What animals live in South America - mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds, insects and fish

House of hundreds of thousands of types of fauna and the largest rainforest in the world, South America is the continent with various natural climatic zones - from glaciers to the desert. The animal and plant world of South America consists of a huge variety of unique animals, some of which were evolved in relative isolation. Only a few million years ago, Panaman stakes were formed, providing a small migration corridor for South and North American animals. Below is a list and brief description of the bright representatives of the Fauna of South America, sorted by the following groups: mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds, insects and fish.

See also:

Mammals

Agouti

Aguti.

Aguti - rodent from the tropical forests of Central and South America, similar to a large guinea pig. Its coarse wool is covered with an oil substance that acts as a protective raincoat. On the back of the body, woolen cover is longer. Aguti has five fingers on the front paws and three on the rear. Like many rodents, they are elegantly walk on the fingers, and not throughout the foot.

Despite the fact that it is difficult to see, Aguti really has a tail: it is very small, similar to dark beans, glued to the back of the animal body.

Andean or spectacle bear

andskij-ili-ochkovyj-medved

The Andean Bear from South America is also known as the spectacled bear, has characteristic light spots around the eyes that may look like glasses and stand out against the background of black or dark brown fur. These labels are often distributed on the animal breast, giving each individual a unique appearance and help researchers easily identify this species.

This is the only kind of bears in South America, with a body length of 1.5-1.8 meters and weighing 70-140 kg. The males are 30-50% more than females.

Battleship

Nine-looking armadiole among flowers

Bremenities have a really strange appearance. Although most of the types of battleship look like, they have hair cover on the sides and stomach (for example, a nine-visible armor).

These animals have a shell that consists of strips. The number of stripes depends on the type of animal. Although the strips are hard, like nails, the shell is flexible, with softer skin, which expands and shrinks between stripes. Bremenities also have long claws for digging and searching for food. Their favorite food are termites and ants.

Overlap

Vydra.

Otters are the only serious swimmers in the family of Kunih. They spend most of their lives in water, so excellent for this adapted. Their smooth, streamlined bodies are ideal for immersion under water and swimming. Otters also have long, slightly smoothed tails, which move from side to the side and help them sail. Rear legs are used as a steering wheel to control the body in water.

Giant Murach

gigantskij-muuraved

The name is connected with the beloved food of this animal - ants. He has an elongated face that resembles a pipe. This unique animal of South America is the largest of the unfailed detachment. A giant ant similar size with a golden retriever, but thick and thick hair make its appearance more massive.

Gray anthole hairs to the touch as straw and especially long on the tail (up to 40 centimeters). It has a strip of white, red or gray, which begins on the chest and extends to the middle of the back. Under this strip is a dark collar. Hairy and fluffy tail is often used as a blanket or umbrella. The elongated head and nose of the Giant Murachda are well adapted for catching ants and termites.

Mountain lion

GORNYJ-LEV.

This wild cat from the Feline family (Felidae) , has several names: mountain lion, Puma, Cougar. But no matter how you call it, this is all the same animal, the largest subfamily small cats (Felinae) . So why is the bottom of so many names? The fact is that they have a wide range of habitat, and people from different countries gave them different names.

Early Spanish researchers North and South America called him Leon. (lion) and Gato Monte (Mountain Cat), from where and the name "Mountain Lion" went. "Puma" - this name went from the Inca. The word "Cougar" came from the old South American word Cuguacuarana. which was reduced to the name of Cougar. All these names are considered correct, but scientists tend to prefer the couch. In Southern California, they are usually called mountain lions.

Guanaco

Guanako.

Guanako - graceful animals, from the family of camels. They live throughout South America in a dry, open mountainous terrain or on the plains. Guanaco is calm, so people began to tame them.

Everyone knows how Lama looks like, but what is Guanaco? They have a slender body, long legs and neck, and the height in the withers is 1.2 meters. These animals are shorter and less than their relatives camel. Despite the fact that they seem sophisticated, Guanako can weigh up to 120 kg. Sexual dimorphism is expressed, males more than females. All individuals have thick, thick wool, which can be light brown, brown-yellow, or rusty red. Their belly, chest and backs of legs are usually white; Head, ears and headings - gray. These colors help guanaco to harmonize with their pasture and deserted habitats.

Capibara

Kapibara.

The Capibara is the largest rodent in the world, with a weight of from 34 to 65 kg, body length from 1 to 1.35 meters and a height in the withers about 60 cm. It has a long, light brown, thick wool and slightly refilled paws. It was originally believed that this is some kind of pig, but now it is known that Capibars are rodents, closely related to swine.

Kinku

Kinkazhu.

Kinka is found in the rainforest from the southern part of Mexico to Brazil. Its small paws have a little refigble fingers that end with sharp small claws. Dense, thick wool acts as a water-repellent cloak, and helps to keep the dry body of the animal. The tail is longer than the head and body, densely dropped and chain.

The scientific name of kinkagu is Potos Flavus. . It is approximately translated as "Golden Drinking" because it has golden brown wool and loves nectar. The general name of the kinkagu comes from the word, which means "Honey Bear", as this slim animal loves Honey very much.

Small cats

Koshka-Ontsilla-Na-Suhom-Brevne

Small cats are the subfamily of feline, characterized by the inability of individuals to roar due to the special structure of the sub-bandy bone. Many of them were not studied in a natural, wild habitat. This is due to the night of life and the remote habitat.

On the territory of South America there are representatives of the genus South American or tiger cats.

Monkey

Karlikovaja-Igrunka.
Dwarf Pink

Monkeys are magnificent, mischievous, and sometimes mysterious mammals. They have many different devices, depending on their habitat. Most of them are wood. Other kinds - McAki, baboons and mangabeys are more ground. All monkeys can use their hands and legs to move on the branches, but some wood monkeys also find the use of their tails. Tails that are capable of clamping the branch and retain the animal are called tenacious, as very flexible and can capture small objects, for example, peanuts.

The dwarf tool is one of the smallest primates in the world. The body weight is 100-150 g, the length of the body to the base of the tail 11-15 cm, and the length of the tail - 17-22 cm. They can be found in the springs of rainy forests of South America. The tail is not tenacious, but helps to hold the balance, when jumping from a tree on a tree. Dwarf toy can jump to one meter long. They move on all limbs.

Stembed

Belobrahiy Oposatsum is a representative of the family of opossums, infralassas of the stems.

This infrared mammals, known as the sophisticated. Young these animals are born underdeveloped, and then grow in a bag of mother, where heat and safely. Immediately after birth, the cub is attached to the nipple of the mother and does not let it go until it gains the required weight and does not grow.

Most of the sample females have a bag that looks like a pocket and opens from above, and some species have a tail. All the shortcuts have a good hearing and smell. They live on earth, some kinds of trees are well and are skillful swimmers. One of the types of south-American continent inhabiting on the expanses of the South American continent is a whitewind (see photo above).

Jaguar

Jaguar.

Smooth, powerful and elusive jaguars - revered animals throughout South America. Fascinating look and hunting skill earned them a prominent place in mythology and legends. Beauty, strength and adaptability cause respect for these animals.

Jaguars are the largest cat in a new light. Their images are found on the ruins along the entire Peninsula Yucatan, where they were the main figure in religious rites. They can dwell like trees and on earth, hunt in the afternoon, and at night. Today, Jaguar is still considered a symbol of power, strength, beauty and intelligence.

Amphibians (amphibians)

Muddy amphibians

beznogie.

Ruthless amphibians are tropical amphibians that are similar to large worms or slippery snakes. They have no limbs, and sometimes it is difficult to determine where the head is, and where is the tail. Their skin is smooth and brilliant, gray, brown, black, orange or yellow. Some species are tiny, scales.

Most individuals live in tunnels underground. Hard, fat, pointed skull helps these amphibians dig in soft mud. Because of their underground lifestyle, they have a low need to see or hear. Thus, their eyes are tiny in some species or hidden under the skin, or a skull, other species look like a tubercle.

Representatives of the following families live in South America: Rhinatrematidae, Caeciliidae, Typhlonectidae, Siphonopidae, Dermophiidae.

Cheeky

Drevolaz.
Dreams - bright and poisonous representatives of the detachment of taught in South America

There is a huge variety of types of adversely, each of which is adapted to life in its unique habitat, whether it is cool mountain slopes, groaning deserts or tropical forests. Depending on the species, they can be found in water, on Earth or trees, and there are different sizes and colors.

Drabs - a family of poisonous frogs, from the class are packed. They are famous for their bright color, which includes the following colors combinations: red and black, yellow and green, orange and silver, blue and yellow, green and black, pink and silver. Their bright color is not an indicator of beauty, but a warning that they are poisonous.

These are tiny, terrestrial, day frogs that live mainly in the fallen leaves on the forest litter, but some species inhabit high in forest can never go down. Their homeland is rain forests near the rivers or ponds of Central and South America.

