface. It is perfectly "clinging" to the putty. Only one moment: you need to follow so that the primer dries, dust did not fall on it. Otherwise, there will be no effect from such a processing. Maybe only worse.

    How to seal the joints of the plates and rusts

    When plastering a concrete ceiling made of reinforced concrete slabs, the main problem is the sealing of joints and rusts - recesses in the fields of joints. They are close a few days before the overall plaster ceiling begins - it is necessary that all materials "grab".

    First, from the junctions remove everything that happens. Then, everything is cleaned with a brush from dust, sand. Prepared joints are labeled primer. Most often "concrete contact" is recommended. This processing is at times reduces the possibility of detachable of the applied plaster layer. If this option is not suitable for any reason, you can use any impregnation of deep penetration, but the effect will not be that.

    Such seams on the ceiling - not uncommon
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    After drying the impregnation (24 hours from the date of application) a solution is applied. If a layer is required more than 30-35 mm, it is better to apply it in two layers. Setting the first, the relief shape on it on it. After a day, when the solution serves, apply the second layer. It is already leveling in a ceiling.

    With a large layer of plaster stakes, plates are sometimes reinforced by a layer of painter stacks. It is needed in order for plates during seasonal plates on the seam, there are no cracks. It is unlikely that someone will trigger the grid to the ceiling, it is usually easy to fit. In this case, after applying the first layer of plaster, a strip of a polymer plaster mesh is stacked, it is carried out by a toothed spatula, deepening it into the solution and, at the same time, forming a relief to apply the second layer.

    When applying plaster in two layers on the first form a relief
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    Sometimes the Rust (crack in the seam) is very deep and close it is not possible. It is also pre-cleaned from the sprinkled parts and sand, processed by "concrete contact". After there are two options:

    1. Close up by mounting foam. It is a little, about 1/3 of the volume of the slit, pre-abundantly moocked the wall with water (needed for normal foam polymerization). We leave for a day, after which they cut off the foam so that the plasterers in the seam fit at least 1 cm. After - soil and apply plaster in two (it is also three) layers.
      Ceiling can be kept from the ceiling, you can wear a piece of hose on the "Nose"
      When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.
    2. Take the rag, moisten it with a concrete button, score into the gap. Leave for ducks, then shook out.

    Maybe there may also be a question than to close the stakes of the plates on the ceiling. It is usually used one of the compositions with polymer additives, and you can also use good tiled glue. It also has a considerable amount of polymers. It is said that after such sealing the joints do not crack.

    This looks covered with seam on the ceiling
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    Plaster ceiling for lighthouses do it yourself

    If you ever placed the walls, you will be easier. The plaster of the ceiling though slightly different, but not dramatically. The greatest difficulty is that there are hands to keep raised up - they get tired, also tires the neck - comes to throw the head.

    Preparation

    First, the ceiling is cleaned from all available finishing materials, up to bare concrete. After the surface remove dust. If there is a building vacuum cleaner (not household, it will throw), it is convenient to work for them, if not, just a large brush to remove all the dust and sand.

    First we clean everything to pure material
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    If the ceiling is made of reinforced concrete plates with large rusts, they close them. After drying the solution in the rusts, primer is applied to the clean surface. After 24 hours of operation, you can continue.

    Installation of Mayakov

    The first stage of the ceiling plaster - installation of beacons, but first need to determine the maximum and minimum difference of heights. It is more convenient to do with the Laser Plane Builder. It is installed under the ceiling, turn on the scan of the horizontal plane. It is measured in a certain number of points measure the distance from the ceiling to the glowing beam. In this way, the maximum and minimum deviation is found. The thickness of the plaster layer should be a little more of the most significant deviation.

    The same operation can be done with a water level, but it will be much more complicated. To begin with, it is necessary to apply horizontally around the perimeter of the walls at some arbitrary distance from the floor. One end of the level is fixed at this mark. With the second, we go around, moving the distance from the water column in the level - to the ceiling. So calculate the same maximum and minimum points.

    Deciding with a layer thick, choose lighthouses. These are galvanized perforated sheets with a protruding back. These backs and will be supports when solving the solution. The height of the backrest can be 6 mm and 10 mm. Choose the one that is slightly larger than the maximum deviation found.

    Installing beacons on the ceiling
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    Lighthouses are set in increments, slightly less than the length of the rules - the tool that is leveling and cut into the solution. With the length of the rule of 1.5 meters, the beacons are set at a distance of 1.1-1.3 m. Long work with unaccustomed is difficult, shorter - it is not worth it - too many seams. First put extreme lighthouses, retreating from the walls of 20-30 cm. The remaining distance is divided so that the distance between the beacons was at the specified framework.

    Fasten the lighthouses on the gypsum solution, mix it thick. Upon installation line of the lighthouse (can be burned on the ceiling) is the islands of this solution. Lighthouses are pressed into it, exposing their backs in one specified plane. If there is a plane builder (level) everything is simple - exhibit on it - the beam must slide on the back.

    If we work with a water level, we carry the required "clean" ceiling level on the walls, stretch several cords so that they are directed along the lighthouse. On these cords and insert the backs of the planks. By putting all the lighthouses, check the plane by the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    Distance between the beacons on the ceiling - 1.1-1.3 meters
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    After the gypsum grabs (there must be a few hours), you can begin the ceiling plaster.

    Application and alignment of plaster on the ceiling

    At this stage, it will require sustainable building goats with a large platform between them. From the tools - a small spatula and a building falcon - a playground with a handle.

    Built the selected plaster mixture strictly according to the instructions. The solution should be homogeneous, without lumps. A solution is superimposed on the falcon from the tank, then with the help of a small spatula, the consignments are stacked on the ceiling. It is more convenient, probably to send a solution with a sharp movement of the brush, but you can simply "adjust" to the ceiling. Here everyone chooses its way.

    Fill the space between the beacons with a solution
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    Filled with plaster Distance from one lighthouse to another. The width of this strip for the beginning is 50-60 cm. When laying should not be achieved a homogeneous surface. It is filled with chaotic strokes.

    We take the rule, lay it on the lighthouses, move to yourself, shaking from side to the side. With this movement on the bar, a certain amount of solution remains.

    We take the rule, starting to smooth
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    He is removed by a small spatula and send it to the ceiling - on the unfilled part or where the pits were found. By filling out the pits, again pull the rule. These are the main techniques of the plaster ceiling, they repeat them until the site becomes smooth.

    Stretch several times, filling the pits
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    So, gradually, one band is filled, then the second, and so - the whole ceiling. It is left to dry 5-8 hours.

    Removing beacons and entry of rusts

    When the solution grabbed, but not dry, the lighthouses take out. If you leave them, the metal will begin to rust, rusty divorces can appear on the ceiling.

    After removing the beacons, rusts remain, they are closed with mortar
    When the work is performed using a water level, it is transferred to the walls of the ceiling surface and stretch several cords so that they are sent along the lighthouses. According to this markup, the backs are put. After installing all lighthouses, the plane check the rule with a bubble level installed on it.

    The rules that remained after lighthouses are filled with the same solution, align in one level with the plane of the ceiling with a wide spatula. It makes sense to use melting - it is too long. After that, we can assume that the plaster of the ceiling is finished with their own hands. It remains to wait for her complete drying. It will take from 5 to 7 days - depending on the composition.

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    Different materials are used to finish the ceiling, but decorative plasters occupy a special place. They allow you to get reliable, resistant to different impacts, and most importantly beautiful and original coating. The technology of work is almost no different from shuttering walls, but we will consider all the steps in detail - from the choice of mixtures for alignment and finishing to applying the compositions on the surface.

    A few hours later, when the gypsum grabs, begin the final stage of the work, having previously decided than plastering the concrete ceiling.

    How to choose the type of ceiling finish?

    Initially, you need to decide on the types of plaster mixtures for leveling the surface and finishing finish. Decorative ceiling plaster can be performed by the following types of compositions:

    • Structural mixture - allows you to form original patterns and embossed patterns on a fresh coating with a special (structural rollers, stamps) or a healthy (trowel, paint brushes, sponges, etc.) tool.

    Applying plaster

    Photo 1. Ceiling, trimmed by a structural plaster mixture

    • Textural plaster - contains in its composition special insoluble fractions, which by grouting allow you to obtain a beautiful textured surface. Such types of compositions include "Coroed", "Barashek", "Mosaic".

    For further work, steady building goats are needed, and a spatula and a playground with a handle (falcon) are needed. The selected stucco composition is bred in accordance with the instructions. It is necessary that the solution is homogeneous, without lumps.

    Photo 2. Ceiling surface, plastered as a textured composition of the "Coroed"

    • "Venetian" is used to create a decorative coating that imitating the surface of natural stone (marble, travertine, onyx, etc.).

    The putty is laid out on falcon and small portions with a spatula are placed on the ceiling. The solution fill the distance between the beacons. First, the bandwidth makes the size of 50 to 60 centimeters, and there is no need to achieve a homogeneous surface.

    Photo 3. Venetian plaster ceiling base (and walls too)

    The material is selected based on the desired decorative effect and your budget. Thus, Venetian mixtures are characterized by the highest price, but also the smallest consumption, which ranges from 100 to 600 g / m2 (for the 1st layer).

    The leveling plaster of a concrete or other ceiling (for example, from plasterboard) can be performed by several types of solutions:

    • Cement mixtures are characterized by a low price and increased operational characteristics, including adhesion strength with base, moisture resistance, resistance to mechanical damage. Optimally suitable for alignment of ceilings in bathrooms and other rooms with high levels of humidity.

    Then they take the rule, refrigerate it on the lighthouses and move to yourself, shaking out of one on the other side. As a result, it remains a little solution. It is removed by a spatula and applied to the ceiling - on its unfilled part or where there are holes. The on again move the rule.

    Photo 4. Watching cement-sandy solution

    • Gypsum plaster for the ceiling is used primarily in residential areas with normal humidity. It is characterized by high vapor permeability and low weight, which makes it more economical than cement solutions, while recalculating the consumption on M2.

    These actions are repeated until the surface area becomes smooth. Then fill the second strip and so on. The ceiling is allowed to dry for 5 to 8 hours. When the solution was grabbed, but even finally did not dry, you need to remove the lighthouses, otherwise they can be powered and rusty divorces can manifest on the surface.

    Photo 5. Playing with plaster composition

    If the ceiling plaster is performed under painting, there is no need to use decorative mixtures - it is sufficient to highlight the surface, perform the spatlement and paint the selected paint material.

    Tools and materials

    Decorative ceiling plaster is performed using such tools:

    • pure tank for the preparation of the solution (in case of dry mixtures);
    • Construction mixer or drill with a special nozzle;
    • Master OK;
    • Halfury and grater;
    • Spatula (if necessary);
    • Roller and / or brushes for priming.
    • rule;
    • Construction level, etc.

    Rusta after slats are filled with a solution and a wide spatula align in one level with the ceiling plane. At full drying of plaster leaves about 5 - 7 days.

    Photo 6. Tools and materials for plastering works

    Also, it is also necessary to calculate in advance and purchase the necessary number of leveling and decorative plaster, primer and putty (if necessary in its use).

    If the textured plaster for the ceiling is selected, then only the ironing is used as the main tool for the formation of the invoice. In the case of a structural mixture, different devices are used - special rollers and stencils or remedies (in the form of a trowel, cellophane crops, etc.), with which the performer independently creates a relief on the surface.

    How to determine the level of the new ceiling and the thickness of the plaster?

    When using decorative plaster mixtures for the finishing finish, the ceiling plaster does not require the perfectly accurate horizontal level, for example, in cases where one overlap angle is underestimated. But at the same time excessive beggars need to be avoided. The level is evoked with a laser level or on stretched cords.

    To determine the new ceiling level, you need:

    • find the lowest point;
    • Calculate the maximum thickness of the plastering layer.

    Stucco Ceiling with your own hands: Stages of work

    Figure 7. Schematic pattern for determining the level of the new ceiling and thickness of the plaster layer

    Then, in accordance with the level of the future ceiling, marks located in one plane are beaten. The horizontal plane mark is carried out with a solid feature using a water or laser level. According to the intended line, the plane of the new ceiling is selected, but taking into account that the minimum layer of plaster should be from 3 mm and more.

    Further, a dowel is driven by marks, and the cord is stretched for the convenience of the subsequent installation of plaster beacons. For stretched cords you can easily determine the thickness of the future plaster in different places.

    Technology of work

    Many beginner masters are wondering how to align the ceiling by plaster. This is due primarily to the fact that it is necessary to work in an inconvenient position and there are doubts about the quality and reliability of the future decoration. However, the main thing here is not to panic and responsibly approach the process.

    The ceiling plaster technology is practically no different from shuttering walls, but still harder in performance and has its own nuances that we will analyze in stages.

    Surface preparation

    One of the most important stages is a thorough preparation of the surface of the ceiling to shockting. Initially, you need to remove the old finishing material. With the presence of an old sweeping and peeling plastering layer, it is also required to remove with a drill with special nozzles, toporist, spatulas and other suitable tools.

    Plaster ceiling.jpg.

    Photo 8. Removing the old coating perforator

    Upon completion of the dusty work in the room, the "under the pancake" should be seen and deny the surface that will be placed. After drying, the ceiling must be checked for large cracks and other defects that should be eliminated. It is recommended to process the base of the primer in 1 or 2 layers. Only after that you can proceed to the ceiling alignment.

    Methods and ways of work

    The method and technique of plastering depends on the chosen finishing cladding. Thus, the ceiling decoration with decorative plaster does not require perfectly smooth and smooth surface - small flaws will block the thin layer of the plaster mix. But this is acceptable only if the use of textured and structural compositions, for the "Venetian", it is advisable to more carefully align the base.

    The plaster of the ceiling with their own hands under painting should also be carried out thoroughly and followed by a spatlement of the surface, since the paint material is not able to level even small defects in the form of chips and irregularities.