Poison of Tedolas can cause serious swelling, nausea and paralysis of the muscles. If the predator survives after the emergence of such a frog, he will remember his mistake, and will not try to dine something like that in the future. Nevertheless, there is one snake, Leimadophis EpinePhelus. which has immunity to poison frogs and feeds on these minor creatures.

Reptiles (reptiles)

Anaconda

Anakonda.

The name of Anacond actually applies to the family (Enectes) But most often used to designate one species, green or ordinary anaconda. Member of the Falconium Family (Boidae) Green Anaconda from South America is the most severe snake in the world and has the greatest circumference in proportion to the length among all the serpets.

Green Anaconda, as a rule, brown-green, olive or grayish-green color with oval black spots. Bolivian anaconda is similar to Green, but it is found only in a small area of ​​Bolivia. Paraguayan anaconda has a drawing of enclosures, saddles, stains and strips (usually black or dark brown) on yellow, golden brown, or greenish yellow background. Dark-spotted anaconda is about the same size as Paraguayan, and has large dark spots.

Iguana

iguana.

Iguanas are among the largest lizards living in North and South America. Their tail is about half of the body length. Like other reptiles, iguana, cool, egg-standing animals with excellent ability to adapt to the environment. Types of iguan differ greatly in size, color, behavior, and their security status. Some species like ordinary iguana are quite numerous, while others are threatened with disappearance.

Crocodiles

Orinokskij-krokodil.

Cooling, with thick skin, and egg laying, an ancient detachment of crocodiles (Crocodilia) , some people are horrified, and other admiration, and perhaps both feelings at the same time. The fact is, the representatives of the detachment of crocodiles - alligators, crocodiles, Caimans and Gavuals - are an incorrectly understood group of animals, most of which face serious threats to their habitat, and people are hunting because of the skin. Of the 23 types of crocodiles, 7 are under threat of disappearance, and almost all are under threat of extinction in a certain part of their range.

Appearing about 230 million years ago, they survived dinosaurs, a glacial period, and much more, but almost did not change over time. Interestingly, crocodiles are more closely related to birds and dinosaurs than most live reptiles. Scientists put crocodiles and alligators in different families based on key differences between them.

Orinoksky crocodile - is not only the largest reptile of South America, but the largest animal on the continent. The length of the body of these reptiles can reach more than 5 meters, and a mass of about 400 kg.

Ivory or galapagos turtle

Slonovaja-Cherepaha.

Galapagos turtles are the largest land turtles in the world, among the now living reptiles. The males can weigh more than 227 kg, and the average weight of the females is about 113 kg. They have thick, strong legs to withstand body weight, but spend a lot of time lying to save energy. The color of the shell light brown. In various populations, the shell happens two species - domed and sadded. The domed shell is found in individuals living in highland areas with lush pastures. The saddle shell allows the turtle to be better to benthened to get a meager vegetation high above the ground or pull the neck, for food shrubs and cacti.

Birds

Andean Condor

Andskij-kondor

Anda Condor is the largest flying bird in South America. It is common in the majestic mountains and the valleys of the Andes. The body weight ranges from 7.5 to 15 kg. The length of the adult individual varies within 117-135 cm. Sexual dimorphism is expressed, males more females, have a characteristic comb on the top of the head and yellow eyes. The females of the eyes are red and there is no comb. Color feathers, on the neck there is a fluffy white collar. Secondary feathers are bright. The beak is elongated and rounded.

Ibisa

ibis

Ibis - marsh and terrestrial birds of medium, and large size. They have a long neck and legs, and males, as a rule, are larger than females and have longer beaks.

From the family of ibisov, on the territory of South America, the following types are common: Red and white Ibisa from kind Eudosimus, Point and finely caucasics from kind Plegadis, Representatives of childbirth Theristicus, Cercibis, Mesembrinibis, Phimosus.

Kholib

Kolibri.

The Hummingbird family includes the smallest birds in the world, and is one of the most numerous (consists of more than 330 species). These charming birds are found in the deserts, mountains and plains, but most of them live in rainforest. All kinds are relatives for North and South America and can migrate between continents. They publish a zuzhing sound, which will be obtained with frequent wings; Each type makes a different buzzing sound, depending on the speed of the wing blows. Hummingbirds, with its small weight, can fly during wind and rain.

Pelicans

Pelikan.

Pelicans determine fairly easy, because they are the only birds that have a bag under the beak used for fishing. Pelicans are big birds with short legs, and on land behave quite awkward. Due to the webbed paws, they are excellent swimmers. Birds use their beak to cover the feathers with waterproof oil from the gland at the base of the tail.

Pelicans fly perfectly, but in the absence of wind, the flight can be a challenging task for these birds. To get enough speed for take-off, the pelican must run on the water, waving the big wings and turning over the legs.

On the territory of South America there is a view Pelecanus Thagus, Which until 2007 was considered the subspecies of the American Brown Pelican. He prefers the rocky coast, unlike trees. The population number has about 500 thousand individuals.

Parrots

Popugai.

Currently there are up to 350 species of parrots. Despite the fact that species are very different from each other in many ways, all parrots have curved beaks, a special structure of the fingers, feed on nuts, seeds, fruits and insects. Parrots have thick, strong beaks that are ideal for crushing hard nuts and seeds.

In South America, there are parrots from the subfamily of real parrots (Psittacinae) .

South American Garpia

Juzhnoamerikanskaja-Garpija.

South American Garpia is a legendary bird, although few people saw her in the wild. This dark gray predatory bird has a very characteristic view. When the bird feels a threat, feathers on the top of the head climbs up, forming a collar in the form of "Rozhkin". Small gray feathers form a disc around the head that improves the bird's rumor as owls.

Like most types of hawk, the female "Garpia" is almost twice as much as the male. The legs of the South American Garpius can be as thick as the wrist of a small child, and the curved rear claws are more than that of the Grizzly bear, and make up about 13 centimeters in length. Garpia is not the biggest bird of prey on the continent (this title belongs to the Andean Condor), but still it is quite heavy and powerful creatures.

Insects

Butterfly

Scoop Agrippina
Scoop Agrippina

There are about 165,000 known types of butterflies found on all continents, except Antarctica, as well as these insects have a wide variety of colors and sizes. The largest species can reach 30 centimeters in diameter, while the smallest - no more match head.

The most famous South America butterflies are daytime butterflies from Morpho ( Morpho. ), butterflies from the genus Greta (Greta) .

Hercules beetle

Zhuk-Gerkules.

This species is one of the largest beetles on the planet. The length of the body of an adult individual varies from 80 to 170 mm. The body is covered with short hairs. Overcrowders beetle yellow-olive color. The head and conntion are the horns.

Ants

muravi.

The ants are among the most common insects on Earth, and their contribution to the ecosystem is important.

One of the bright inhabitants of the mainland is a major tropical ant Paraponera Clavata, Which possesses a very strong poison, surpassing the power of the poison of any OS and bees. Body Length 18-25 mm, Buro-black color.

Spider-shaped

Spiders

Pauki-Pticeedy.

Spiders have bad fame and inspire fear to many people. But only a few species are dangerous for a person, and bite in the event that you feel danger. Spiders do not belong to insect due to certain anatomical differences. For example, spiders have two main parts of the body: the transmitted part is called the headband, and the rear - undecided belly; Insects have three parts of the body: head, chest and belly. Spiders have eight paws, while insects are six.

Poultry spiders from the family Theraphosidae. Are among the largest spiders in the world. They are found not only in South America, but also for other continents, with the exception of Antarctica. Their diet is quite diverse and contrary to its name, they do not always feed on the meat of birds. All species have poison, but in different numbers. The poison is not fatal for an adult and a healthy person, which cannot be said about small children and people sensitive to it.

Scorpions

Skorpion.

Scorpions belong to the detachment of arthropods. They prefer hot climatic conditions and lead a terrestrial lifestyle. There are about 1750 types of scorpions, but only 50 are dangerous for people because of poison. Six extremities are attached to the heads, four of which are designed for movement.

These are vivo animals, they pass a life cycle without metamorphosis. Scorpions lead a nightlife and are able to run quickly. The diet consists of insects and spider-shaped. The poison of most species is harmless, but some individuals are dangerous and can cause a fatal outcome, especially for children.

South America there are scorpions from the following families: Buthidae, Chantidae, Scorpionidae, Euscorpidae, Hemiscorpiidae, Bothriuridae .

Fish

Arapaima

Arapaima.

Arapaim is considered one of the largest freshwater fish of the planet, with a body length of about 2 meters. The body of the fish is long and a little flattened, covered with scales. It is common in the Amazon River. The diet makes fish, small animals and birds.

Ordinary Piranha

Obyknovennaja-Piranja.

Ordinary Piranha is a kind of fish, which received a reputation as a dangerous predator for people and animals. The body length varies from 10 to 15 cm, and the weight is within 1 kg. This fish is characterized by flat and sharp teeth, which they dug into their victim. They have a very subtle smell, thanks to which, Piranhas can recognize blood from a long distance. Their diet consists of fish and birds.

Som-Plateholders

Som-Plooskogolovik

Som-Platelaith is another type of leather fish that live only in freshwater rivers in South America. It can reach the length of the body of about 1.8 m and mass 80 kg. These bright SomSs have a brown back, as well as orange-red spinal and tail fins. There is a mustache on the upper and lower jaw. These fish are capable of making sounds that extend to a distance of up to 100 meters.

House of hundreds of thousands of types of fauna and the largest rainforest in the world, South America is the continent with various natural climatic zones - from glaciers to the desert. The animal and plant world of South America consists of a huge variety of unique animals, some of which were evolved in relative isolation. Only a few million years ago, Panaman stakes were formed, providing a small migration corridor for South and North American animals. Below is a list and brief description of the bright representatives of the Fauna of South America, sorted by the following groups: mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds, insects and fish.

  • Animal world of Australia;
  • Animal world of Asia;
  • Animal world of Antarctica;
  • Animal world of Africa;
  • Animal world of Europe;
  • Animal world of North America.

Presbysey

The climate of the mainland is extremely diverse, because South America extends through 6 climatic zones. Here is a soft winter and a cool summer, and besides this is often strong shower and wind. The mainland found their place and many varieties of reptiles.

Anaconda

This is the largest snake on our planet. In length can reach 7-9 meters. The mass of reptiles reaches 250-260 kg. Anaconda Cusar, strong and smart. Hunts under water. The sexual dimorphism is well developed: female individuals are larger and harder. The females are hunting for larger prey, while males can do fish, birds or small lizards.

Anaconda

Snake is not poisonous. His prey, grabbing sharp teeth behind the neck, wrapped and stifling. A distinctive feature is that the lower jaw is shifted at an anaconda during swallowing food, so the object can fit into the oral cavity than her head.

Iguana

One of the largest lizards, well-adapted to the climate of South America. Animals lead the woody lifestyle and feed on extremely vegetable food. The average length is 30-50 cm, but some species can reach dimensions up to 2 meters. Weigh reptiles from 3 to 9 kg.

Iguana

The skin is covered with peculiar scales, spikes and rude skin folds. On the back there is a sharp comb, which gives the Iguan an exotic look. The color of the reptile depends on the variety. It may vary depending on the mood of the animal.

Ivory turtle

Elephant or Galapagos Turtle refers to the largest land turtle worldwide. The females weigh a little more than 100 kg, and the males are about 220 kg. To withstand your weight, nature endowed animals with powerful and thick limbs. To save the energy of the turtle, most of the time are in the lying state.

Ivory turtle

In the daytime, the day collected in small groups and heated in the sun. At night, hide in nonoras or thickets. During the rains, lowered lowlines covered with greens are lowered. Feed fruits, grass. Water drink from water bodies, and in the season, drought mining it from cacti.

Reference! Elephant turtles on our land appeared in the Triassic period, approximately 200 ml years ago.

Black Cayman

This water predator is called the night hunter. Appearing on the planet Earth more than 200 million years old, they were able to survive the glacial and dinosaurs. These animals of South America are considered dangerous for a person. Dwell in reservoirs with a quiet flow. The skin of reptiles is black, which helps them to mask at night during the hunt. Adults grow up to 3-5 meters, and weight reaches 300 kg.

Black Cayman

The diet of the predator includes a variety of birds, mammals, turtles. Small mining swallowed entirely, and larger animals are torn off with their sharp teeth.

The world of the fauna of South America and its features

The main area of ​​the extensive territory of the mainland of South America extends in equatorially tropical latitudes, therefore does not feel a shortage of sunlight, although the climate of this part of the world is not so hot as African.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features - Animal-South America-1

This is the most wet mainland on the planet, and there are many natural reasons. The difference in the pressure of warm sushi with the ocean environment, flows off the coast of the mainland; The Mountain Range of Andes, extending through a huge part of its territory, blocking the way to Western winds and contributing to strengthening moisture and losing a significant amount of precipitation.

The climate of South America is extremely diverse, because this continent extends through six climatic zones: from the subequatorial to moderate. Along with the areas of fertile nature, there are zones known for soft in winter and cool summer, but those famous for frequent rains and winds.

In the center of the mainland of precipitation is significantly less. And the highlands is distinguished by clean dry air, but by a harsh climate, where the bulk of the heavenly moisture falls out, even in the summer months, in the form of snow, and the weather is capricious, constantly changing during the day.

Animals southern-America - Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-2

A person does not survive in such places. Naturally, the transformation of the weather affects other organisms, there are inhabited.

It is not surprising that in these natural features, the world of fauna is incredibly multiple and rich. List of animals of South America It is very extensive and impresses with its individual bright features of organic life that has arrived in this territory. It includes many beautiful and rare species of creatures affecting its fantastic originality.

What animals in South America dwell? Most perfectly adapted to existence in harsh environments, because some of them have to carry discomfort of tropical rains and survive in the highlands, to cool with the peculiarities of savan and sub-screen forests.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-3

The fauna of this continent is amazing. Here are just some of its representatives in the diversity of which you can make sure Photo of animals of South America .

Amazing world of monkeys

Animals live in South America in the warm climate. The ideal climatic zone for primates is tropical and subtropical areas. The territory of the spread of monkeys spread out from the north of Argentina to the southern region of Mexico.

Mirikina (Night Monkey)

Wides in the tropical part of South America. Animals of small size, only 28-40 cm, and at the same time weigh 0.7-1.3 kg. Night inhabitants have huge eyes, which are perfectly seen in the dark. Monkeys jump well from the branch on the branch. Jump can be up to 5 meters. Wool color gray-white, the tail in Mirikin is very fluffy, the ears are small, the limbs are strong and chain.

Primates of fruit, small birds, insects and frogs feed. They know how to make out interesting sounds, resembling a dog, twiking birds, bewowing cats or roar jaguars. Often become the object of hunting of large predators, perhaps for this reason they became night inhabitants. In the afternoon, animals are sleeping in their asylums.

Titican whistle

Uakari

It is considered the most unusual and ugly monkey. These animals of South America live in rainforest. They are referring to the ending mind. The length is from 50 to 60 cm. Activity is manifested only during the daytime. They live in small groups of 10-30 individuals. The appearance of monkeys can scare not only small children, but adults. Wool long orange color. The red face is devoid of thick hair, the ears are very reminded by human.

Uakari

Wakari will be searched on the tops of the trees, it is rarely descended to the ground. Move on all four limbs (do not jump). Calm and silent. Feed on foliage, invertebrate and different insects.

Saki.

There are in the northern and central part of the continent (from Columbia to Peru). Also live in Brazil and Bolivia. Mix in tropical forests. In the areas of Amazon, where the flood is often happening, animals can not be sorry for a long time from the tops of the trees, as the dampness is poorly tolerated.

Saki.

The appearance of these primates is very unusual. The thick hair of saturated black color covers the whole body. The face framed fluffy light fur. On the ground moves on the hind legs, helping the front limbs to retain balance.

Interesting fact! Saki quickly fall into panic, and if the animal put into a cage, he will have a strong shock.

Howler

Dwell in the southern and northern part of the mainland. Mountain forests. These chain primates spend almost all the time on the trees. It was obtained from a loud and terrifying sound, which is called roar. The growth of monkeys reaches 1 meter, and the mass of 8-9 kg. The whole body of the animal covers the long and thick wool of light red or black. The tail is long and plays an important role in their lives: serves as an extra hand.

Howler

They feed roaring with leaves, and since the tropical forests are roundly covered with thick and green foliage, they have no problems with searching for food.

Lenivity

Interesting mammals - the inhabitants of forest are sloths, famous to the world, as very slow creatures. Peculous animals are closely related to armadiors and ants, but purely externally have little similarity with them.

The number of types of sloths included in the number Animals of Endemics of South America , just about five. They combine in two families: bobby and three-blind slides, quite similar among themselves. They are half meter growth and weighing about 5 kg.

They resemble an external feature of the appearance of a supreme monkey, and their thick busty wool looks like a sane sane. It is curious that the internal organs of these animals differ in the structure from other mammals. They have no hearing acuity and vision, underdeveloped teeth, and the brain is quite primitive.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features of animals southern-America-4

In the photo Animal Leniv

Amazing animals Continent

Animals The world of South America amazes with its diversity. This continent sheltered on its territory of a wide variety of fauna representatives.

Kinku

Meet the forests of the southern part of the mainland. It has dense and fluffy wool, which pushes water well and keeps the heat of the body. Kinkagu has a long and chain tail. The weight is 2-3.5 kg, the length of the body is up to 53 cm. The animal wool is soft, painted in a brown color. The eyes are big and convex, but despite this, the animal looks cute and peaceful. Today, this animal is becoming increasingly popular among pet lovers.