    Preparation of solution

    Aligning cement and gypsum plaster are sold, as a rule, in a dry form - before use they must be shuffled with water. Fluid proportions to the composition. Manufacturers usually indicate packaging.

    General cooking technology:

    • In the clean capacity to pour a certain amount of water.
    • Fill the appropriate amount of the mixture into a water container.
    • Carefully mix the drill with a "mixer" nozzle until a homogeneous creamy consistency is achieved.
    • Leave the solution to strengthen for 5 minutes.
    • Mix once again and you can proceed to work.

    Photo 1. Ceiling, trimmed by a structural plaster mixture.jpg

    Photo 9. Slaving solution for plastering

    Most decorative plasters are supplied in the ready form in buckets, with the exception of mineral compositions, the principle of preparation of which is the same as leveling solutions.

    Reinforcement of plaster

    The maximum allowable thickness of the plaster layer on the ceiling without the need for reinforcement is 10 mm. If the thickness of the leveling coating is within 11-20 mm, the fiberglass mesh is additionally used, which is taken into the applied solution during the work.

    Photo 2. Ceiling surface, plastered as a texture type "Coroed" .jpg

    Photo 10. Reinforcement of fiberglass mesh

    With a layer of over 20 mm, it is better to use a metal reinforcing mesh with a cell of 10-20 mm, attached to the base by self-drawing with dowels.

    Photo 3. Venetian plaster ceiling base (and walls too) .jpg

    Photo 11. Reinforcement with steel grid

    Installation of Mayakov

    Eliminate plastering and get the perfectly smooth base for the finishing finish allows the installation of beacons. They are thin T-shaped strips of metal. For their convenient placement, you can use adjusting screws - they are screwed into with increments of 0.5 m along the axes of beacons. And position control is performed in accordance with stretched cords.

    The position of the beacon is fixed with the help of a plastering solution, which is attacked by the ceiling "blooming" along the lines of metal strips. Lighthouses are neatly pressed by the rule, taking into account the fact that each of them is not less than 3 adjusting screws.

    Photo 4. Watching cement-sandy solution.jpg

    Photo 12. Installed plaster lighthouses on concrete overlap

    The movement step is usually within 1 m, and the distance to the corners is 300-200 mm.

    Ceiling laying

    Leveling the ceiling by plaster is the process of time consuming and requiring a special approach. The difference from the plastering of the walls is that the application of plaster on the ceiling is carried out by a spatula or half-sash method of ticking to the base with a thorough force. But, at the same time, it is not necessary to rub many times in the same place - this will lead to the detachment of the applied solution from the surface.

    Photo 5. Playing with plaster composition.jpg

    Different materials are used to finish the ceiling, but decorative plasters occupy a special place. They allow you to get reliable, resistant to different impacts, and most importantly beautiful and original coating. The technology of work is almost no different from shuttering walls, but we will consider all the steps in detail - from the choice of mixtures for alignment and finishing to applying the compositions on the surface.

    A few hours later, when the gypsum grabs, begin the final stage of the work, having previously decided than plastering the concrete ceiling.

    How to choose the type of ceiling finish?

    Initially, you need to decide on the types of plaster mixtures for leveling the surface and finishing finish. Decorative ceiling plaster can be performed by the following types of compositions:

    • Structural mixture - allows you to form original patterns and embossed patterns on a fresh coating with a special (structural rollers, stamps) or a healthy (trowel, paint brushes, sponges, etc.) tool.

    Applying plaster

    Photo 1. Ceiling, trimmed by a structural plaster mixture

    • Textural plaster - contains in its composition special insoluble fractions, which by grouting allow you to obtain a beautiful textured surface. Such types of compositions include "Coroed", "Barashek", "Mosaic".

    For further work, steady building goats are needed, and a spatula and a playground with a handle (falcon) are needed. The selected stucco composition is bred in accordance with the instructions. It is necessary that the solution is homogeneous, without lumps.

    Photo 2. Ceiling surface, plastered as a textured composition of the "Coroed"

    • "Venetian" is used to create a decorative coating that imitating the surface of natural stone (marble, travertine, onyx, etc.).

    The putty is laid out on falcon and small portions with a spatula are placed on the ceiling. The solution fill the distance between the beacons. First, the bandwidth makes the size of 50 to 60 centimeters, and there is no need to achieve a homogeneous surface.

    Photo 3. Venetian plaster ceiling base (and walls too)

    The material is selected based on the desired decorative effect and your budget. Thus, Venetian mixtures are characterized by the highest price, but also the smallest consumption, which ranges from 100 to 600 g / m2 (for the 1st layer).

    The leveling plaster of a concrete or other ceiling (for example, from plasterboard) can be performed by several types of solutions:

    • Cement mixtures are characterized by a low price and increased operational characteristics, including adhesion strength with base, moisture resistance, resistance to mechanical damage. Optimally suitable for alignment of ceilings in bathrooms and other rooms with high levels of humidity.

    Then they take the rule, refrigerate it on the lighthouses and move to yourself, shaking out of one on the other side. As a result, it remains a little solution. It is removed by a spatula and applied to the ceiling - on its unfilled part or where there are holes. The on again move the rule.

    Photo 4. Watching cement-sandy solution

    • Gypsum plaster for the ceiling is used primarily in residential areas with normal humidity. It is characterized by high vapor permeability and low weight, which makes it more economical than cement solutions, while recalculating the consumption on M2.

    These actions are repeated until the surface area becomes smooth. Then fill the second strip and so on. The ceiling is allowed to dry for 5 to 8 hours. When the solution was grabbed, but even finally did not dry, you need to remove the lighthouses, otherwise they can be powered and rusty divorces can manifest on the surface.

    Photo 5. Playing with plaster composition

    If the ceiling plaster is performed under painting, there is no need to use decorative mixtures - it is sufficient to highlight the surface, perform the spatlement and paint the selected paint material.

    Tools and materials

    Decorative ceiling plaster is performed using such tools:

    • pure tank for the preparation of the solution (in case of dry mixtures);
    • Construction mixer or drill with a special nozzle;
    • Master OK;
    • Halfury and grater;
    • Spatula (if necessary);
    • Roller and / or brushes for priming.
    • rule;
    • Construction level, etc.

    Rusta after slats are filled with a solution and a wide spatula align in one level with the ceiling plane. At full drying of plaster leaves about 5 - 7 days.

    Photo 6. Tools and materials for plastering works

    Also, it is also necessary to calculate in advance and purchase the necessary number of leveling and decorative plaster, primer and putty (if necessary in its use).

    If the textured plaster for the ceiling is selected, then only the ironing is used as the main tool for the formation of the invoice. In the case of a structural mixture, different devices are used - special rollers and stencils or remedies (in the form of a trowel, cellophane crops, etc.), with which the performer independently creates a relief on the surface.

    How to determine the level of the new ceiling and the thickness of the plaster?

    When using decorative plaster mixtures for the finishing finish, the ceiling plaster does not require the perfectly accurate horizontal level, for example, in cases where one overlap angle is underestimated. But at the same time excessive beggars need to be avoided. The level is evoked with a laser level or on stretched cords.

    To determine the new ceiling level, you need:

    • find the lowest point;
    • Calculate the maximum thickness of the plastering layer.

    Stucco Ceiling with your own hands: Stages of work

    Figure 7. Schematic pattern for determining the level of the new ceiling and thickness of the plaster layer

    Then, in accordance with the level of the future ceiling, marks located in one plane are beaten. The horizontal plane mark is carried out with a solid feature using a water or laser level. According to the intended line, the plane of the new ceiling is selected, but taking into account that the minimum layer of plaster should be from 3 mm and more.

    Further, a dowel is driven by marks, and the cord is stretched for the convenience of the subsequent installation of plaster beacons. For stretched cords you can easily determine the thickness of the future plaster in different places.

    Technology of work

    Many beginner masters are wondering how to align the ceiling by plaster. This is due primarily to the fact that it is necessary to work in an inconvenient position and there are doubts about the quality and reliability of the future decoration. However, the main thing here is not to panic and responsibly approach the process.

    The ceiling plaster technology is practically no different from shuttering walls, but still harder in performance and has its own nuances that we will analyze in stages.

    Surface preparation

    One of the most important stages is a thorough preparation of the surface of the ceiling to shockting. Initially, you need to remove the old finishing material. With the presence of an old sweeping and peeling plastering layer, it is also required to remove with a drill with special nozzles, toporist, spatulas and other suitable tools.

    Plaster ceiling.jpg.

    Photo 8. Removing the old coating perforator

    Upon completion of the dusty work in the room, the "under the pancake" should be seen and deny the surface that will be placed. After drying, the ceiling must be checked for large cracks and other defects that should be eliminated. It is recommended to process the base of the primer in 1 or 2 layers. Only after that you can proceed to the ceiling alignment.

    Methods and ways of work

    The method and technique of plastering depends on the chosen finishing cladding. Thus, the ceiling decoration with decorative plaster does not require perfectly smooth and smooth surface - small flaws will block the thin layer of the plaster mix. But this is acceptable only if the use of textured and structural compositions, for the "Venetian", it is advisable to more carefully align the base.

    The plaster of the ceiling with their own hands under painting should also be carried out thoroughly and followed by a spatlement of the surface, since the paint material is not able to level even small defects in the form of chips and irregularities.

    Preparation of solution

    Aligning cement and gypsum plaster are sold, as a rule, in a dry form - before use they must be shuffled with water. Fluid proportions to the composition. Manufacturers usually indicate packaging.

    General cooking technology:

    • In the clean capacity to pour a certain amount of water.
    • Fill the appropriate amount of the mixture into a water container.
    • Carefully mix the drill with a "mixer" nozzle until a homogeneous creamy consistency is achieved.
    • Leave the solution to strengthen for 5 minutes.
    • Mix once again and you can proceed to work.

    Photo 1. Ceiling, trimmed by a structural plaster mixture.jpg

    Photo 9. Slaving solution for plastering

    Most decorative plasters are supplied in the ready form in buckets, with the exception of mineral compositions, the principle of preparation of which is the same as leveling solutions.

    Reinforcement of plaster

    The maximum allowable thickness of the plaster layer on the ceiling without the need for reinforcement is 10 mm. If the thickness of the leveling coating is within 11-20 mm, the fiberglass mesh is additionally used, which is taken into the applied solution during the work.

    Photo 2. Ceiling surface, plastered as a texture type "Coroed" .jpg

    Photo 10. Reinforcement of fiberglass mesh

    With a layer of over 20 mm, it is better to use a metal reinforcing mesh with a cell of 10-20 mm, attached to the base by self-drawing with dowels.

    Photo 3. Venetian plaster ceiling base (and walls too) .jpg

    Photo 11. Reinforcement with steel grid

    Installation of Mayakov

    Eliminate plastering and get the perfectly smooth base for the finishing finish allows the installation of beacons. They are thin T-shaped strips of metal. For their convenient placement, you can use adjusting screws - they are screwed into with increments of 0.5 m along the axes of beacons. And position control is performed in accordance with stretched cords.

    The position of the beacon is fixed with the help of a plastering solution, which is attacked by the ceiling "blooming" along the lines of metal strips. Lighthouses are neatly pressed by the rule, taking into account the fact that each of them is not less than 3 adjusting screws.

    Photo 4. Watching cement-sandy solution.jpg

    Photo 12. Installed plaster lighthouses on concrete overlap

    The movement step is usually within 1 m, and the distance to the corners is 300-200 mm.

    Ceiling laying

    Leveling the ceiling by plaster is the process of time consuming and requiring a special approach. The difference from the plastering of the walls is that the application of plaster on the ceiling is carried out by a spatula or half-sash method of ticking to the base with a thorough force. But, at the same time, it is not necessary to rub many times in the same place - this will lead to the detachment of the applied solution from the surface.

    Photo 5. Playing with plaster composition.jpg

    Repair of any room, whether it is a residential or office, starts with the ceiling. Regardless of which finishes are provided for design project: Tells, painting, or decorative panels, the processed surface must be prepared for all the rules.
    Repair of any room, whether it is a residential or office, starts with the ceiling. Regardless of which finishes are provided for design project: Tells, painting, or decorative panels, the processed surface must be prepared for all the rules.

    Stucco Ceiling with your own hands

    In short - how can you align the stream?

    In short - how can you align the stream?
    In short - how can you align the stream?

    Comparing various ceiling alignment methods, should be found in, what is the principal difference between plaster and putty? And the other options for eliminating nervousness belong to the "wet" method, which is based on the use of various building mixtures and compositions. The "dry" calculate the ceiling alignment with plasterboard sheets, but they resort to such a fundamental solution to the problem in the most extreme case.

    Leveling Ceilkov

    • The surface of the surface is performed as an finishing finish before painting or shook wallpaper. The material layer can not exceed 3-4 mm. The peculiarity of such a coating is that its use is permissible on practically smooth surfaces with minor defects, low-challenging cracks and small irregularities, since the fine-dispersed putty mixture is not capable of tightening and hide more significant problems.
    • How to plaster ceiling
    • Coupling with plaster is made on surfaces with drops of heights up to 45-50 mm. Thanks to the overseas particles, the mixture easily copes with deep cracks and seams between the stoves and overlaps. However, if the differences exceed 5 cm, it is not recommended to use plaster mixes - too thick layer of material not only is aesthetically unattractive, but also dangerous due to the probabitability of cracking and peeling plaster from the ceiling, which can be a potential health threat and entail injuries. In such situations, the optimal solution will be the installation of frame ceiling structures using plasterboard plates or stretch ceilings from modern materials.
    • Pros and Cons Plasters

      Choosing one or another method of finishing, should take into account all the advantages and disadvantages of the material.
      Choosing one or another method of finishing, should take into account all the advantages and disadvantages of the material.

    Pluses of plaster stand in the following aspects:

    • This is a completely safe and environmentally friendly material that provides durable and long-term coating;
    • The work performed independently will be least costly than the installation of a suspended or stretch ceiling;
    • "Naturalness" of the material makes it possible to finish the housing of people suffering from diseases of the respiratory tract and various kinds of allergies;

    Surface treatment with plaster will slightly reduce the height of the room.

    Plaster mixture

    Tools and materials

    Tools and materials
    Tools and materials

    The disadvantages of plaster mixtures are as follows:

    There is a limit on the maximum thickness of the plastering layer - the specialists are not recommended to exceed the threshold of 5 cm - with large differences, it is impractical and characterized by a large flow rate of the mixture at high drops.

    If the work is independently not possible, the services of professionals will cost a significant amount, plus consider the value of the material itself;

    Surface preparation
    Surface preparation

    Leveling the ceiling by plaster mixtures requires certain skills to work with materials and tools, and the process itself may take a very long time, since the main task is to make the surface smooth and smooth.

    Prices for popular types of plaster
    Prices for popular types of plaster

    Plaster

    For plastering the ceiling on its own, the following materials will be required:
    For plastering the ceiling on its own, the following materials will be required:

    Step 1. Preparation of the surface

    The preparatory stage is of great importance even if it comes to a new structure. Ideally, the ceiling must be cleaned to the concrete slab.
    The preparatory stage is of great importance even if it comes to a new structure. Ideally, the ceiling must be cleaned to the concrete slab.

    Traces of mold, fungus and rust leaks should be removed with a wet sponge, after which it is to climb the ceiling area with special compositions. Old and loud layer of plaster and other building materials need to be removed.

    Footprints of mold, fungus and rust leaks should be removed by wet sponge

    Even if the coating looks durable and without noticeable traces of wear, experts recommend to remove it. First, sooner or later, cracks may form on the ceiling, and secondly, such a layering will declender extra centimeters of space.

    Grinding ceiling
    Grinding ceiling

    The most appropriate tool for carrying out the work is the non-screamer. If the layer of finishing materials is removed with difficulty, you can try to "dry up" the processed area with a rubber hammer or use an electromechanical drill with a special brush nozzle. It is very important not to forget to protect your eyes, head and respiratory tract from the construction dust.

    Non-smoked spatula

    To blurt up with various solutions, the plaster is useless, since a thin, smooth and difficult layer remains on the surface of the ceiling after such treatment, which will prevent quality work due to low adhesion, which can cause samples and cracks in the applied layer of plaster.

    Cracks and ceiling seams are recommended to squeeze. The surface exempted from the layers of the old coating should be developed by a coarse sandpaper P80 to remove the irregularities and the remaining pieces of plaster. In addition, sandpaper is not better than it allows to prepare a ceiling to priming.

    Step 2. Groundovka

    Preparation of solution
    Preparation of solution

    Protecting the ceiling with your own hands

    • When choosing a primer, preference should be given to solutions for smooth surfaces. They contain small granules in their composition, after drying, forming on the surface "roughness", which contributes to the best adhesion of the plaster layer with a projected concrete slab, and antiseptic substances that are part of the solution, prevent the development of foreign microflora.
    • The primer layer before the subsequent stages must be thoroughly dry, on average it takes at least 12 hours.
    • Prices for various types of primer

    Primer

    Step 3. Preparation of a plaster mix

    Plastering mixes are presented in two versions: ready and dry. There are no differences in consumer properties between them, but the price is different several times. Although it is easy to prepare a mixture:
    Plastering mixes are presented in two versions: ready and dry. There are no differences in consumer properties between them, but the price is different several times. Although it is easy to prepare a mixture:

    The prepared container poured the amount of water recommended by the manufacturer;

    Gradually dumped dry mixture;

    The mortar is mixed with a building mixer to a homogeneous state and is left when the lid is closed for 15-25 minutes, after which the mixers are re-stirred.
    The mortar is mixed with a building mixer to a homogeneous state and is left when the lid is closed for 15-25 minutes, after which the mixers are re-stirred.

    Plaster Recommend to apply a plastic or rubber spatula, but to perform a counterfeit efficient with a metal tool. It dries each layer of plaster at least 16 hours with the complete absence of temperature surges and drafts.

    Photo 6. Tools and materials for plastering. JPG
    Step 4. Watching the surface

    Revealing the level of irregularity ceiling

    Depending on the material of the ceiling and its curvature there are several technologies for plastering.
    Depending on the material of the ceiling and its curvature there are several technologies for plastering.

    Relatively smooth ceilings

    Stuccoing on the ceiling
    Stuccoing on the ceiling

    The ceiling is plastered with two, less than three layers of the mixture. In the presence of minimal surface defects, plastering is allowed to select the selective areas, followed by the resurrection of the material, but the masters recommend to apply at least one solid layer on the entire surface. If the irregularities are numerous and the proposed layer of plaster will exceed 10 mm, before starting work on the ceiling, you need to secure the painting mesh - it will save the coating from cracks and give greater strength.

    Reinforcing grid

    Ceilings with big irregularities

    Proper plaster ceiling
    Proper plaster ceiling

    If the surface differences are significant and amount to more than 2 cm, then the alignment is better to produce with the help of lighthouses. Their installation is a responsible and important stage.

    Lighthouse installation

    With the help of a laser level, levelation is performed and the "zero" mark is determined. For this, the lowest angle of the ceiling is determined, and the corresponding mark is made on the wall.

    After that, with the help of a painting cord, the lowest point is calculated on the ceiling, from where the installation of beacons on the ceiling will begin.

    Lighthouses are attached in parallel to each other on plastering nonsense with a distance between rows of 15-20 cm less than the width of the rule. The short rule is easier to work, and the long guarantees the best result.