Kinku

Sloth

Very unusual representative of the animal world. A distinctive feature is a small head and chain fingers resembling hooks. The length of the animal is about 50 cm, and the weight is 4-5 kg. Wool is long and thick, some representatives it covers the whole face. These mammals are friendly and smiling. Their mouth is full of the same teeth, which have no enamel and roots.

Interesting fact! The sloths even after death can stay hanging on a tree branch, so tenacious in animals of a grip.

Sloth

Batonenosets

This is a typical resident of the American continent. Bremenities belong to mammals and are descendants of glipticoodones. His name animals received thanks to a solid bone shell covering the whole body. It serves as protection from predators. An animal length varies from 15 cm to 1 meter. They are good excavopes, in a matter of minutes, pull a deep hole, and hide in it. Active at night. Feed on mushrooms, frogs, termites.

Batonenosets

Giant Murach

These large animals of South America, who have a disproportionately elongated head. The mouth of the mammal is very small, only its thin tongue seals through the oral hole, which serves as the main tool during food mining. The amusements have a long and flat tail, which they cover their body during the cold. Powerful paws are equipped with sharp claws, so it is not difficult to destroy the fracthers. Most of the time of the amusements are carried out in motion in search of food.

Giant Murach

South American Garpia

Bird's predatory belongs to the family of hawk. The scope of her wings reaches 2 meters. Paws are powerful and equipped with sharp claws, withstand their high weight. Huft on small birds, mammals and reptiles. Body length from 95 to 110 cm. Weight can reach 9-10 kg. Feathers on the head at the time of excitation rose vertically and resemble horns.

South American Garpia

South America is a big and wet continent. The animal world consists of a wide variety of the most unique and amazing animals, which differ in the method of nutrition, lifestyle and behavior.

Battleship

Animal World of South America It would be greatly impoverished without mammals of the battleship. These are the most unusual animals from the incomplete - the detachment, to which the sloths are counted.

Beasts are dressed in nature into something similar to the mail, as if challenged in armor, conceded by hoops consisting of bone plates. They have teeth, but very small size.

Their vision is not sufficiently developed, but the smell and hearing are quite sharp. When nutrition, such animals are captured by a fodder with an adhesive language, and are able to dig in the loose ground in the blink.

Animals southern-America - Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-5

In the photo of the battleship

Ant-eater

Scroll Names of animals of South America It will not be complete without such an amazing creation as an ant. This is an ancient color mammal, which existed in the Epoch of the early Miocene.

These representatives of the fauna inhabit the territories of Savan and wet forests, also live in swampy locations. They are divided into three kinds of scientists that differ in weight and sizes.

Representatives of the genus giants have a mass of up to 40 kg. They, as well as members of the kind of large musicals, are spent on Earth and cannot climb trees. Unlike relatives, dwarf amusements, masterfully moving on trolns and branches using clawed paws and chain tail.

The amusements do not have teeth, and life is carried out in search of fracthers and anthills, absorbing their inhabitants with the help of a sticky language, putting their long nose in the insect insect. On the day of the game is able to eat several tens of thousands of termites.

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In the photo Animal Amer

Jaguar

Among animal forests of South America , dangerous predator killing one jump, is Jaguar. It is in his clever, lightning ability to kill his victims and consists meaning of the name of this beast in translation from the language of indigenous inhabitants of the continent.

The predator is also found in the Savanov and belongs to the genus Panther, it reaches a slightly less than 100 kg, has a spotted color, like a leopard, and has a long tail.

Such animals live in the north and in the central part of America, but are found in Argentina and Brazil. And in Salvador and Uruguay, some time ago were completely exterminated.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-7

In the photo of Jaguar

Mirikina Monkey

American monkeys - endemics, and differ from relatives living on other continents with a wide partition, separating the nostrils of these animals, for which they are called many cogs wide.

To such a type of creatures, surviving mountain forests, is Mirikina, in a different one called Durukuli. These creatures, which have a height of about 30 cm, are notable for not as an example of other monkeys, they lead the Soviet lifestyle: at night they hunt, beautifully seeing and focusing in the dark, and they swell in the day.

They jump like acrobats, eat small birds, insects, frogs, fruits and drink nectar. Able to publish a huge number of interesting sounds: Dog naughty, meow; roar like jaguars; Twist and tweet, as feathered, filling the darkness of the night with devilish concerts.

Animals southern-America - Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-8

Monkey Mirikina

Titi Monkey

How many species of such monkeys exist in South America is definitely unknown, since they were accustomed in impassable forests, whose debursions cannot be explored completely.

The appearance of titi is reminiscent of Mirikin, but have long claws. During the hunt, they guard their booty on the bitch of the tree, pick up the hands and legs together, lowering the long tail. But at the right moment, in the blink of an eye, deftly grabs their victims, whether it is a bird flying in the air or running along the ground, a living being.

Animals southern-America - Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-9

In the photo monkey titi

Saki.

These monkeys dwell in the forests of the continent's internal regions. They spend their lives on the tops of trees, especially in the Amazon areas, filled with water for a long time, because they cannot tolerate dampness.

They jump around the branches, they are very deft and far away, but they walk on the ground on their hind legs, helping themselves to observe the balance. Workers of zoos, watching these monkeys, noticed their habit of lemon slices to rub their own wool. And they drink, licking with the hands of water.

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Belolic Saki.

Uakari Monkey

Close relatives of Saki, inhabitants in the Amazon and Orinoco River basin, famous for the shortest tail among the monkeys of the continent. These peculiar creatures attributable to endangered species and rare animal south america , have red faces and bald forehead, and their lost and sad expressions are made like an aged, confused in the life of a person.

However, the visibility of deceptive, because the nature of these creatures is cheerful and fun. But when they are nervous, noisily smoke with lips and shake from all the power of the bitches on which there are.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features - Animal South-America-11

Monkey Wakari

Howler

Monkey Ruong meter growth, not at all in vain got his tagged nickname. Such creatures without any exaggeration, incredibly loudly. The screams of the whole flock of monkeys, singing in which the senior male, folding the flexible lips in the form of a horn, can stun a listener.

And wild concerts, praised by other flocks, sometimes for several hours, filling the forest wilderness of the continent with indescribable murderous melodies.

Such monkeys are equipped with a strong chain tail, which they grab about the branches of trees, moving at the same time with a huge speed, and differ saturated-red, brown with yellow or just black wool.

Animals southern-America - Description-and-features - Animal South-America-12

Monkey Reuw

Capuchin

Compared to other new light monkeys, this creature is most intelligent. Capuchins are capable of pricking nuts with stones, rub their wool with fragile substances: oranges, lemons, onions, ants.

The animals received their name for the similarity that is trapped on the head of the wool, with hoods of the same monks of the Middle Ages. Monkeys have a bright color and white pattern on the face, like a death sign.

Animals southern-America - Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-13

On the photo Monkey Kapuchin

Vicuna

Vikuja, an animal living in Andes, representing the family of camels, attributed to the number of rare. For the ancient inhabitants of the mountains, this creature was considered a sacred, healing and sent by God.

Later the Spaniard, arriving at the continent, began to exterminate these representatives of the fauna, using beautiful soft wool on wine clothes, and the meat of Vicuni was considered an attractive delicacy.

From the family of corner - this is the most small creature, having a lot of no more than 50 kg. Wool covering the top of the animal body, brightly red color, on the neck and the bottom is almost white, highlighting the excellent quality and incredible fineness of the hair.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features - Animal South-America-14

In the photo Animal Vikunya

Alpaca

More alone residents of the highlands, representatives of the camel family. These, domesticated by man, animals are bred in Argentina, Chile and Peru. The growth does not exceed one meter, the weight is approximately 60 kg.

Smooth and soft wool creatures can have a wide variety of shades, from black to pure white. In total, the colors of the hair has about two tens of them, in some cases the color of the animal may have a drawing. Alpaca spend life in herds and differ in curiosity, feed on perennial plants and juicy herbs.

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In the photo Alpaka

Pampus deer

Representative of the kind of mannocopery and Animals Sanovan South America . The light gray wool of this creature in winter, in the summer months it becomes a reddish, tail brown and white on the end.

Feed animals with crusts and branches of trees, leaves, herbs, berries. The hunt for these fauna representatives is limited, but the prohibitions are constantly violated, so such deer are under threat of destruction.

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Pampus deer

Deer Pudi

Tiny deer Pudi, also called the Chilean Mountain Goat, little like her relatives of deer, having only 35 cm and weight, sometimes less than 10 kg. It has a squat physique, short horns, dark red or brownish wool with blurry white spots.

Such baby on the slopes of the Andes live and are found only in the seaside territories of Chile, as well as on some islands. Due to its rarity, marked in the Red Book.