    The short rule is easier to work, and the long guarantees the best result As soon as the lighthouses are installed, you can start shuttering. The mixture is distributed between the beaches with a spatula, and its excess is removed by the rule.
    Figure 7. Schematic pattern for determining the level of the new ceiling and thickness of the plaster layer.jpgIt was all told very briefly - in fact, they simply listed the main stages of the entire process of plastering the ceiling. In fact, each of the specified actions has many nuances, which also need to know. Therefore, the readers will be proposed below the table in which it is literally step by step, the process of plastering the ceiling with the necessary explanations is shown.
    Photo 8. Removing the old coating perforator.jpgDetailed step-by-step illustrated Instructions for plastering the ceiling with a solution on a plaster basis
    Photo 9. Slaving solution for plastering.jpgFirst of all, you need to make one remark. An inexperienced reader may initially seem that everything is performed quite quickly and simply. In fact, the ceiling alignment with the help of plaster is a very time-consuming finishing operation that requires considerable experience. If the owner of the apartment has never come across a plaster case at all, he should, as they say, to think about ten times and appreciate its capabilities before proceeding to repair.
    Photo 10. Reinforcement of fiberglass mesh.jpgDespite the fact that the technologies of applying plaster on the walls and the ceiling - in principle, very similar, work on the vertical wall surface is much easier. And in the event that in this regard there are at least some troubled skills - you can try your strength and on the ceiling.
    Photo 11. Reinforcement with steel grid.jpgIllustration
    Photo 12. Installed plaster beacons on concrete overlap.jpgBrief description of the operation
    Photo 13. Plastering the ceiling by lighthouses.jpgFirst of all, the room must be prepared for work. All unnecessary items are taken out of it so that they are not constrained by the freedom of movement around the room. Even at the most experienced master when plastering the ceiling on the floor, a considerable number of large and small drops of a semi-liquid solution falls (as shown in the illustration). To get rid of themselves from an unnecessary procedure for cleaning the floor surface from frozen "flashers", it is best to immediately be left with a polyethylene film. If heating radiators are already installed in the room (it is clear that they will not take it out), it is desirable to tighten them and their film - until the complete end of finishing works.
    Reinforcing gridIdeally, in the room there should be only pavements (goats, forests), providing the possibility of working at height with certain freedom of movement.
    Shp1It will be reasonable to protect against the solution and the windows installed indoors. For this, the usual transparent polyethylene film is also suitable.
    SP2The carved sheets of the film can be temporarily fixed on the frames with painting scotch.
    SP3A good master of his "Arsenal" should always be fine, in full readiness for work. Nevertheless, it is better to make sure that the rule has not remained from the past of the use of frozen fragments of construction solutions. Even a small suckling tubercle or influx will become a serious interference, which will negatively affect the quality of alignment of plaster. If necessary, the rule is cleaned with a hard spatula, but so as not to scratch the aluminum surface.
    Shp4.Purchased from pollution Rule is ready to work.
    Shp5.The working surfaces of all spatulas, cells, lulls and other tools and fixtures are not less thoroughly cleaned.
    Shp6.It is necessary to prepare a container for kneading plaster - it should be clean, without residue of an old solution. The supply of water will be required - both for the dilution of the dry building mixture, and for other technological and auxiliary need. This is especially true when the work is carried out in a new building, where the plumbing is not connected.
    Shp7.The surface of the ceiling also requires preliminary preparation. It is understood that all the repair activities have already been completed, for example, sealing interpanel seams, chosen, large holes, etc. On our portal there is a separate publication, telling detailed about the repair of the ceiling surface. But before starting plaster works, it is still necessary to walk along the entire surface with a spatula to consider all the desam particles of the solution or other solid inclusions adhered to the surface.
    Shp8.The next important stage is the priming of the ceiling. It is carried out in several techniques. First, it is necessary to apply the primer of deep penetration. It is soaked in the concrete and cracks located at the surface of concrete and cracks, fill them in, connects the microparticles, will create additional connections in the crystal lattice. All this will prevent possible cracking or exfoliation of plaster on the ceiling.
    Shp9.Printing is most convenient with the use of a special painting bath. The composition is poured into it, and it is closed and applied to the surface of the ceiling with a roller with a long pile. Surplus primers are pressed on the ribbed sloping surface of the bath.
    Shp10.Of course, it will be much easier to work, if the roller is equipped with a long handle (the best is a telescopic bar, which can be adjusted under the specific height of the room and the growth of the employee).
    Shp11The surface of the stream is covered with a primer completely, not missing even small sections. It often happens that the first layer of the soil in the individual sections of the ceiling is absorbed by the concrete surface, like a sponge. In such a situation, it should not be unreasonable - it is necessary to wait for the first layer, and then repeat the operation. Ideally, the primer should lie down and absorb a rich uniform layer - so high adhesion with construction solutions throughout the ceiling area will be provided. All further operations are carried out only after complete grazing.
    Shp12.It was only the first stage of priming. To ensure the maximum target of the plastering solution with a smooth concrete surface of the ceiling plate, it is necessary to be treated with its primitive composition of the "concrete contact" type. This, due to the fine-sided quartz filler contained in the primer, will make the surface expressly rough, perfectly holding the plaster along the horizontal plane.
    Shp13.Apply "concrete contact" can also be a roller or brush (the brush can especially be needed for hard-to-reach places). The composition is usually much thicker than ordinary primer. In addition, the manufacturers most often give a certain color tint - white, pink or other, with such a calculation so that the processed surfaces stand out on a general gray background are clearly visible. This reduces the probability of skipping any area to almost zero. Further operations are transferred after the complete frozen of the applied "concrete contact".
    Shp14.The next most important stage of work is to set the system of beacons that will provide the creation of a single level plane, accurately spacked horizontally. This allows you to level the differences in the level of inter-storey overlap, allowed during the construction of the house. In addition, the wires that need to be hidden in layer plaster are often attached to the ceiling surface. It should be borne in mind that the thickness of the applied layer should be such that the wires "drowned" in it at least 5 millimeters.
    SP15To carry out the necessary markup and the exhibition of beacons is most conveniently in the laser level - the plane builder. Such a tool has long and firmly entered the Arsenal of professional finishers. It will not hurt and the caretaker of the apartment - prices for laser levels in our time have ceased to be frighteningly high. Especially since now we are talking about plastering the ceiling, then the owner of the apartment is still at the very beginning of finishing works, and such a device is useful at all other repairs stages. In any case, you need to try to at least rent it for a while. Such a level can be accommodated at the stream (hovering on the wall on the dowel scored in it or installing on a special barbell). The beam tasks the desired, strictly spacing the horizontal plane immediately to the entire room from which you can "dance" when setting up a beacon system.
    Shp16.There are several ways to place beacons. In any case, special plaster bead steel profiles are used - usually for the ceiling are taken with a height of 6 mm 3 meters long.
    Shp17.In the first embodiment, the installation of a beacon profile is carried out directly onto the slides ("non-Plops") of the plastering solution. It applies the same plaster composition to be used in the future. Since the ceilings, as a rule, use plaster on a plaster basis, a solution is seized - fast enough. On the stream outlines the lines for which lighthouses will be located. The distance between the lines should be such that the rule is longer at least 250 - 300 mm. For a novice master, the Council is not to breed with each other, as it will be very difficult to cope with a rather wide interval without appropriate skills. Try to start aligning the plaster in the strip to 800 - 1000 mm. According to the planned line, a spreader of a plaster mortar is applied with a spatula of a 100 mm wide. On the projected surface of the ceiling they keep perfectly.
    Shp18.1.The step between such slides can be withstanding about 150 - 200 mm - this is enough enough to ensure that the profile does not bother with further work using the rule.
    Shp18.Then the beacon profile is taken (if necessary - it is cut down in length in the desired size), it is installed according to the intended line and is attacked into the slides of the plaster mortar. By this time, they will begin to slowly capture, and the profile must calmly resist them.
    SP19Starts the leveling of the beacon horizontally at the desired height. The laser level set a horizontal plane. The beacon is applied to the lighthouse, which is made (or being done in the course), the mark corresponding to the distance from the plane given by the laser to the planned ceiling plane. Now it is necessary or tortured, or, on the contrary, pull the beacon profile to yourself so that the casting on the square is on the ray line. After the point is exhibited, the solution is selected with a spatula on both sides towards the lighthouse, forming a neat slide. On the profile itself (on its working lower surface), the residues of the solution are removed.
    Shp20.A similar operation is repeated on each of the "nonsense" ...
    SP21.... with the "refinement" of the slide of the solution. It should be borne in mind that with a strong adjustment of one edge of the metal profile, it can sometimes be somewhat displaced the opposite edge and intermediate points. So it will be necessary to walk there and here several times, seeking to be perfectly issued a profile on a given horizontal line along its entire length.
    SP22.This is what the beaches look like. It is once again checked so that the droplets of the solution remain on the working lower surface. Then the beacons must be given time for complete grasp - only after that it will be possible to move to the surface to be plastered. This method of installing beacons most often use experienced masters, having a "hand-made hand." The newcomer at first can be a lot of face with the collection of profiles. Therefore, it will be easier for him to take into service a somewhat different way - using self-tapping screws.
    SP23.Its meaning is that two points always set a straight line. That is, if you set two fixed points of the support at the desired height, it will be easy to fasten a hard metal profile. On the luminous lighthouses in the ceiling, holes for dowels are drilled.
    Shp24.Plastic dowel-plug inserted into the hole ...
    SP25.... In which the usual black self-tapping screw is screwed.
    SP26.Now it must be screwed in such a way that the cutting caps fell on a predetermined level. If we take into account that there will still be a beacon profile, then the location of the slap cutting should be higher than the planned ceiling height by value equal to the height of the profile.
    SP27How to put a self-tapping screw? Nothing difficult - again for the rescue comes a beam of a laser level. An ordinary spatula takes - he will play the role of "screen" in this case. The spatula is pressed near the self-proof to the ceiling, and the band left the laser level beam will be not well on its working surface. Now - a simple task: spinning or, on the contrary, unscrewing the screwdriver to achieve such a position so that the lower cut of his head came exactly along this line.
    SP28.This is what happened in the end - the self-sufficiency is set at the necessary height. A similar operation is carried out with other points - at least two for each beacon profile.
    SP29.After all the screws are exhibited, you can spend a simple, but very visual check. Between the self-drawing, by the level of the lower end of their caps, stretching the white thread. If everything is performed correctly, then the thread will be highlighted in a red laser beam throughout its length. If some kind of part was "in the shade", it means that an error is allowed, and it is necessary to check the "problem" point. A similar check can be spent along, across the room and diagonally to make sure the result obtained.
    Shp30.Now it will be completely easy to insert both lighthouse profiles. The required amount of plaster mortar is prepared. By the way, it should be noted that the installation of the lighthouses of a large amount of kneading does not require, and the unspent solution is not yet used. So you need to measure the prepared amount - the gypsum plaster grasps very quickly, and after that it comes to complete unsuitability.
    SP31You can apply a rule to self-stakes a rule - this will task the desired direction of the location of the plaster mortar.
    SP32On this line, places are scheduled for small strokes where the slides of the solution will be located. The distance between them is the same, about 150 - 200 mm.
    SP33.It is possible to remove the rule aside aside - the "non-fuzz" of the plastering solution of the required thickness is applied, somewhat greater than the height of the tapping of the tapping screws.
    SP34The beacon profile is attacked in the coated roller, so that it is reliably held in them.
    SP35Then the rule is taken, applied along the entire length to the beacon profile. Pressing on the rule, the profile is immersed in the slide of the solution until it is stripped into the head screws of the screws.
    SP36.The profile due to its design is quite hard, but still in order to completely eliminate its deformation, its consumption is carried out precisely using the rule, with a uniform load distribution over the entire length. As a result, the profile will take an ideal horizontal position, referring to the screws displayed in the level. Just and exactly!
    Shp37.Now it will remain just gently pick up the spatula of the slide of the solution, clean the working surface of the profile from plaster.
    SP38.Everything, the beacons are exhibited and left until the holder of the plaster mortar holds. In the future, the application of plaster is carried out by approximately one technology.
    SP39When the beacon system is in a state of complete readiness for further work, a plaster solution can already be prepared for the main operation. And again - it is not necessary to get involved, since the cooked plaster must be guaranteed to use for 30-40 minutes. In case of insufficiency, there may be a lot of waste - the term of "life" of the solution is rapidly, and the novice master simply does not have time to work out the prepared amount. So at first it is better to cook not too large portions.
    Shp40.A few words about the recommended plastering compositions. The traditional, proven time of the dry building mixture for plastering works in the premises is "Knauf - Rotband". This composition is accustomed to trusting by many more finishing professionals, and are not going to change anything else.
    Shp41Nevertheless, it is possible to meet the opinion on the Internet that the newcomer to work with the "Rotband" will be not easy, for the only simple reason that the plaster is very quickly grasps. Therefore, we meet the recommendations to "fill arm" on more "long-lived" compositions. For example, you can bring a mixture of the same company, but MP-75. She, however, is intended for machine application, but manually it is quite possible to fly the ceiling, and it "lives" is longer, almost twice.
    SP42.Finally, the finishers, and precisely for plastering the ceilings, a mixture of "Volma-canvas" is very popular. It perfectly falls on the prepared ceiling, creating a surface that, with high-quality reclining, final grout and glossy, will not even require further use of the finish putty.
    SP43.Whatever the composition is neither used, it should be prepared strictly according to the manufacturer of technology. Initially, the required amount of water temperature is always measured.
    Shp44.Then, the required amount of dry construction mixture is covered with water tank (and not vice versa!)
    SP45Naturally, the amount will mix should be proportioned by the volume of water filled earlier.
    Shp46.Then with the help of a construction mixer is made. It is necessary to achieve absolute homogeneity, without even the smallest lumps. According to the consistency, the composition must resemble a very thick sour cream. The solution scored on the spatula when turning must be kept on the shovel, rather than drain or disappear with lumps down. After the required consistency is achieved, there is a pause of 3-5 minutes, and then once again the final mixing is performed - and the plaster is ready for operation.
    Shp47.The plaster composition is applied to the surface of the ceiling on the site between the beacon profiles. Naturally the size of the site should be comparable to the masters' capabilities - it is necessary to have time to distribute it to the rule during the suitability of the composition. Therefore, immediately chase at a large area - not. The method of applying can be different. Experienced Master usually apply the outcast of plaster with the help of a trowel or spatula. With properly calculated movements and strengths, the slide of the solution falls around the other, well held on the surface of the flow, although the fall of individual kleks is still impossible to exclude.
    Shp48.In the beginner, such an outline may initially and not get acquired - too much solution will be on the floor. Therefore, you can approach and otherwise. For example, this illustration demonstrates that the master first attracts a spatula with an effort and distributes a thin contact layer of plaster. Well, then with the help of the same spatula, it lays up a thicker layer of solution on the ceiling, somewhat larger than the height of the installed beacons profiles. It turns out, of course, somewhat longer, but the waste is still minimized, and a good grip of the solution with the ceiling is also provided.
    Shp49.No matter how the solution was applied, the next stage is the distribution and alignment of the plastering solution on beacons using the rule. The rule moves through the guide profiles, and progressively along them, and with small movements to the left-right, to facilitate the alignment of the layer and the maximum full filling of voids.
    Shp50The same operation, but with a plaster mortar applied to the ceiling by sketch.
    Shp51It should not be assumed that literally from the first passage the rule will turn out to be a smooth surface. Most likely, the result will be approximately as shown in the illustration. The sinks and emptiness open, the region becomes noticeable, where the solution is clearly not enough.
    Shp52.There is nothing terrible in this. From the working plane, the spatula's rules are removed by an excess solution, and they are filled with "problem spaces". The alignment operation is then repeated. Already after the second passage, the picture will be much better.
    Shp53.So repeat as many times as it is necessary to get a surface aligned surface.
    Shp54.Only after that you can go on, to the next site, by checking it in the same order.
    Shp55.But when organizing such a job, it must be borne in mind that in about an hour it will be necessary to return to the aligned site. The plaster solution is already grabbed during this time, and two important operations must be carried out. First, the surface is "closed" with a wet sponge - the most convenient to use a special tool, like a plastering grater with a foam coating. "Cash" is produced without strong pressure, circular motions. The surface layer of plaster is moistened, prepares for the next operation. For clutch, use conventional water, although some masters advise to apply a liner with water diluted with water 1: 1 of deep penetration primer - this will increase the surface strength of the plastering layer.
    Shp56.Immediately after such moisturizing and wet grout transfers to the glossy. This operation is performed by a wide spatula - the wet surface is smoothed and brought to ideal evenly, to the "gloss". If minor shortcomings are revealed during the work, now it's time to fix them, adding there, where it is necessary to, a little plaster mortar.
    Shp57.After the entire surface of the ceiling is plastered, the solution completely grabbed, the beacon profiles must be removed. It is necessary to remove them: first, it can catch a rust, and secondly, a completely uncomportable linear expansion of the metal and plastering plaster will sooner or later lead to the appearance of a crack on the lighthouse line. Light profile is attached to the spatula ...

    ... and then neatly, slowly, completely removed from the plaster layer. If screws were used, they are also desirable to unscrew the screwdriver or screwdriver.

    The ceiling remains the groove. Initially, it is necessary to accurately clean the edge from the fragments protruding to the spatula.

    Then the desired number of plaster mortar is prepared, and the ditch is filled with a spatula.

    • Further, alignment is carried out with the overall level of the ceiling - a wide spatula is underway. After setting the solution - they perform the "coverage" and shiny on this line, achieving an ideally smooth surface.

    Shp58.As a result, the ceiling becomes perfectly even smooth, without any level drops. Visible on the illustration of the stains on the ceiling - it is simply unevenly proteged by plaster, but not the surface defect.

    Everything, the plastering of the ceiling is completed. After complete graze, it is ready for any further finishing operations. Only one question remained unexplained - and how much dry construction mixture will need for plastering the ceiling? We hope that the reader will satisfy the answer, which he will receive with the help of the online calculator located below.

    • Calculator calculating the amount of dry construction mixture for plastering the ceiling
    • The initial values ​​for the calculation will be:
    • Ceiling area. For a rectangular room, it is not difficult to calculate it.

    And what to do in more complex cases?

    If the room has some special configuration, you can apply different approaches to the calculation of its area. All this is described in detail, with the application of convenient calculators, in a special publication of our portal

    "How to calculate the area of ​​the room"

    The planned minimum thickness of the plaster layer - depends only on the specific conditions of the premises and the desires of the owners. As a rule, a layer is less than 5 mm when plastering is not applied.

    The magnitude of the height of the ceiling, which needs to be eliminated by plastering.
    The magnitude of the height of the ceiling, which needs to be eliminated by plastering.
    The degree of qualification of the wizard. The professional will go into waste not more than 5% of the solution, and the newcomer at first can and 15% of the reserve are not enough.
    The degree of qualification of the wizard. The professional will go into waste not more than 5% of the solution, and the newcomer at first can and 15% of the reserve are not enough.

    The resulting value will be initially expressed in kilograms. But dry plaster mixes are implemented in paper bags of 25 or 30 kilograms, and acquire an open bag is a great stupidity, since no one can already guarantee the quality of the solution. So, one way or another will have to round the amount of acquired composition in a large side to a whole number of bags. This stock will not be superfluous - all repairs are still ahead! It is also taken into account the calculation program.

    Go to calculations

    Plastering ceiling of plasterboard
    Plastering ceiling of plasterboard

    Some features of plastering other ceilings

    Wooden ceilings

    Mesh for plaster ceiling
    Mesh for plaster ceiling
    Shp59.
    Mesh for plaster ceiling

    Stucco on a wooden ceiling

    Before applying a plaster mixture to the ceiling, a metal mesh is attached, having the sizes of cells 100x100 mm, or a two-layer duncan is stuffed so that the nails hats do not go beque. This is done to avoid cracking and sinking plaster, especially if there is a residential attic or the second floor in the house. The plaster is applied in two layers, each of which is thoroughly spacked by a spatula and dry out.
    Before applying a plaster mixture to the ceiling, a metal mesh is attached, having the sizes of cells 100x100 mm, or a two-layer duncan is stuffed so that the nails hats do not go beque. This is done to avoid cracking and sinking plaster, especially if there is a residential attic or the second floor in the house. The plaster is applied in two layers, each of which is thoroughly spacked by a spatula and dry out.
    Shp60.1.
    Plaster mixture
    Plasterboard ceilings
    Plasterboard ceilings

    The process of plastering sheets of plasterboard is in filling the dentin, the joints of the construction mixture. In the case when the gaps between the plasterboard blocks are significant, experts advise the use of sulfays at the necessary sites. However, it should be remembered that the maximum thickness of the layer on the unclosed grid areas cannot exceed 15 mm.

    Application of decorative plaster

    Decorative plaster

    Repair of any room, whether it is a residential or office, starts with the ceiling. Regardless of which finishes are provided for design project: Tells, painting, or decorative panels, the processed surface must be prepared for all the rules.

    Repair of any room, whether it is a residential or office, starts with the ceiling. Regardless of which finishes are provided for design project: Tells, painting, or decorative panels, the processed surface must be prepared for all the rules.

    There is also the so-called decorative decoration of the ceilings at which the surface being processed by the plaster does not sweat. This method of finishing allows you to get an interesting texture and unusual design solutions, especially when combinations of various application techniques.

    1. Ceiling decorated with decorative plaster
    2. Relief texture of decorative plaster for the ceiling
    3. Plastering and treated with sandpaper grain grain R150-170 Ceiling is ready for further work. As a rule, it is impossible to align the surface "under zero" without using putty.
    4. Video - Stucco Ceiling with your own hands
    How to repair the ceiling? This question is often asked to themselves owners of houses and apartments, planning to make repairs in the premises on their own. The finish methods are quite a lot, so choose the appropriate option is difficult. The problem of the ceiling trim can be solved by installing a suspended design or installation of the stretch ceiling. If you do not want the ceiling height to become less, it is best to give preference to traditional technologies.