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In the photo deer pud

Pampas Cat

The physique of this representative of the Feline family, resembling an external appearance, a European wild cat, dense; The head is convex and round. Also distinguish animals sharp ears, big eyes with oval pupil, short paws, long fluffy and thick tail.

The color can be silver or gray, lightweight or white. Dwells animal в South America steppes , also occurs on fertile plains, in some cases in the forests and swamps. At night, hunts on small rodents, shock lizards and a variety of insects. Pampas cats are able to attack on a poultry.

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On the photo Pampas Cat

Tuko-Tuko

A small creature, weighing about half a kilogram, lives under the ground and the appearance of something like a shrub rat, but the lifestyle of this fauna postponed his imprint on a number of external signs.

An animal has small eyes and hidden in the fur, the highly refined ears. The physique of Tuko-Tucau massive, the muzzle is flat, the neck is short, limbs of small sizes with powerful claws.

An animal prefers to excruit areas with loose soil. It rarely appears on the surface of the Earth, rushing with juicy plants. These animals, communicating with each other, publish sounds: "Tuko-Tuko", for which they received their name.

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Animal Tuko Tuko

Viskcha

An animal with a large hare, which reminds both by external signs. But the tail is somewhat longer, and on the form is similar to the tea noar. They are visited in the moments of danger with the noise of crushing about the Earth, warning about the troubles of congor.

Animals weigh approximately 7 kg. The legs and ears have short, wool dark gray with stripes on the face. The animals are awake at night and feed on plants. They have a habit of dragging in their holes all the input and not very, constantly making reserves.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features of animal southern-America

In the photo Animal Viskich

Orinoksky crocodile

It is considered the largest crocodile on the continent. Especially common in Venezuela on the Orinoco River. Also called Colombian, as it is found in this territory, in addition, in the foothills of the Andes.

May have a length of more than 6 meters and lives up to 60 years. Skin color gray or light green. In the nature of these creatures are aggressive and fiercely protect their territory. While drying rivers, be able to travel on land, quickly moving quickly, in search of new habitats.

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Orinoksky crocodile

Caiman

Reptiles from the aliban family. Caymans are not very large, long less than two meters. Other alligators are distinguished by the presence of bone plates on the stomach. Live in the jungle on the shores of the stream and rivers, love to bask in the sun. They are predators, but less aggressive than many relatives. They do not attack people.

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In photo Cayman

Anaconda Snake

A huge snake, capable of some rumors, to reach the length of 11 m and is considered the most massive among the relatives. It dwells in hard-to-reach areas of the tropics. The light of her green eye is able to make horror.

Such creatures can take place in zoos, but live there for long. Anaconda has an oblong or rounded form. Coloring is grayish-green with black rings and brown spots.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-22

Snake Anaconda

Mammals

Sloth

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Batonenosets

Bronenosec.

Ant-eater

muuraveda.

Jaguar

Jaguar.

Mirikina Monkey

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Titi Monkey

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Saki.

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Uakari Monkey

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Howler

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Capuchin

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Katoy

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Fool

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Vicuna

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Alpaca

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Pampus deer

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Deer Pudi

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Pampas Cat

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Tuko-Tuko

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Viskcha

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Grievous wolf

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Pig baker

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Pampas Lisitsa

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Southand deer

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Tapir

Tapir.

Koat.

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Capibara

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Opossum

Opossumi.

Andean Condor

A very large predator from the discharge of feathered, but feeds more to the palm, chicks and eggs of birds. The wingspan of the wings of the Condor can have a three-meter length, but claws them are straight and not able to carry greater booty.

These representatives of the feathers were exterminated due to erroneous accusations for the destruction of livestock, but in fact they are useful in nature, as they are its sanitation.

Animals southern-America - Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-24

Anda Condor Bird

Amazon parrot

The name of the parrot eloquently speaks about his habitat, because most often these birds are found in the jungle growing in the Amazon River basin. Amazon's parrot coloring is well masked on the jungle background.

Pernaya usually settled on the outskirts of the forests, from where they apply visits to plantations and in the gardens, gazing part of the crop. But people also cause considerable harm to such birds, exterminating Amazons because of tasty meat. Often such pets contain in cells, they are interesting to the fact that they perfectly imitate human speech.

Animals southern-America-Description-and-features - Animal-South-America-25

Amazon parrot

Hyacinth Ara

Large parrot, famous for a dark blue plumage and a long tail. Its powerful beak is distinguished by a black and gray tint. The voice of the Ara hoarse, the mountain and sharp, hearing at a great distance. Inhabited these creatures palm groves, forest stocks and swampy terrain.

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Hyacinth Ara

Kholib

Hummingbird, a bird that has become famous for its tiny magnitude. There are species in size comparable with large insects, for example, humming bees. The color of these birds is unique, and feathers are overflowing at the light of the sun, like precious stones. The main feed for them is nectar.

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Hummingbird bird

South American Garpia

The representative of the family of hawk, a predatory bird, whose wings span reaches a two-meter length. It has powerful paws armed with claws capable of withstanding a lot of weight. It feeds on reptiles, large birds and mammals. It often happens that Garpai is dragging from the villages of the lambs, cats and chickens.

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South American Garpia Bird

Titica whistle frog

Otherwise, this creature is called frog scrotum due to the declaration of its skin hanging. It uses its bizarre skin for breathing, as the lungs of her small volume.

This is the biggest frog in the world, meets in the Andes and on Lake Titicaca. Separate specimens grow up to half a meter and weigh near a kilogram. The color of the back of such creatures is dark-brown or olive, often with blond stains, belly larger, cream-gray shade.

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Titica whistle frog

American Laman

Large mammal, inhabiting the shallow water of the coast of the Atlantic. Can also dwell in fresh reservoirs. The average length of Lamantine is three or more meters, weight in some cases reaches 600 kg.

These creatures are painted in rough gray, and their foreheads resemble flippers. They feed on plant food. They have weak vision, but communicate, touching the muzzle.

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American Laman

Amazonian investments Dolphin

The largest of river dolphins. The mass of his body can be calculated 200 kg. These creatures are painted in dark tones, and sometimes have a reddish skin shade.

They have small eyes and curved beaks covered with tin bristles. In captivity live no more than three years and is poorly leaving for training. Possess weak vision, but a developed echolocation system.

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River Dolphin Inanya

Piranha Fish

This water being glorified by his lightning attacks, received the title of the most voracious fish of the continent. Having an increase of no more than 30 cm, it ruthlessly and brazenly attacks animals and does not disappear to be palm.

The shape of the body of Piranha has the form of a rhombus compressed from the sides. Usually coloring is silver-gray. There are also herbivores of these fish that feed on vegetation, seeds and nuts.

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In the photo Fish Piranha

Giant Arapaima Fish

According to scientists, the appearance of this ancient fish, live fossil, remained unchanged millions of centuries. Separate individuals, as the local residents of the continent assure, reach a four-meter length, and the weight is calculated 200 kg. True, ordinary copies have dimensional sizes, but Arapaima is a valuable field.

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Giant Arapaima Fish

Electric eel

The most dangerous large fish having a mass of up to 40 kg, found in shallow rivers of the continent and having enough human victims in its account.

The eel is able to emit electrical charge of high power, but it feeds only in small fish. It has the body of an extended shape and has a smooth, covered scales, skin. Color fish orange or brown.

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Fish Electric eel

Agrias Claudine Butterfly

The most beautiful butterfly of tropical forests with a scope saturated with paints, bright wings of 8 cm. The shape and combination of shades depends on the subspecies of the insects described, which are about ten. See the butterfly is not easy, as they are rarely found. Even more difficult to catch such beauty.

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Agrias Claudine Butterfly

Butterfly nymphalida

Butterfly with wide wings of medium sizes, bright and pesting color. The lower part of it is usually merged with the environment against the background of dry leaves. These insects actively pollinating flowering plants. Their caterpillars feed on herbs and leaves.

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Butterfly nymphalida

Birds

NANDU

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Andean Condor

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Amazon parrot

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Hyacinth Ara

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Kholib

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

South American Garpia

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Red Ibis

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Redhead Drozd.

Goacin

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Hologulous Slavar.

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Red Food

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Khokhlah Arasar

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Krax

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Pheasant

Fazan.

Turkey

indeyka.

Nithehvyvy Pipry

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Toucan

Tukan.

Trumpeter

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Sunny Heron

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Shepherd

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Avdotka

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Cobaty Runner

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Colored Bekas

bekas.

Kariam

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Cuckoo

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Paramey

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Magellan Gus.

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Rusher cool target

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Krachok-Inca

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Pelican

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Olusha

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Frigate

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Ecuadorian umbrella bird

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Golyanny goat

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Pink Krugitsa

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Insects, Reptiles, Snakes

Leispolazes

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Brazilian wandering spider

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Macolate viper

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Ant Marikopa

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Black Cayman

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Anaconda

Anakonda.