    How to repair the ceiling? This question is often asked to themselves owners of houses and apartments, planning to make repairs in the premises on their own. The finish methods are quite a lot, so choose the appropriate option is difficult. The problem of the ceiling trim can be solved by installing a suspended design or installation of the stretch ceiling. If you do not want the ceiling height to become less, it is best to give preference to traditional technologies.

    Of course, plaster works are not chosen as often as it was before, and there are several reasons for this.

    The ceiling finish is a rather complicated process. A person who has no experience in the construction sector and has not been prepared, unable to perform work. But to carry out the installation of a plasterboard ceiling may even begin the builder, although the quality of the installation remains doubtful.

    Plastering the ceiling refers to the works that can be called dirty. The wizard during decoration is used liquid solutions. When they are applied to the surface, splashes can rope clothing, hands and face. The solution often falls on the floor and walls.

    1. In some houses, the ceilings are very uneven. If the height difference is great, then be prepared for high costs for leveling materials.
    2. You can fulfill all the work on your own, but in the absence of skills without the help of experts can not do.

    Types of uneven ceiling coverage

    What to pay attention to

    The plastering of the ceiling is a repair process consisting of a number of stages. If you do not want to be disappointed as a result of plastering work, then all the nuances should take into account. Preparation is very important, and the plastering process itself should be carried out in strict accordance with the technology.

    Start with careful inspection of the ceiling. You must choose the best way to repair, taking into account the recommendations of specialists. Pay attention to the following points.

    If the ceiling is uneven, the height differences in its different points make up more than 5 mm, then it is better to choose not plaster, but putty. The fact is that plastering such a surface will require large financial costs.

    With a more significant difference in heights, for example, when the difference between two points reaches 5 cm, it is not necessary to choose shocking. The easiest way to stop your choice on the stretch design or mount the suspended ceiling.

    With a more significant difference in heights, for example, when the difference between two points reaches 5 cm, it is not necessary to choose shocking. The easiest way to stop your choice on the stretch design or mount the suspended ceiling.

    If you study the ceilings in the premises, most often fixed a small drop. The stucco makes sense to use if it ranges from 2 to 5 cm. Remember that plastering is a rather complicated process. With an increase in the layer thickness, you will have to spend more time and effort to work.

    How to prepare a ceiling to shuttering

    The easiest way to make repairs, if you bought the room in the new house. Plastering the reinforced concrete slab in the new building you can in a short time. But most often there are situations when it is necessary to repair the ceiling after numerous gluts. Prices for plaster
    plaster

    plaster

    We make notches on the ceiling
    The work is complicated by the fact that in most cases it is necessary to deal with mold and large differences. In addition, for the formation of a smooth ceiling, it is necessary to remove deep cracks, which can often be observed between the plates. It is impossible to make the ceiling smooth if you see that the old plaster broke or crept. From all of the above disadvantages, it is necessary to get rid of, only after that it makes sense to start repair work.

    The work is complicated by the fact that in most cases it is necessary to deal with mold and large differences. In addition, for the formation of a smooth ceiling, it is necessary to remove deep cracks, which can often be observed between the plates. It is impossible to make the ceiling smooth if you see that the old plaster broke or crept. From all of the above disadvantages, it is necessary to get rid of, only after that it makes sense to start repair work.

    Table. Removal of old plaster.
    Steps, illustration

    Steps, illustration

    Description of action
    Step 1

    Step 1

    First you need to moisten the ceiling with water. Having done this, wait 2 or 3 hours, and then wet again. This method is very effective. First, you are divering the surface, it will work comfortable. Secondly, the old stucco will soften well.
    Step 2.

    Step 2.

    Take a hard spatula, remove it the old plaster, carefully scraping it from the surface. Remove the plaster until the concrete overlapping appears. If the plaster is badly moving, take the perforator. Special attention is paid to the seams between the plates.

    Step 3.

    Thoroughly rinse the ceiling. This can be done with a sponge that you need to pre-lay in water. So you effectively remove the dust remaining from the lime or cement.

    Step 4.

    1. Take the time to dry the ceiling. Buy an antiseptic solution and apply it to the surface - so you remove the fungus and prevent the appearance of mold. The antiseptic is to overflow into a separate container. To apply it to the surface, buy a foam roller. Many premises for repair apply an antiseptic only on the affected areas. But experts recommend to process the entire ceiling with antiseptic solution. The cost of buying an antiseptic is minimal, and the effect of its use is long. It is best to stay on the soil-antiseptics.
    2. Step 5.
    3. Apply an antiseptic solution, wait for the ceiling complete drying. After that, apply primer. Choose the one that penetrates deep into the pores. This material is greatly collapsing, significantly strengthening the surface.
    Shp60

    How to choose the case

    Modern ways of plastering have nothing to do with the old, used earlier. Then the builders preferred mixtures from sand and lime. It was difficult to work with such solutions, labor costs were very large. Only experienced masters could be qualitatively plastering the ceiling.

    Nowadays everything has changed. Manufacturers offer gypsum solutions that have significant advantages.

    Such plaster solutions rarely form cracks, do not fear the building shrinkage.

    It does not matter what the surface you are going to apply plaster. The adhesion is strong, it is very important if the newcomer will be engaged in shuttering.

    Material is environmentally friendly, it does not affect health. You can safely use gypsum solutions, engaged in the repair of the ceiling in the children's room. Primer and gypsum plaster for internal works "Knauf Rotband"
    You can buy a solution in a specialized store, product prices are available. All the mixtures are supplied to the market in the ready-made form, you only need to add water, observing the proportion. Prices for the plaster "Knauf Rotband"
    Plaster "Knauf Rotband" Table. The composition of various solutions for shuffling.
    Solution Structure

    Lime

    Lime dough

    Lime-gypsum

    Lime-gypsum

    Lime Dough and Gypsum

    Plaster plaster The mixture consists of plaster and mineral supplements

    How to install beaches

    How to install beaches

    In order for the surface to be perfectly smooth, install special beacons. With their help, you easily determine the horizontality. It is the installation of profiles ensures that the ceiling will turn out without drops, the surface quality will be high. Today you will find on sale perforated metal profiles.

    In order for the surface to be perfectly smooth, install special beacons. With their help, you easily determine the horizontality. It is the installation of profiles ensures that the ceiling will turn out without drops, the surface quality will be high. Today you will find on sale perforated metal profiles.

    Lighthouses for alignment of ceilings Installation of beacons is carried out in stages.

    Step 1. First, determine which place the ceiling is the lowest. Carefully measure the height to find out the distance from the floor to the ceiling. Determine the lowest angle - this place will be the starting point. Install the laser level by which you define the horizontal.

    Installing beacons on the ceiling

    Installing beacons on the ceiling

    We define the lowest angle of the room

    Another way to perform markup

    Step 2.

    The mortar is mixed with a building mixer to a homogeneous state and is left when the lid is closed for 15-25 minutes, after which the mixers are re-stirred.

    The mortar is mixed with a building mixer to a homogeneous state and is left when the lid is closed for 15-25 minutes, after which the mixers are re-stirred.

    After that, set the profiles, they need to be placed on the ceiling by the walls, mounting on the opposite sides. In order to secure profiles in place, use plaster plaster. It is best to apply slaps. Wait a bit, and after tension between the two thread profiles. Make several rows - so you get a new plane.

    Step 3.

    The next step consists of mounting intermediate beacons. They need to be mounted with a certain step (from 20 cm to 180 cm). Many are interested in why you need to postpone not more than 180 cm? The fact is that the most important rule is produced in a length of 2 meters. The remaining 20 cm can be considered a margin. So you can easily block the distance between two lighthouses located next door.

    The next step consists of mounting intermediate beacons. They need to be mounted with a certain step (from 20 cm to 180 cm). Many are interested in why you need to postpone not more than 180 cm? The fact is that the most important rule is produced in a length of 2 meters. The remaining 20 cm can be considered a margin. So you can easily block the distance between two lighthouses located next door.

    How to apply a solution to the surface

    Buy the finished mixture. Add water to it, focusing on the instructions of the manufacturer. Please note that the mixture is added to water, and not vice versa. For mixing the mixture, it is recommended to use a special building mixer. If it is not, you can take a conventional drill, but in this case you will need a mixer nozzle.

    The fracturing solution should be applied to the space between the beacons. Work is easiest to work with a spatula, choose the medium length product. Repeat the procedure as many times as it is necessary that the surface is completely filled. It is recommended to do so that there is a small excess leveling material. Very good when he protrudes a little beacon. Subsequently, you can remove the surplus using the rule. To do this, lead it zigzag, moving on themselves.

    You should not make a layer thicker 2 cm. If the height difference is more pronounced, then it is best to apply a mixture in 2 layers. After you apply the first layer, wait. Plaster must dry completely. Only after that you can proceed to the re-applying solution.

    If you want to increase the strength of plaster, ensure that it will not be peeling, then you need to put the grid between the layers. It is placed after applying the first layer of the solution, without waiting for its drying.

    If you want to increase the strength of plaster, ensure that it will not be peeling, then you need to put the grid between the layers. It is placed after applying the first layer of the solution, without waiting for its drying.

    On the photograph of the plaster network

    Laying the synthetic grid, pay attention to the location of the two bands. Place the material so that a turn-in 10 cm wide formed.

    Then, when the solution is driving, remove the beacons, and emptiness remaining instead of them, close the same solution.

    Surface leveling

    Surface leveling

    After the gypsum solution is dry, you can proceed to the final stage. It consists in a careful grinding of the ceiling, without which the surface will not be perfectly smooth. After that, you need to apply another type of plaster, which is called the finish.After the gypsum solution is dry, you can proceed to the final stage. It consists in a careful grinding of the ceiling, without which the surface will not be perfectly smooth. After that, you need to apply another type of plaster, which is called the finish.

    How to do luzgi

    Of course, plaster works are not chosen as often as it was before, and there are several reasons for this.

    This material is consumed minimally, because the mixture must be applied by a very thin layer. In order to align the surface, use sandpaper. Buy sheets with a small fraction, grinding process will not require great effort. Ready ceiling cover with primer.

    Prices for finishing plaster

    Finish plaster

    Final grinding ceiling

    Final grinding ceiling

    Leveling the ceiling with your own hands

    The article about the methods of alignment of the ceiling together with step-by-step instructions you will find here! We also recommend reading how to remove whiten from the ceiling quickly.

    Many masters offer to finish the ceiling to use Venetian plaster. But the mixture should not be used to finish surfaces in the toilet and bathroom. The fact is that when even a small amount of water, such plaster will be spoiled. We'll have to completely redo the coating.

    Shp61

    In short - how can you align the stream?

    Prices for Venetian Plaster

    Venetian plaster

    Venetian plaster

    • To finish the ceiling in the kitchen, it is not recommended to buy mixtures that provide texture coverage. The smallest particles of fat and soot score all irregularities.
    • Video - how to plaster the ceiling
    • Align the ceiling in two ways: wet and dry. Dry alignment - installation of plasterboard, tension ceiling device, etc. The wet method is the plaster of the ceiling with a plating or plastering makeup. Watching - the most common leveling that will be considered in the article
    • Before deciding that choose better: plaster or stretch ceiling, it is worth considering the benefits of each of the options for a particular room. The use of wet alignment is appropriate under the condition of the height of no more than 50 mm. Since the plaster mixture has a significant proportion, the separation with a drop of pieces of heavy plastering trim can be dangerous. Therefore, if the height difference of the ceiling surface is large, resort to dry alignment.
    • If the construction flaws are insignificant, the surface is almost even, there are only small cracks and slits, the ceiling surface is put off, catching a layer 3-4 mm. In intermediate cases, the alignment is plastering.
    • Pluses of shuttering:
    • strength,
    • monolithic coating
    • Ecology,

    the possibility of washing;

    • No framework required,
    • long-term operation
    • maintainability

    Do with your own hands costs cheaper than the stretch ceiling,

    The decrease in the height of the room is slightly.

    Minuses:

    limited coating thickness;

    • Some work skills are required;
    • Maybe expensive, if you attract plaster specialists.
    • The question of what to choose - plaster or stretch ceiling, resolved in favor of shuttering. Consider the following question.

    What to plaster ceilings correctly, choose a mixture

    The right choice of plastering composition is especially important for plastering the ceiling.

    The main thing that should be provided is:

    Strong coating with a ceiling surface;

    The solution should not create difficulties when applied (be unnecessary sticky or fall off from the base);

    Shp62.

    The quality of the mixture should be maintained before the start of solidification (unacceptably stratification, the beginning of the sealing of the previously guaranteed life time).

    You also have to choose between the finished mixture and the composition of our own manufacture. In finished mixtures (minerals are usually sold as a powder), the composition of the components in which all the necessary additives, fillers and binders are included. Own production compositions cost many times cheaper. With them more troubles, but when complying with the basic rules, such formulations are not inferior to the purchase.

    The size of the fractions can suggest which SS (dry mix) offers the seller - the plated (fraction size less than 0.3 mm) or plastering (up to 2.5 mm).

    Solving what to choose the mixture, you need to remember the climate of the plastered room. For wet premises, simple gypsum compositions are not suitable. For a country house, in which they live only in summer, it is more correct to choose compounds for facades.

    Shp63.

    Based on cement

    These mixtures are characterized by cheap, high strength, versatility, water resistance, durability. Universal, frost resistant. These are the pros. Of the minuses - unstopiness for vibrationloads, a long time of the durability, the hardening solution is easily covered by cracks if the rules for the preparation of the mixture and hardening are violated.