Orinoksky crocodile

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Nobrel

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Beetle Liliput

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Titica whistle

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Agrias Claudine Butterfly

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Butterfly nymphalida

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Fish

Skat Manta

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Piranha

Pirani.

Syncole octopus

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Shark

Akula-V-Okeane

American Laman

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Amazonian dolphin

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Giant Arapaima Fish

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Electric eel

Animal World of South America - List, Views, Description and Photos

Amphibians (amphibians)

Muddy amphibians

beznogie.

Ruthless amphibians are tropical amphibians that are similar to large worms or slippery snakes. They have no limbs, and sometimes it is difficult to determine where the head is, and where is the tail. Their skin is smooth and brilliant, gray, brown, black, orange or yellow. Some species are tiny, scales.

Most individuals live in tunnels underground. Hard, fat, pointed skull helps these amphibians dig in soft mud. Because of their underground lifestyle, they have a low need to see or hear. Thus, their eyes are tiny in some species or hidden under the skin, or a skull, other species look like a tubercle.

Representatives of the following families live in South America: Rhinatrematidae, Caeciliidae, Typhlonectidae, Siphonopidae, Dermophiidae.

Cheeky

Drevolaz.Dreams - bright and poisonous representatives of the detachment of taught in South America

There is a huge variety of types of adversely, each of which is adapted to life in its unique habitat, whether it is cool mountain slopes, groaning deserts or tropical forests. Depending on the species, they can be found in water, on Earth or trees, and there are different sizes and colors.

Drabs - a family of poisonous frogs, from the class are packed. They are famous for their bright color, which includes the following colors combinations: red and black, yellow and green, orange and silver, blue and yellow, green and black, pink and silver. Their bright color is not an indicator of beauty, but a warning that they are poisonous.

These are tiny, terrestrial, day frogs that live mainly in the fallen leaves on the forest litter, but some species inhabit high in forest can never go down. Their homeland is rain forests near the rivers or ponds of Central and South America.

Poison of Tedolas can cause serious swelling, nausea and paralysis of the muscles. If the predator survives after the emergence of such a frog, he will remember his mistake, and will not try to dine something like that in the future. Nevertheless, there is one snake, Leimadophis EpinePhelus. which has immunity to poison frogs and feeds on these minor creatures.

Reptiles (reptiles)

Anaconda

Anakonda.

The name of Anacond actually applies to the family (Enectes) But most often used to designate one species, green or ordinary anaconda. Member of the Falconium Family (Boidae) Green Anaconda from South America is the most severe snake in the world and has the greatest circumference in proportion to the length among all the serpets.

Green Anaconda, as a rule, brown-green, olive or grayish-green color with oval black spots. Bolivian anaconda is similar to Green, but it is found only in a small area of ​​Bolivia. Paraguayan anaconda has a drawing of enclosures, saddles, stains and strips (usually black or dark brown) on yellow, golden brown, or greenish yellow background. Dark-spotted anaconda is about the same size as Paraguayan, and has large dark spots.

Iguana

iguana.

Iguanas are among the largest lizards living in North and South America. Their tail is about half of the body length. Like other reptiles, iguana, cool, egg-standing animals with excellent ability to adapt to the environment. Types of iguan differ greatly in size, color, behavior, and their security status. Some species like ordinary iguana are quite numerous, while others are threatened with disappearance.

Crocodiles

Orinokskij-krokodil.

Cooling, with thick skin, and egg laying, an ancient detachment of crocodiles (Crocodilia) , some people are horrified, and other admiration, and perhaps both feelings at the same time. The fact is, the representatives of the detachment of crocodiles - alligators, crocodiles, Caimans and Gavuals - are an incorrectly understood group of animals, most of which face serious threats to their habitat, and people are hunting because of the skin. Of the 23 types of crocodiles, 7 are under threat of disappearance, and almost all are under threat of extinction in a certain part of their range.

Appearing about 230 million years ago, they survived dinosaurs, a glacial period, and much more, but almost did not change over time. Interestingly, crocodiles are more closely related to birds and dinosaurs than most live reptiles. Scientists put crocodiles and alligators in different families based on key differences between them.

Orinoksky crocodile - is not only the largest reptile of South America, but the largest animal on the continent. The length of the body of these reptiles can reach more than 5 meters, and a mass of about 400 kg.

Ivory or galapagos turtle

Slonovaja-Cherepaha.

Galapagos turtles are the largest land turtles in the world, among the now living reptiles. The males can weigh more than 227 kg, and the average weight of the females is about 113 kg. They have thick, strong legs to withstand body weight, but spend a lot of time lying to save energy. The color of the shell light brown. In various populations, the shell happens two species - domed and sadded. The domed shell is found in individuals living in highland areas with lush pastures. The saddle shell allows the turtle to be better to benthened to get a meager vegetation high above the ground or pull the neck, for food shrubs and cacti.

Spider-shaped

Spiders

Pauki-Pticeedy.

Spiders have bad fame and inspire fear to many people. But only a few species are dangerous for a person, and bite in the event that you feel danger. Spiders do not belong to insect due to certain anatomical differences. For example, spiders have two main parts of the body: the transmitted part is called the headband, and the rear - undecided belly; Insects have three parts of the body: head, chest and belly. Spiders have eight paws, while insects are six.

Poultry spiders from the family Theraphosidae. Are among the largest spiders in the world. They are found not only in South America, but also for other continents, with the exception of Antarctica. Their diet is quite diverse and contrary to its name, they do not always feed on the meat of birds. All species have poison, but in different numbers. The poison is not fatal for an adult and a healthy person, which cannot be said about small children and people sensitive to it.

Scorpions

Skorpion.

Scorpions belong to the detachment of arthropods. They prefer hot climatic conditions and lead a terrestrial lifestyle. There are about 1750 types of scorpions, but only 50 are dangerous for people because of poison. Six extremities are attached to the heads, four of which are designed for movement.

These are vivo animals, they pass a life cycle without metamorphosis. Scorpions lead a nightlife and are able to run quickly. The diet consists of insects and spider-shaped. The poison of most species is harmless, but some individuals are dangerous and can cause a fatal outcome, especially for children.

South America there are scorpions from the following families: Buthidae, Chantidae, Scorpionidae, Euscorpidae, Hemiscorpiidae, Bothriuridae .

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South America is rich in a variety of plants and animal species. This is primarily due to the fact that the rainy rainforests are occupied by most of the territory, in which there are a great many diverse forms of life in small areas, many of which have not yet been led by scientists. In addition to bourgeing rainforests, there are steppes in South America, which here is called Pampa, coniferous and deciduous forests. All of them are south, in a more moderate climate.

The main part of the Tropical Forests of South America is located in the Amazon River Basin, for which this region was called Amazonia. Scientists believe that Amazonian forests are "light" planets. Indeed, they absorb a huge amount of carbon dioxide and highlight a lot of oxygen, maintaining the balance of these gases in the Earth's atmosphere.

The climate of the rainforest is warm and wet. There is never winter here. All this contributes to the rapid development of flora and fauna. Plants use every centimeter of space to gain and get through to the sun. Many of them have adapted to live on large trees, using their barrel and branches as the soil. This allows them to be closer to the light.

In the forests of South America, there are many animals and insects, among which you can find huge beetles and butterflies. Because of the bright light and many light glare, birds, butterflies and even the flies had to be "dressing up" in incredibly motley and bright outfits.

Jaguar

Jaguar is the largest predator of South America. The length of the jaguarium body is up to 2 m, and the mass reaches 130 kg. This is a close relative of the African leopard, only stronger and more dense addition. Until intensive use by man of tropical forests, jaguars lived on the territory from Argentina to the United States. Now these are rare animals and occur only in deaf forest places.

Animals of South America-jaguar

Jaguars try to stick to forest reservoirs, they are perfectly swimming and climb on trees. Like most big cats, he lives and hunted alone. Prey is podcassed and rushed to her from the ambush. Catch unwitted, monkeys, large rodents - the capible, without refusing to the monkeys descended on the Earth.

Male and females converge together only during the reproduction period. After mating, the male immediately disappears, providing a female about the offspring. Previously, Jaguars were distributed throughout South America, now their area is limited to thick impassable forests and national parks.

Batonenosets

Bremenities are peculiar mammals, they can only be found in the American continent. The smallest of the armaduses is a small plastepos, or the Argentine Shields, the length of the body is not more than 12-15 cm. The giant battleship is the largest of the battleship reaches more than 1 m and weight about 50 kg.

Giant battleship

These animals obtained their name for the bone shell, which is laid in their skin and serves as an instrument of passive protection against predators. Top view bone shell plates are covered with a horn. Circular wool has little, only on the belly yes between the plates you can consider rare beams. Therefore, in the cold areas of the continent, there are no cornights, these are thermal-loving animals. The manific batonight is quite common in America. Its dimensions are small, the length of the body reaches the half-meter, and the mass of 5-8 kg. There are long claws in the armadors, 3-4 cm, so when walking the front paws are based on their tips. They run fast enough.