    The main type of cement applied as a binder is Portland cement. Also apply other species. In the cement solution often add lime to increase the plasticity. There are also cement-polymer mixtures. In the decorative compositions of the binder can be a white portland cement.

    Shp64.

    Weight specific solution higher than the gypsum mixture. The maximum thickness of the applied layer is less than allowed for gypsum. Well falls on a concrete base.

    On plaster basis

    Probably the most favorite view for plastexers. Gypsum is very quickly grasped, gaining strength. Of the advantages, there is a small weight of gypsum plaster, plasticity, naturalness, versatility (suitable for most base materials), non-presidency, good vapor permeability, low thermal conductivity, maintainability.

    Of the shortcomings, the main - fear of water, rapid grasp, low frost resistance. As the binder is well combined with lime. There are also hypsopolymer mixtures.

    2016-12-18_000157

    On clay basis

    Tools and materials

    The material is cheap, natural (you can draw hardly under your feet). Time-tested. Remover (dried clay easy to twist and use again). Creates a comfortable microclimate in the room. The best choice for wood ceiling finishes. Absolutely harmless. Clay stucco can be applied even with hands. Together with sawdust or straw creates warm walls.

    • Cons: He dries up for a long time, the increased humidity is held in the room, the permissible minimum layer of 10 mm, turns with abundant long-term moisture.
    • Modern formulations
    • Polymer solutions, although expensive, but durable, durable, elastic. Their adhesion is higher. Adheres to almost all types of foundations. Easily fit, quickly gain strength, are not afraid of vibrations and building sites. Do not fear moisture, racks for aggressive substances.
    • These include:
    • It is usually applied to a layer of up to 3 mm, so suitable only for smooth surfaces.
    • Support devices, scaffolding and tools:
    • construction trowel;
    • a set of spatulas, preferably with rubberized handles (steel, rubber, plastic different sizes);
    • rule or rack with a level;
    • trowel;
    • grater;
    • painting brush;
    • cord;

    Decorative plaster

    Mixer or sulter;

    roller;

    packag of square or rectangular section for a solution (large volume 15-20 liters);

    Plaster

    Serpenta;

    • sandpaper;
    • Gloves, mask or glasses, perhaps a respirator, specialist.
    • Go to the next question, no less important for the novice.
    • How to remove stucco from the ceiling

    Immediately note that if the old plaster holds well, did not lose its strength, it is not necessary to remove it.

    Remove completely or partially served the coating if it is:

    crumble;

    all covered with cracks;

    Primer and gypsum plaster for internal works "Knauf Rotband"

    "Blooms" (covered with mold);

    It does not hold well (it turns out when closing the deaf sound) and can fall off.

    With partial removal of the old finish, it is necessary to remove not only the problem areas themselves, but also adjacent areas for a distance of about half a meter.

    The first thing is to end the furniture, lay the floors, or other materials of the floor, de-energize the room. After a hammer is cut through the whole area. Part of the old coating falls off. Next, perform the work accordingly by the planned plan.

    Standard hand

    Use a spatula or a chisel, hatch, hammer. The spatula is pushing the edge of the coatings, then, acting on the spatula as a lever, chop out a piece of plaster. Sometimes on the instrument handle tapping with a hammer to drive a spatula for an old coating deeper.

    Twicted ceiling

    Gypsum decoration is removed after wetting with warm water (use brush, cloth, roller). They give time to disconnect, then scrape a spatula or scraper.

    The finish, made on top of the drywall, is impossible to tap. Choose a place on the sidelines, open a career of the trim to drywall. Then, applying the cuccant, acts similarly to techniques with a spatula, trying not to damage the cardboard.

    The "tricky way" of the removal of plastering "casing" is also used: instead of soaking, the softening composition is used. It is prepared for this: 2 tablespoons of starch are bred in a liter of water. The tool is applied to a brush for plaster coating. After 15 minutes, they remove the plaster with a spatula. If not the entire layer is removed, the means is used again.

    The coating that keeps is tightly removed with a chisel and hammer.

    Mechanical approach

    How to remove old plaster, firmly holding onto the slab overlap? It is removed by a perforator, instead of which you can use a drill with a lamination nozzle. Also used grinding machine (stalled to the base).

    With the help of the grinder, the layer of plaster on the squares is cut, and then consistently chop with a chisel and a hammer. Work hard, dusty. Need steady support and protective equipment.

    • Removing plaster from the ceiling is a difficult thing, it is necessary to work in an uncomfortable posture. Therefore, if there is an opportunity, it is better to leave an old coating.
    • How to plaster ceiling
    • In order for the plastered surface, there were no cracks, of various origins of the spot, there were no falling off areas, the shuttering should be performed correctly.
    • So correct:
    • The thickness of the plaster layer is chosen in accordance with the type of composition, the base material, the degree of curvature of the ceiling surface.
    • So the minimum and maximum layer thickness for different mixtures is:

    For cement mixture - 10-50 mm;

    • for gypsum - 15-25 mm;
    • for gypsum-sand mortar - 10-25 (with a reinforcing mesh to 35 mm);
    • for clay and sand - 10-35 mm;
    • for clay-cement-sand - 15-35 mm;
    • For decorative mortar - 10 (no less recommended to serve longer).
    • Depending on the material of the base:

    Concrete is smooth - 2 mm (with differentials - 20 mm, they make a large thickness only with reinforcement);

    Surface preparation

    Brick - 5 mm (for alignment - 20-25, with reinforcement up to 50 mm);

    aerated concrete - 2 mm (uneven - 8-15 mm);

    Insulation with the use of sickle - two layers in the amount of 25-35 mm (under a sulfandon 15 mm, over 10-20 mm);

    Insulation with the use of sickle - two layers in the amount of 25-35 mm (under a sulfandon 15 mm, over 10-20 mm);

    tree (two layers), upper layer - 15-20 mm;

    Cracks and ceiling seams are recommended to squeeze. The surface exempted from the layers of the old coating should be developed by a coarse sandpaper P80 to remove the irregularities and the remaining pieces of plaster. In addition, sandpaper is not better than it allows to prepare a ceiling to priming.

    Plasterboard - 1.5-10 mm.

    Ceiling plaster cement plaster

    If the thickness of the plaster layer is less than 6 mm, then shocking is performed without lighthouses. If after plastering planning the wallpaper on the ceiling, the surface of the plaster layer is watched and grind.

    Old wallpaper, paint, screws, nails and other metal parts are removed. You also need to remove whitewash, old plastering. The surface is cleaned of dust.

    The newcomer is useful to know how to close cracks on the ceiling, seams and other defects. Cracks and seams are expanded, clean the sand and dust with a metal brush. After removal of the dirt, the primer composition of deep penetration is applied with brush. After 24 hours, the cement mortar layer is superimposed into which the reinforcing grid is heated. A solution is again applied on top of the grid, the solution is again applied, they give a completely dry, apply the second layer.

    Installation of Mayakov

    Removing whitewings and climbing cracks

    Traces of rust, mold, fungus remove, wet sponge. Then processed by special compositions. Cement mortar

    Plaster ceiling plaster mixture

    The primer ceiling in front of the plaster is made by the compositions suitable simultaneously for the base materials and the solution. For example, a smooth concrete ceiling to increase the clutch is covered with primer concrete contact. In order to rejuvenate porous materials capable of pulling water from the plaster mixture, use a deep penetration agent. The composition is applied by roller in two passages. Each layer is dried over 24 hours.

    Preparation of plastering mixes

    The composition is prepared immediately before performing shuttering. The finished mixtures are stirred before work, if necessary, water is added, not exceeding the volumes specified on the packaging. Dry mixes are poured into a container with poured water (the volume is indicated by the manufacturer). Stirring produce a mixer to obtain a homogeneous mass.

    Clay stucco

    The solution is covered, give 20 minutes to stand, stirred again. For mechanized ceiling plaster, the mixture is poured into a special compartment. The preparation of the mixture occurs in automatic mode.

    Before installing beacons, the lines of their installation and the ceiling are drained to check the accuracy of its plane. In the corners, nails are driven, the hats of which will be removed from the surface on the thickness of the plastering (approximately taken to start).

    Through the Hats, the wire cord is tightened, which check the presence of convexities. Found bulges cut down. If this is not possible to do, they pull out nails on the magnitude of the height of the bulge + the minimum allowable thickness of the plaster layer.

    Polymer solutions

    Pulling the wire cord

    On a convex place, a nail is hammered by a rule with a level on the line for lighthouses, a nail is robbed, starting to form a horizontal plane of the future ceiling surface. By installing the first nail on the lighthouse line, clog the second nail on the same line, following the second and first nailing caps in one horizontal.

    After putting it off, the number of nails needed for the installation of the number of nails are embarking on the installation of metal, wooden or plastic lighthouses, or to the manufacture of beacons from the solution. To set the lighthouse planks along the markup line, brands are applied from a solution. Under the cord, stretched between extreme nails, is installed, combing in the brand, the lighthouse bar so that its top is in the same plane with a stretched cord.

    Installation of a metal lighthouse

    The bar is either fixed with a gypsum solution or nailed. The cord is removed.

    Tools and materials for plaster

    In the manufacture of beacons from a solution on nails hats set a rule or a wooden rail. A solution is applied along the entire length. Put perpendicular to the ceiling surface square spatula, cut off the solution protruding from under the rail (from one and on the other side). As soon as the solution is slightly grabbed, the rule is carefully removed. The ceiling surface remains a solving lighthouse of rectangular section.

    Making a lighthouse from a solution

    To the rule, when removing, did not pull the solution, it is lightly cooled in the longitudinal direction.

    Preparation of the ceiling and walls in front of plaster

    The distance between the beacons is made from about a meter to one and a half. Beginners are better to place lighthouses more often. Lighthouses (except for mortar) are removed after plastering.

    Flashing surface

    There are several technologies for which the ceiling plaster is performed. The mixture is applied by casting or spinning. Press the solution with a trowel. If plastering is performed without lighthouses, then the composition is applied by a spatula, smearing the mass on the surface. Application in this way the first layer is dried. Then they apply the second layer. When the applied solution clings, the ceiling surface is closed. Make it with a wet sponge, making circular movements without pressing.

    1. Technology plaster ceiling
    • Finish layer
    • The ceiling under painting should not be even smooth, but smooth. Visible pores are not allowed, which will manifest after staining. If the ceiling plaster do it yourself under painting, then the plastered surface is covered with a thin (up to 3 mm) layer of the crossbar or the finish mixture. It is more plastic, and the consistency of her eagerly.
    • Application of the finishing layer of plaster and tatting the ceiling
    • Apply it to a celma or spatula, holding a tool at an angle. It is waiting for the covering a slightly hardening, roll up, drilling along it, removing excess from the tool. This operation is called the ceiling tat. On the convex places, the tool is slightly pressed. First perform movements into a circular one, and at the next stage - straightly, without pressing. After grouting plaster, the ceiling under painting is dried and grinding sandpaper.
    • Step-by-step instruction on plastering ceiling with illustrations
    • First stage: We prepare the room, we remove the layer of old plaster, surface cleaning, repairing
    • Furniture clean out of the room, Paul we are dragging.
    • The room is dealers.
    • We remove the old finish (wallpaper, paint, bliss).
    • We remove metal items (screws, nails). Oil paint is insulating the remaining so that the solution with the solution is not rusted as a result of contact with the solution.
    Removal of old stucco with a scraper

    Wet sponge wash the mold, zapol, rust.

    We process spots with special needs.

    1. If there is an old plaster coating, remove, not forgetting to wear glasses, respirator for protecting the eyes, respiratory organs. Remove the coating can be in several ways (see above).
    • Clean the surface from dust.
    • We repair cracks, close the seams and holes in the cementing plates with cement mortar. Wide seams, the slots are extended, clean from dust, ground with a brush, fill in foam or rag with solution. We are plastered with a solution with a reinforcing grid (the serpent will not fit).
    • We are waiting, waiting for cement mortar.
    Removing the old plaster perforator

    Remove the old finish from the ceiling surface

    The quality of the preparatory work depends on how much the plastering coating will be held, as well as the appearance of the entire room (whether cracks will appear and come on the surface of the spots.

    1. Second Stage: Before plastering the ceiling with a ground surface

    Tool for primer prepare, following the manufacturer's instructions.

    • By typing the primer on the roller, we carry it on the ground surface, distributing uniformly rectilinear movements in one direction, without leaving spaces. Where the roller is difficult to process, use a brush. We expect complete drying of the printed primer.
    • We apply the second layer by driving a roller in the direction perpendicular to the previous application. Giving primer time to dry.
    • To increase adhesion, be sure the prepared surface
    • The surface of the surface not only increases the clutch strength of plastering with overlapping, but also strengthens the base itself. It affects the duration of trouble-free operation, monolith, finishing strength.
    • Third Stage: Install Lighthouses
    • This operation depends on how even the ceiling surface and the view of the entire room will be. In addition, it determines the consumption of plaster materials.
    Grinding ceiling roller
    In order to widely twist the ceiling part of the room, we determine the "plane of the ceiling horizon", creating the beam surface landmarks - lighthouses (see above). We purchase metal or wooden profiles.
    Installation of a wire cord
    Breeping to the wall at the lowest ceiling angle laser level gauge. On it, we will focus on the top of the beacon planks.
    Installation of a metal lighthouse
    With the help of a roulette and a plane, a laser, we find the lowest point of the ceiling overlap. You can also define this point using the cord. Point marked with a pencil. It will be decisive for the placement of lighthouses in height. The minimum height of the lighthouse profile is 3 mm, the thickness of the coating in the amount is 6 mm. So the top of the slats should be below the point by 6 mm.
    Lighthouse from solution
    We apply a pencil on the surface of the fastening line of beacons. Select the distance between them so that it does not exceed the length of the rules minus 20 cm.
    1. For fixing the plank along the line, we make brands - the squeezes of the gypsum solution. We apply a profile to the brands so that the tip exactly coincides with the "horizon plane". Excessive solution protruding over the profile, we remove the spatula. We give the time to strengthen the solution, while installing the lighthouse on the next line.
    • If the thickness of the future coating exceeds 2 cm, set the reinforcing grid.
    • Fastening laser level
    • Determination of the lowest point of ceiling overlap
    • Application of a pencil line fastening of beacons
    Technology plaster ceiling

    Lighthouse installation

    1. Fourth Stage: Preparation of a solution from SS to plastering
    • We pour into a square container intended for the solution, water in an amount is slightly less than indicated on the package.
    • Suck the whole mixture, which is in the package.
    • Immersed in the mixture the end of the mixing nozzle, turn on the mixer. Mix the contents of the container until the mass becomes homogeneous. If the dough is dismissed, diluted with water to the desired consistency. At the same stage, we introduce the kel if a colored solution is needed.
    • Cover the solution or lid mixed solution. We leave "to appeal" for 20 minutes. After that, mix again.
    • Cooked solution we produce until the end of life - 40 minutes
    • Fifth stage: plastering the surface.
    • We begin to apply a plastering solution between two lighthouses (first and second from the edge, and not between the angle and the first lighthouse). Fill with mortar
    • According to beginners, professionals are recommended, when applying plastering on the ceiling first we first apply a pin thin layer and immediately on top of it - the main amount of the solution already overlooking the light layer. The use of the contact layer reduces the amount of waste (decaying from the surface of the solution).
    Application of the finish layer of plaster and grout
    Rule pressed against beacons, movement towards yourself, stretch the solution. Excessive mass taken by the rule, we collect with a spatula and send it there, where the solution is not enough. We spend the rule several times until the entire surface is leveled.
    Removal from the ceiling of an old coating
    We continue the same way to plaster the ceiling for beacons until you turn off the entire surface. To align the solution between the extreme lighthouse and the wall, the rule we rest on two nearby lighthouse.
    Grinding ceiling
    Welcome sponge with water, moisturize the surface of a grasp solution (we carry out a sponge without pressing).
    Fastening laser level
    We gloss a wide spatula surface.
    Determination of the lowest point of ceiling overlap
    The spatula is submitted by lighthouses, remove the planks from the solution.
    Application of a pencil line fastening of beacons
    Fill the groove with a solution, moving with a wide spatula. Also urine and gloss. Walking on er is completed.

    Application of the contact layer

    Applying the main amount of solution

    Stretching the rule of solution

    Leveling solution rule

    Gradually dumped dry mixture;

    Extraction of planks from the solution

    Revealing the level of irregularity ceiling

    Filling the grooves with a solution

    Is the mechanized ceiling plaster possible

    Easy the plastering of the ceilings can be used by applying mechanization. For the mechanized plaster, the ceiling and walls are used by special ready-made mixtures, since the usual is unnecessarily harder, are not plastic enough and prone to sticking on the walls of the tanks, clogging the nozzle. Machine plaster is performed in one pass. After applying the mixture, alignment is performed manually.

    How to align the ceiling plaster

    If the surface is too far from ideal, alignment is produced by plastering ceiling by lighthouses. For the installation of beacons use a laser level gauge, a rule with a level. If the surface is almost smooth, alignment is made without lighthouses.

    Lighthouse installation

    Relatively smooth ceilings are plastered into several layers (two, sometimes in three). At the same time, one of the layers can be partial (plastering selective sections), the second is necessarily full. If the layer thickness is more than 1 cm, reinforcement apply. The grid is fixed on the surface with the tension before the start of shuttering. It should be inside the plaster layer.

    If the ceiling surface with large irregularities (more than 2 cm), the ceiling plaster for beacons. The composition is applied by a spatula (used medium width tool) so that the mixture performed over the lighthouses. Moving the rule zigzago-like, roll over the mixture. Excessive removal from the rules and attach to the sections that need to be replenished. Rule move towards yourself.

    Some features of plastering other ceilings

    ready solution

    A single answer to the question, "How to plaster the ceiling?" it can not be. Everywhere there are their nuances.

    Wooden ceilings

    Wooden ceilings

    It is necessary to get ready for the wooden ceiling plaster in advance. Two layers of drash are stacked on the ceiling or fasten a metal grid with 10x10 cm cells. Without this, the plaster layer will crack and weakly hold on wood.

    Application of the contact layer

    Each of the two layers applied dried. The first is superimposed so that he slightly towered over duch. The layers are smoothed by a spatula.

    How to stucify the ceiling of plasterboard with your own hands

    Plasterboard itself - finishing finishing material. However, junctions, nails hats can manifest after painting or wallpaper stickers. Plasterboard ceiling align, applying seam coating with sickle. The layer thickness makes no more than 15 mm.

    applying the main amount of solution

    Stucco on the ceiling insulation

    Sometimes the ceiling surface for insulation fasten the sheets of insulation (usually polystyrene foam). Then shuttering over the insulation is performed in two stages. First, the surface of the insulation is ground. Then the dry mixture is applied along the dried primer, to which the painting grid is imposed, slightly pressing it into the layer. Grid panels connect the flavored. After drying the first layer, the surface is reused and, after drying the soil, they apply a second layer of a more viscous solution. With this layer work as usual.

    The decoration of the ceiling decorative plaster is difficult due to the inconvenience of the situation, but not technique. The techniques are used as for decorative plastered walls. Newbies better practice on the walls. But if there is a successful experience, why not try to do the same with the ceiling?

    Start from any corner of the room, plastering the strip along the wall. So that the solution does not fly, immediately smear it on the ceiling. Pattern Apply the selected way. After completing the plastering, the finish is dried. If the decorative composition is not melted, then the next stage of work will grind, then the painting of the ceiling (you can also make a wave).

    stretching the rule of solution

    Manufacturers and Consumption

    As a rule, a novice is difficult to correctly navigate than plastering, what plaster is better. Therefore, it is easier to rely on the advice of professional plasters, as well as a reputation deserved by popular brands. For example, a mixture of Ceresit, Knauf, a Volma, Bolls, prospectors, a plovetonite is worthy of attention.

    In order for plastering work to do not have to be interrupted due to the lack of building materials, the approximate volume of the aligning plaster and putty for the ceiling is calculated in advance. The consumption of plaster is calculated by a simple formula, multiplying the area of ​​its ceiling on the middle thickness of the coating. The value of the average thickness is obtained by summing up the promresses at several points along the beacons and the division of the amount by the number of measured points.

    The resulting number increases (about the supply) by 20%. This is for beginners. Profi increase by 5%. We divide the amount of mixture to you 100, get the number of conditional squares (layer thickness 10 mm). Next, focusing on the manufacturers data, calculate the number of packages of the mixture, which you need to purchase the ceiling to align the ceiling with your own hands. For mechanized ceiling plaster consumption is slightly smaller. In the calculations, our online calculator leveling plaster will help.

    Errors allowed in work

    Especially frequent error - non-compliance with the technology of plaster ceiling. The result may be the appearance of shrinking cracks, bloating, deposit of pieces of coating, low strength. If plaster fell off, the reason can be wounded in poor adhesion or poor-quality seams and cracks.

    Leveling solution rule

    Spots on color plaster may appear as a result of breaks or acquisition of compositions from different batches. Shrinking cracks may appear due to draft during drying or too hot weather.

    Maintain plastering rules cannot be neglected.

    Repair coverage and care

    Plastering is simple. The surface of many modern compositions can be washed with a damp cloth, a sponge or soft brush. If somewhere locally plaster has received damage, then it can be repaired by the corresponding composition. Before repairing the plot is diverted and soaked. After that, the spatula is applied to the mixture, align.

    This article responds to a number of issues arising from a novice at the beginning of the repair work. Reply to the main one - "How to plaster the ceiling?" It is impossible, not allowing the answer to more private questions, for example, "What ceiling is better, tensioning, drywall or plaster?", "What is better from plastering mixtures - gypsum or cement?" And others. We hope that by reading the article, you learned the most important thing about how to launch the ceiling. The missing information, for example, in color, can be learned on other pages of the site.

    Extraction of planks from the solutionIn each apartment with different intervals, similar processes pass - the time of repair comes. It is forced on visual signs and quality or desirable, when it just wanted to refresh the room.

    In almost every repair, the ceiling is performed with wet plaster or in any other way. There are different options: to make suspended, just whitewashing as it is, prepare under the tile or wallpaper, paint or coat with plaster. It is the coating process that we will consider in this article.

    Decorative plaster on the ceiling in essence, the material is durable, able to please the eyes of dozens of years. But, if the technology is broken when applied, literally a year later, cracks are formed, sinking and the mold fungus develops.

    Filling the grooves with a solutionOf course, due to the circumstances, you are forced to start eliminating the defects. The type of work is determined by the degree of complexity - distinguish partial or complete.

    The first signs of defects and the beginning of the repair.

    Defects from application errors.

    Dranca on a wooden ceiling before applying plaster

    Such problems appear over a small period of time without explicit for that causes. Noticing the crack or sprinkling of the surface, proceed to the assessment of complexity. Cold the surface with a hammer or a painter, pass the old spatula. The primary task is to remove the pieces of plaster from the ceiling, which are badly held. They have long been peeled, voids of air were formed between them and the foundation. These places are defined according to the deaf sound. With a small plot, it is enough just to remove the weak surface to cover the area against a solution with fine sand or putty. Be sure to simultaneize the treated surface before new application. This will significantly increase its adhesion.

    Note: Over time, any ceiling has flavor properties or simply change its color. By replacing a small area, you can encounter a highlighted spot. It is critical only if the ceiling finish is decorative plaster. In other cases, all this closes on the finish.

    Plastering ceiling of plasterboardProblems after flooding from above.

    The dampness appears point, where the moisture pass has a smaller resistance. Partial repair of such ceilings is also possible. Weakened plaster on the problem area are removed, but additionally, it is necessary to clean the area around 50 cm. It will protect you from detachment and unexpected weakening. In this case, plastering ceiling plaster plaster plaster is plaster.

    Methods for removing old plaster.

    Standard manual.

    It was mentioned above that the inspection and exfoliation and exfoliation of the ceiling do it yourself from the old plaster. Durable areas such a process is difficult. Here is another approach, you should first wet them with water, gives it to be impregnated. Ceiling plaster with their own hands with a sponge, cloth or sprayer. When the surface was impregnated, proceed to the familiar stage of the chunk of the Cyans.

    Applying decorative plaster

    Mechanical approach.

    Very sophisticated areas, not to be removed to be processed by various electrical devices. One of them is a simple jackhaft perforator. Signing the nozzle-chisel into the nest, pass the complex area by removing the layer on the layer. The brand is the forefront. Putting a cutting diamond circle, pass through the cultivated area making small cuts. The distance between them should be 3-5 cm. After simply delete areas between the grooves with a spatula. When it is worth a very difficult task on stripping, resort to specialized techniques, they include a grinding machine to remove plaster. There are also sandblasting plants that wash out everything excess from the wall surface.

    Tip: wet the periodically processed surfaces with water, it will reduce the amount of dust.

    Stucco ceiling in concrete.

    Manufacturers of plastering mixesIn a new building, where there is no repair, plastering the ceiling is done with your own naked concrete. It is important at this stage to take into account all the technological features to subsequently fail with difficulties.

    The first thing is to consider humidity. It should be less than 3%, this percentage is achieved after 28 days of favorable conditions.

    If we apply plaster on a concrete ceiling with high humidity, a high probability of peeling will arise. Perhaps the accumulation between concrete and plastering salts. Weakening clutch, and mineral formations in them, dissolve gypsum crystals.

    Due to the fact that the new home did not fully give the shrinkage, the plaster ceiling with plaster plaster is not recommended. With the slightest displacement will go cracks.

    Preparation. Cracks on plaster

    1. First, the surface is purified from the slope of the solution and dust. If there are strong bumps or sticks out the reinforcement, they are cut by a grinder. If necessary, the ceiling is washed with water. To increase the grip of plaster with a concrete ceiling, it is a roughness with a metal grater.
    2. The next stage, a thorough congestion of the surface of the concrete. Task, increasing the properties of adhesion between materials. After the coating, the primer need to dry, at this time begin to prepare a plaster solution.
    3. Solution standard cooking technology. In the proportions indicated on the package, the mixture is stirred with water in the container. The solution must be broken for 5 minutes, for complete impregnation and maturation. After time, it is necessary to re-knead the trimmer or the electric drill. There should be a thick "paste" without lumps.
    4. Note: Do not prepare a lot of mixtures at once, calculate on the basis of the dried speed indicated on the package. Otherwise, part of the diluted solution will begin to be captured directly in the container if you do not have time to apply on time.
    5. How to align the ceiling by plaster.

    Prepare the ceiling to plastering, removing the old coating or processing the concrete, we proceed to the process itself. Plastering ceiling is done with your own hands under painting or another type of finish step by step, so as not to miss anything. I surely prepare the entire tool so as not to be distracted by searching when applying.

    stainless steel culma for applying;

    rule for alignment of the lighthouse plane;

    plastic containers for kneading and primer;

    • Electrode with a mixing nozzle;
    • Spatulas having different widths.
    • We proceed to the dismantling of the old coating.

    Remove the stucco from the ceiling as a rule takes the third part of the time of all works. Easy when you know exactly what layer is applied and what it consists of. But, if you moved to the old apartment and decided to make the ceiling plaster, expect multi-layered. Often, without removing the walls to the end, the wallpaper is glued, then leaving pieces of wallpapers stick to the tile, and after the remnants of the adhesive are applied plaster. This is a real problem, because each of these layers is removed in its own way. To help you list answering how to remove plaster from the ceiling of different layers.

    Plaster ceiling

    The composition of the layer and the way to remove it.