Bremenities are excellent farms. In case of danger, they quickly, in a few minutes, dig a hole and hide underground. Predator is difficult to grab them for a protected back. When attacking the armor trying to first hide, usually quickly burning into the ground. But in extremely cases, they turn into a dense ball, so that the whole body is protected by the shelter. The armadors in nonorah, and are active at night. They have a variety of food: frogs, lizards, juicy fruits and mushrooms, but the most beloved - termites. With the help of long claws, it is easily destroyed by the fracthers. I have few enemies, the battleship is not too sensitive to the danger. So, they are often chosen at night on the highway and even at the light of headlights do not run away, for which they often pay life.

Giant Murach

In the tropical part of Central and South America, peculiar animals live - amales. The largest among them is a gigantic amusing. These animals the front of the head disproportionately elongines and is a similarity of the tube. The mouth is so small that only a thin, long tongue is loading through it. Giant musicals have a huge flat tail, which they are covered with a blanket at rest during rest. The length of such a blanket is almost a meter, and the width is 80 cm.

Animal of South America - Giant Agroo

Murals live in forests and savannahs. Most of the time they roam in search of food, mostly ants and termites. The main tool of the production of insects is the language - a kind of delicate organ. It is wetted by sticking saliva and draws out of his mouth, like a lace, more than 60 cm. Such a language allows the game to get to the most secluded places of forming housing. To destroy impregnable fracthers, the amusements use powerful front paws armed with claws. These claws are afraid of jaguars. In the event of an attack of a predator, an amusement is able to apply terrible, non-healing wounds. Only young, inexperienced jaguars risk attack on a major ant. And only one young of the Muraki is born, whom she wears on his back.

Grievous wolf

Grivist wolves have a thin body and long legs, its weight reaches 25 kg. With high growth, they can look out for prey in pampas and coastal lowlands, where they live.

Grivist wolves feed on small mammals, insects, birds, plants and fruits. They live alone, meeting only during pairing. The female usually gives the three-four wcrway and grows them itself. A beautiful and unusual grivy wolf with his red fur, black face, mane and paws called a fox on stilts, and he really looks like a fox.

Animals South America-Grievous Wolf

The economic development of the districts where they live, and intensive wolves hunt led to a sharp reduction in their numbers. Over the past hundred years, they are constantly pushed further and further to the west.

Tapir

Tapir beasts are unusual. They are heavy, tight addition, with short, thick legs and a small trunk. Outwardly resemble pigs, but their larger. Tapirov body weight reaches 300 kg. Tapir - relatives of horses and rhino. They are referring to the detachment of non-parunning.

Tapir animals of South America

In the wetlands and shrub thickets of South America, the plain tapir lives. The body is painted in a dark brown color. In young tapirov, a yellow or reddish body with bright white stripes or stains. Such a gentle color makes them imperceptible for predators. Tapyris exclusively roasting. All night they spend, entering a variety of plants, mainly aquatic. Superbly float, and to get delicious parts of some plants, can dive to considerable depth. Live alone or couples, trying not to go to the neighbors section. Tapirov is easy, they feel great in captivity.

Lama

In Andes, from footbrows to the borders of eternal snow, passing at an altitude of 5 km, lias live. These are pets. Local Indians tamed Lam long before the arrival of the Spaniards in South America. They use them as pack animals and for meat and wool. Lama is very hardy: loaded by moving weight in tens of kilograms, they are capable of going to walk many kilometers without rest. In addition, they are perfectly running, on mountain plains, developing speeds up to 50 km / h.

South American Lama

The ancestors of Lam are wild guanaco, which are still found in Andes. Guanako unpretentious, feed on grass and moss, can drink even salty water. Guanaco's favorite occupation - swimming in mountain rivers. They are happy for hours lying or standing in a cold stream. And swim with a big hunting and very good.

The Indians are domesticated and Alpaca, which are very similar to Lam, only less in size and have a thicker and long woolen cover. They happened, apparently, also from Guanako. Lama, Alpaca and Guanako - Camel's relatives and belong to the detachment of callors. They easily cross each other and give numerous offspring.

Vicuna

Vicunya lives in the most severe hard-to-reach alpine (over 4000 m) areas of the Andes. It belongs to the family of camels and is perfectly adapted to life at high altitude. The thick fur reliably protects its chilling cold, and in a strongly spilled air it is easily breathing due to the fact that her blood has a well-folted properties.

Vikuja from South America

Vicuni live with groups consisting of one male, a few females and their young. The remaining males are going to independent bachelors. Feed Vicuni grass and lichen.

Capibara

Capybara, or Water quirder, is the largest of all the rodents existing on Earth. Its body reaches more than a meter in length, and it weighs about 60 kg. Capibar lives, as a rule, not far from the water: in a swampy terrain, in the coastal areas of rivers, in the forests and plains of South America - from Panama to Argentina.

Capybara or Water quirk

In the season, drought capibars are collected by groups of 100 and more individuals near the reservoirs. Usually they live in small families (from 10 to 40 animals), consisting of dominant males and females with young. The remaining males live separately and often become victims of jaguars and anacond. Predators who raise them around or inside the reservoirs are often attacked by the capibles, which come to get drunk. Feed animals by grass and water plants.

Katoy

At high trees in the rainforests of South America, many different monkeys live. Most often are the coats. They cling to the branches with strong tails, jumping from one tree to another. There are four types of these monkeys. Most of them are black or dark brown.

Cate Monkey from South America

Basically they feed on fruits, seeds, flowers, but there may be insects, and bird eggs. Live coats with rather large communities, which are often divided into groups in bed. These monkeys are very mobile, they are clever acrobats and belong to the most common types of monkeys of South America.

Piranha

Pirani Fish South America

Piranhas, probably the most famous fish of South America, enjoying ill fame due to their love for fresh meat. They are hunting groups, lightningly attack the animal, meeting on the way, and instantly tear it into parts. They devour everything they meet, even Padal.

Some types of pirands have a length of 30 cm, but most of them are much smaller. Until now, there are practically unknown cases when Piranhas would attack a person, but they represent a greater danger to livestock, passing the river. Especially willingly they are taking as young herons who accidentally fall out of the nest into the river.

Morpho

South American Morpho Butterfly

These butterflies, numbering about 80 species, probably the most beautiful residents of the forests of amazon lowland. They are very large, the scope of their wings can reach 20 cm. They can be found throughout Mexico to South Brazil. The top side of the wings of males painted, as a rule, in a light blue color, but maybe yellow and brown. Their amazing color attracted the attention of numerous collectors, so many of their populations were exterminated. Now in many countries, these Morpho butterflies are protected.

River Dolphin.

River Dolphin.

The rivers of Amazon and Orinoco live the largest freshwater dolphins in the world. Their length is about 2.7 m, and the males are somewhat larger than females. As they float in the muddy waters of Amazons, the dolphins practically do not need vision, but they have an extremely developed echolocation system. They send signals in the ultrasound range, which, reflecting from objects, returned back. River dolphins capture echo, thus discovering prey, and grab it with her teeth.

Ant-leafes

Ant leisure meter from South America

In the tropical forests of America there are ants, the color of which happens from orange to red. They arrange huge dwellings under the ground, accommodating up to a million ants. The ants dig in the ground a deep hole and lay it out by pieces of chewed leaves. On this plant "soil", a special fungus grows, which is the only food for ants. Workers ants unload the leaves on trees and bushes and, as if umbrellas (therefore, they are called "umbrella" ants), carry them on themselves in the dwelling. In one day, a group of such ants can completely deprive the tree of foliage. While working ants cut off pieces of leaves, larger ants - soldiers guard them from the attacks of parasites and predators, in whose diet they enter.

Anaconda

Among the snakes of the largest can be called the South American Beat - Anaconda. Its length reaches 11 m. There are data on larger anacondes, however, they are obtained when measuring the skins of the killed snake, which is easily pulled out, so you cannot be considered absolutely reliable.

Jowan American Anaconda

Anaconda - water blows. Most of the life they spend in rivers and swampy places, rarely crawling on land. Without a poisonous teeth, the blows kill their sacrifice, whining and squeezing it.

Anaconda float perfectly and dive, staying under water for several minutes. They feed their prey - and they feed rodents, small hoofs and birds - the anaconds lie, having drowned the head out of the water. Its victims are unwaryful beasts who came to the water, or resting birds on the water. Also deftly anaconds can catch fish. There have been cases when large snakes attacked a person. His boost will absorb entirely. A large sacrifice of the snake digested for a long time, usually hiding in a secluded place. Anaconditions by laying eggs or eggmifting: when eggs are developing in the body of females and completely formed snakes are born. Usually one female brings 30-40 young. Mixed Indians hunt anacond for the sake of tasty meat, fat and valuable skin.