    Options for dismantling paint on a water-dispersed basis:

    Use a spatula in combination with a construction hairdryer, heating surface scrape it.

    An electric door with a metal nozzle will remove additionally layer of putty.

    Special fluid (DUFA wash), which applies to which in 30 minutes you can freely remove all the spatula.

    Dismantling lime blots:

    Frash in plaster on the ceiling

    Be sure to remove the blotch, it does not lie to it, at least qualitatively. The consequence is the sprinkle and the emergence of bubbles. Conducted to be a low coupling with whitewash. For removal, the surface is swollen with water and passing the spatula. Having reached the concrete, it is desirable too to rinse with water. The same actions are made when removing fine lime plaster.

    Plaster in complex places (corners and places of passage of heating pipes):

    A spatula with a hammer comes to the rescue, with which all irregularities are knocked down. It is important to remember that it is forbidden to clean the reinforcement and functional irregularities of the bearing slabs.

    Mold and other growths:

    Flooding from above plaster

    For such cases, it has long been invented. It is enough to buy a special mixture, spray it on the base of the ceiling. After the specified time on the package, everything is washed off with water. One of these mixes is called "HomenPoisto" from Tikkurila.

    Application procedure.

    As described above, in most cases, they cost a simple spatula, but it is better to use the old tool. Since upon completion your new spatula is very fastened.

    Note: When the layers are removed from the ceiling, be sure to remove the coating from the walls by about 2-3 cm from the top.

    Cleaning, proceeding with the primer. It is necessary to carefully predate the embroidered areas in places of pipes and corners. Use Knauf "Betokontakt" as a primer. In places with chips and disadvantages, first apply the mixture of cheaper, for example, Rotband plaster. Crew the entire array can be mesh for finishing the ceiling with wet plaster. It replaces all the coating, increases the adhesion with the base, significantly reducing the likelihood of peeling.

    Installing beacons.

    Work on beacons is the easiest and most effective way to align the ceiling by plaster. Plastering ceiling for lighthouses is especially important when the plane is very curved. Check your ceiling, you will probably need these guides too. Put the rule or long level, see how deviation from the horizon in some places gives your ceiling.

    Lighthouses are set at a distance of the length of the rules minus 20 cm. The stock is necessary not to move from the direction. To install them, you will first need to check the entire laser level by reading the markup on the wall at which you will be navigating at evenness.

    On this markup, a fishing line is tensioned or byproof threads. It will be your reference guide. Beacons are pinned on putty or plaster. They should in all places equally touching the strained thread.

    Rocking the old plaster

    The ceiling plaster for beacons is carried out by attachment, after which it is leveled by the tool by the rule. Read more about this technology in the article about the installation of beacons.

    Grinding surface.

    When the leveling layer is applied, be sure to learn the time of its complete drying. Many believe that it is not at all necessary to wait long, but it is important. If the surface moisture is more than 3%, then the likelihood of detachment of the next layer is large. After breathing drying, pass the primer, it is necessary after each layer, and not only first. So we increase the adhesive properties of the layers. It is advisable to apply the same primer that and at the beginning.

    Note: When you decided on which brand of plaster it is better to work, keep in mind that you need to the primer and putting the same brand. Also selected decorative plaster on the ceiling.

    Mechanical robbing plaster with ceilingAn approximate time of drying the primer coating is about 8 hours, it varies from the type of layers and the fluid itself. Read the instructions on the package.

    Finish layer.

    Having waited for the grasp of the primer, proceed to the final stage. Which closes the question of how to align the ceiling by plaster. Finish finally aligns all the remaining defects. It includes fine particles that fill all the pores and irregularities of rough plaster. As a finish, sometimes we use putty.

    Full drying of all layers in the aggregate lasts up to 3 weeks, you need to be patient if you do not want to re-trigger the work. Having finished with the finish, the ceiling decoration is made with decorative plaster. Here everything is limited to your fantasy, any textures and drawings, colors and reliefs. For example, textured plaster on the ceiling will give volume and relief.

    As you can see, the ceiling plaster do it yourself under painting or other decoration, the process is not the easiest, but quite feasible. The main thing is not to dwell on the floor and comply with all the recommendations of specialists.

    • Comparison.
    • The market presents a huge variety of options. Suspended ceilings of various colors and patterns, plasterboard structures defining unique forms and decorative coatings. What is better than the stretch ceiling or plaster? Often, before this questions get up with major repairs.
    • As always, on each side there are pros and cons. The plastered ceiling is a reliable and holistic coating that is difficult to influence external factors. When children are at home, it is better to choose plaster than stretch ceiling. After all, throwing the subject can be dedicated to the belt tensionable.

    But, the stretch ceiling is much cheaper than plaster and is being done in a short time. In general, it is only for a personal choice and solve it only to you.

    Cost and consumption.

    Consumption of dry mixes in the plaster ceilings can be absolutely different. There are many influencing factors, such as the flatness of the plane and the quality of cleaning. Picturely focus on the expense prescribed in the instructions. As an example, you can consider the average value:

    Black shutter plaster

    Plastering ceiling with plaster plaster has a flow rate of 1m2 about 9 kilograms at a layer of 10 mm;

    At cement plaster, the data is higher, an average of almost 17 kilograms per 1 sq.m.

    Decorative dry and liquid mixtures have consumption during the ceiling stucco much smaller. About 5-6 kg per square meter. All because there is no task to align the plane, just need to decorate. Application is made by a layer of 1-2 mm.

    Primer concrete ceiling

    Rotband cost is 360 rubles. For 30 kg bag. The price of other mixtures is approximately in the same category, the domestic manufacturer is always a bit dumping. The sizes for decorating can cost 2500-3000 rubles. For 25 kilogram bucket.

    Content:

    To carry out modern repairs before registration of the ceiling surface, it must be made as smooth as possible. One of the alignment methods is the plaster ceiling. It uses not too complex technology, but requiring accuracy. You can do this job if you wish yourself.

    Methods of ceiling overlap

    In practice, one of two technologies use - plastering the ceiling by lighthouses and without their use. The correct one is considered the first of the options, since then the ceiling surface is obtained lying in the same plane.

    But sometimes you can meet the ceiling, which has a large height difference. Apply to the surface 5-centimeter layer of plaster is dangerous, as it is most likely to fall off. Even if you do a few layers with the application of primer, there is no guarantee that the finish will hold.

    In the case when the ceilings are of great curvature, experts advise them to align them with mounting of suspended ceiling designs from plasterboard. True, not in all rooms height allows you to pick up 10 centimeters from it. In such a situation, you should not doubt whether to plaster the ceiling with the use of beacons.

    1. The essence of this technology is that on a certain section, the ceiling surface will become smooth. It will not be too noticeable drops, it will look even. And the fact that the distance to the flooring in different angles is different for a couple of centimeters, "to the eye" is impossible to determine.
    2. The main task that should be solved when applying this technology is to make the maximum smooth interface with walls. The resulting line should be straight. When applying this option, you need to start plastering from the walls to the center.
    3. Materials

    Tool for plaster

    Before starting repair, it is necessary to decide what is better to stucify the ceiling. You can use standard cement-sandy solution or add lime to it. Stuccoing is better to apply a small layer. Such a mixture is inexpensive, despite this, it is used in recently infrequently, since it can disappear or be covered with cracks.

    Instead of a conventional solution, it is better to use plaster based on polymers, as they differ in durable clutch and less frequent cracks. But these compositions have a drawback - high cost. Many homemade craftsmen prefer modern mixtures to then not redo the job when the applied layer falls.

    When choosing plaster for the ceiling, it will not hurt to take advantage of specialists:

    When plastering the smooth surfaces of the ceiling and walls, the mixture of the Rotband can be well established, having white or gray. It can be layered from 5 to 50 millimeters. Polymers are added to this gypsum plaster for the ceiling.

    To restore old plastered surfaces, including facades, a plaster-adhesive mixture of Knauf Seven-colored seven is suitable. It consists of portland cement reinforcing fibers and polymer additives.

    Dismantling whitewings from the ceiling

    If you have to use compounds in rooms with a normal level of humidity, you can purchase Bergauf Bau Interier or a canvas.

    In case of insufficient experience in conducting such work when making a decision, what to choose plaster for the ceiling should be paid attention to the time that will be required to froze the native mixture. During this period, it is necessary not only to apply the solution, but also to align it, because then it loses elasticity.

    Of the above plaster compositions, the greatest time period on the use of the mixture is available at a canvas-canvas, made of gypsum with biological and mineral additives. But not to all masters like working with this plaster, they give materials TM KNAUF, despite the fact that they are frozen for 50 to 60 minutes. True, it is quite enough, even if there is no appropriate experience.

    Application of primer

    There is a certain technology, how to plaster the ceiling correctly.

    The qualitative result will not work without careful applying the primer. It contributes to improved adhesion between the basis and the resulting solution.

    Stuccoing on the ceiling

    As a rule, problems with peeling plaster arise due to the fact that the surface has not been trunk. For this reason, this stage is better not to skip. If the plaster is superimposed in several layers, each of them should be processed by primer, and only under the condition of complete drying.

    First of all, the base is purified from old materials, and then soaked. The composition is poured into a greasy tray, take a roller on a long handle and distribute the composition along the ceiling surface. If it has various defects in the form of recesses and recesses, in which the roller does not fit, they are treated in advance with a brush, lowered into the primer mixture.

    According to experts, the best primer for the ceiling is "concrete contact" from the company "Knauf". A day after its application, it dries, after which a sticky, rough film is formed on the surface. The putty is much better cling to such a coating.

    Installation of lighthouses on the ceiling

    The main thing is to ensure that the dust does not hit the primer while it dries. Otherwise, there will be no such processing of the desired effect.

    1. Sealing joints plates
    2. The main problem that occurs, if necessary, plastering the ceiling made of reinforced concrete slabs, this seal the joints and rusts. Deepends in places of dusting plates need to be eliminated a few days before the start of plastering the entire ceiling surface, as the materials must be captured.

    First, from the locations of the docking remove everything that is possible. Then the recesses are purified from dust and sand. The jokes are processed by primer, it is better to use "concrete contact". After its application, the likelihood of detachment of plaster decreases several times. In the extreme case, you can use another impregnation of deep penetration, but the result will not be the result.

    When the impregnation is driving a day, begin to lay the solution. If it is necessary to obtain a thickness of putty over 30 - 35 millimeters, it is advisable to apply the mixture into two layers. After laying the first one with the help of a toothed spatula, you need to form a relief. After drying the solution, which goes about 24 hours, laid the second layer, which is aligned with the ceiling.

    If a thick layer of plaster has to be applied, the stakes of the slabs are better reinforced by a painting mesh. It will prevent the appearance of cracks in the case of seasonal plates. The grid to the ceiling is not nourished, and fasten the composition. In this case, when the first layer of plaster is applied, the polymer mesh is placed, the spatula is carried out, deepening it into the mixture and at the same time forming the relief for the next portion of the solution.

    It happens that the crack in the seam is too deep, and it is impossible to eliminate it in such a way. Then it is treated with "concrete contact".

    Next use one of two options:

    Grinding by mounting foam. Its amount should be about 1/3 of the volume of the slit, the walls of which are wetted for polymerization of foam with water. After a day, the primer is applied and plastering in two - three layers.

    The rag is wetted by a concrete and clogged into the gap. Leave for 24 hours and attached.

    To seal the stoves on the surface of the ceiling, use the composition with polymer additives or high-quality tiled glue.

    Finish plaster ceiling

    Features of the application of plaster for beacons

    If there are skills to prepare the surface of the walls, then it will be easier to cope with work. The fact is that the plaster of walls and ceilings has a lot in common, although there are still differences. The most difficult at the same time is the need to keep hands raised up. They quickly get tired, like the neck, because you have to throw the head.

    • Preparatory stage
    • Before you twist the ceiling with your own hands, its surface is cleaned from old materials to the most concrete base. After removing dust, using the construction vacuum cleaner. If there is no such device, then they use a large brush so that there is no sand and garbage.
    • If the ceiling is made from reinforced concrete slabs and there are large rusts in it, they need to be seen. When the solution is dry on them, primer is applied to the clean basis. A day later, you can continue to work.

    Stretch ceiling

    The installation process of Mayakov

    The first thing they do when they perform the ceiling plaster for beacons, they are installed. But first determine the minimum and maximum height difference using a special laser device - level. The plane builder is placed under the ceiling and turn on a horizontal scan.

    Then at several points measure the distance from the ceiling surface to the glowing beam. As a result, the maximum and minimum deviation value is determined. The plaster is placed in a layer, which has the thickness exceeds the largest deviation.

    how to plaster ceiling

    The same operation can be performed using a water level, but it will be much more complicated:

    First, at an arbitrary distance from the floor on the walls around the perimeter of the room, a horizontal line is applied;

    One end of the level is fixed at this mark;

    With the second, the room is circulated to lift the distance between the water column in the level and the ceiling, determining the minimum and maximum points in this way.

    After the layer is determined, the beacons are chosen - perforated

    Stucco Ceiling for Lighthouses

    Galvanized strips, whose backrests are. They will become supports for aligning the solution. The height of such a back can be 6 and 10 millimeters. You need to choose products in which this value exceeds the maximum deviation.

    Lighthouses are exposed in a step, a little less than the length of the rule - tool for leveling and cutting the solution. When its length is 1.5 meters, then the planks are plated with an interval of 1.1 - 1.3 meters. First, they retreat from the walls 20 - 30 centimeters and set extreme lighthouses. The remaining distance is divided so that the interval between the straps is in the specified parameter.

    A gypsum solution is used for fastening the beacons, kneading it thickly. Along the line layout line, small handles of this mixture are applied. Lighthouses are pressed in them, exposing their backs in the desired plane. If there is a level, the beam should slide from it.

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