See also: Animals of North America

South America has a length of 7,500 km incorporates the Municipality of the Andes, Amazon lowland between Brazilian and Gwianky Plateorem, Galapagos Islands, Rivers, Waterfalls.

In South America, six climatic belts. For the most part Tropical climate . Favorable natural conditions have formed a rich animal and vegetable world on the continent! Some representatives of Flora and the fauna of South America are unique and no bigger people.

In wet rainforests live freshwater poisonous snakes and lizards, anaconda, monkey-toys and spider monkeys. On the continent there are many birds, especially hummingbirds, parrots of Ara and other bright birds.

In Savannaps and the Steppes, rodents will be treated (Tuko-Tuco, Nutria, Swamp Beaver), predators (Puma, Ocelot). Fliminy Pamppa, Magellanov Fox, Grievous Wolf is common throughout South America. And what are the most famous fauna representatives inhabit on the continent?

Puma is a major predator, a representative of the feline family. The length of the animal body is 100-200 cm. Weight - 800-100 kg. Larger Puma Only Jaguar, Leo and Tiger .

Cat's cubs are born spotted, the first year of life the stains disappear, and the animal becomes a monophonic. Milk Puma is 6 times fatty cow.

It is interesting! The polar plain is capable of developing speed up to 65 km / h, but it quickly gets tired and in case of chase, it tries to quickly climb on a tree.

Pummas adapt to any natural conditions: live in mountain, coniferous, rainforest. Their area limits only the absence of food and asylum. Pouring the Puma exclusively feeding animal origin. The pursuit of the Puma for the extraction of 82% ends with a positive result.

Cat is active and day and night. The time of wakefulness and hunt depends on hunger. An animal easily climbs on trees and rocks in finding mining, easily climes to the mountainous terrain.

And also, the pomas can purrab like domestic cats.

Jaguar - the predatory mammal of the genus Panther. Externally looks like a leopard, but it is much larger.

The main animal habitats are tropical and mountain forests, the ocean coast (there the cat finds the balls of eggs).

It is interesting! Jaguars are able to extract food in water, as well as perfectly swim and dive.

Jaguars - do not like invasion of personal space and are terrible to representatives of another feline. Therefore, the territory on one animal ranges from 25 to 50 square meters. km.

The ration of jaguars includes waterfowl, snakes, rodents, monkeys, opossums, livestock.

Important! Jaguar - an animal is non-aggressive in relation to man. He can pursue people in the forest from curiosity, not attacking. Although occasionally there are cases and attacks.

Point bear

Point bear - a predatory mammal. The only representative of bear fading in South America . Growth - 150-180 cm, weight - 70-140 kg.

Animal dwells in the mountain forests of the Slope of the Andes, on the open meadows and in Savannah.

Point bears have not fully studied, as they are on the verge of extinction. It is known that the beast does not fall into the hibernation and is a herbivore - it feeds mainly by shoots, fruits, corn crops and rhizomes.

Point bear peaceful. Maximum - hesitates on an unborn guest, and he leaves the territory.

Darwinovskaya Lisitsa

Darwinovskaya Lisitsa

У Darwinian Lisiza Fur dark gray with reddish areas on the head and face. The animal is not paired with other representatives of a kind. It is smaller in size and painted darker. His legs are shorter than the legs of continental species. The weight of the fox is 2-4 kg, which is significantly less than the weight of the South American fox, which weighs from 5 to 10 kg.

Darwinian Fox is a typical forest animal inhabiting in the southern, moderate wet jungle. Wides a single lifestyle. Active, first of all, in twilight and predestal clock. It is powered by insects, small mammals, birds, amphibians, berries and padals.

On the island of Chiloe, 200 lives, and on the continent less than 50 animals. The view is classified as extinct. The destruction of forests around the national park and dogs that transfer infections and attack foxes are the main causes of low population.

Capibara

The length of the body of an adult capibility reaches 1-1.35 m, the height in the withers - 50-60 cm. The males weigh 34-63 kg, and females - 36-65.5 kg (measurements are manufactured in Venezuelan Lianos). Females, as a rule, larger males.

This giant rodent is a fatty animal with an oblong body, covered with rigid lochmatic wool of Pöstroy brown coloring. The front paws in the capybaras are longer than the rear, massive flashes does not have a tail, and therefore she always has such a look as if she is about to sit down. She has large paws with wide webbed fingers, and claws on the front paws, short and stupid, surprisingly resemble miniature hooves. It is very highly aristocratic: its flat wide head and stupid, almost square muzzle have a complacent and patronage expression that gives her similarity with thoughtful lion. On the ground, the Capybara moves by a characteristic shocking gait or jumps a gallop to a gallop, swims in the water and dives with astounding ease and agility.

Capibara is a phlegmatic good-natured vegetarian, devoid of bright individual traits inherent in his relatives, but this deficiency is replenished with a calm and friendly temper.

Capibars - public animals living in groups of 10-20 individuals. The groups consist of a dominant male, several adult females (with their inner hierarchy), cubs and subordinate males that are on the periphery of the group. 5-10% Capybar, mainly males, live alone. The dominant male often expels from the group of self-competitors. Than dry terrain, the larger the group; In the drought around the reservoirs sometimes accumulates up to several hundred individuals. The herd capybar on average occupies an area of ​​about 10 hectares, most of the time, however, on a plot of less than 1 hectare. The site is collapsing the secretions of the nasal and anal glands; Conflicts were noted between his constant inhabitants and aliens.

It is interesting! About 300 years ago, the Catholic Church treated the capybar to the fish. Thus, a ban on the use of the capybar meat during the post was removed.

Grievous wolf - a predatory representative of the pet family. It has an unusual appearance, like more on the fox, than on the wolf. Animal disproportionate sizes of body parts: a brief torso - 120-130 cm, the legs are very long - 75-85 cm, high ears and a short tail. Wolf weight - 20-25 kg.

An animal can be found in the savannah, on grassy and shrub plains. In the diet of the beast there are food of animal and vegetable origin: small rodents, birds, reptiles, bananas, Guava.

Grivist wolves monoga: choose yourself a couple for life.

Cat Joffwru

Cat Joffwru

In size, the Cat Joffroy corresponds to a domestic cat. Its length is 60 cm, and the tail length is an additional 30 cm. The main color of the wool is gray or yellowish-brown, and the first phenotype is mainly found in the south of the area, and the second is in the north. Wool covered with small black spots. It is often observed melanism (completely black individuals).

Joffwru's cat lives in the southern part of the continent, Her Area extends from Bolivia and the south of Brazil to Patagonia. It is found exclusively east of the Andes. The preferred habitat is forests and forest-steppe.

Zhets and rodents include Zaiters and rodents. Since she often hunts on fish in the water, it is also called "cat-fisherman" in South America. In scientific terminology, this name, however, refers to another appearance (see Cat-Fisherman). The Cat Joffroa is active at night, and in the afternoon sleeping on the trees.

Mix the Cat Joffroy with a homemade cat called a safari cat. However, it is known that it is not so easy to get this mix. Cat Joffwru, who lived in the zoo of the city of Haple, killed all males of a domestic cat, which turned out to be in her cage. All attempts to get offspring from her and a homemade cat were fruitless.

The wool of this species has long been valued in the production of fur coats. However, due to the fact that Joffroy's cat was extremely rare in our time and is under a serious threat to disappearance, it was listed in the Washington Convention on Nature Protection and any trade associated with it or produced from her products today is prohibited. A year before the entry into force of this Convention, more than 5,000 individuals were received to the market, which constituted one tenth of its overall population.

Nine-wide armor

Set in forests and shrubs from Northern Argentina north to Mexico and west to the Andes. Over the past hundred years, he settled from Mexico to the south of the United States, reaching Florida, Texas, Louisiana and Oklahoma. The length of his body is 40-50 cm, the tail is from 25 to 40 cm and the body weight is about 6 kg.

Roet holes in the shores of streams and rivers are always near the trees and shrubs. Such a nora is a direct move, which sometimes leads 2-3 lazium with a diameter of 15-20 cm, up to 7 m long. The socket chamber at the end of the hole is lined with dry leaves and grass. This litter, especially after the rains, the animal often changes, throwing out the old one, so that the outbuilding leaves accumulate. On hot days, armadiole leaves Nurra only in the evening; In cool weather I look for food in the afternoon.

For the claws of the armadors, even asphalt is not a hindrance - feeling danger, they lightningly roll up the top solid coating layer of the road and quickly buried under it.

Coming out of the hole, he sniffs, holding his sharp face at the earth itself. Moving zigzags, it goes around one kilometer per hour, stopping at every step to dig a worm or an insect, which he deepes at a depth of up to 20 cm. If the battleship is pursued, he goes from the seed step on a gallop and seeks to escape in Noura, from where his Not so easy to extract. In the hole, the battleship is encouraged by the shell and paws, and it is difficult to grasp his slippery conical tail.

Ordinary enemies of the battleship - Wolf, Coyote, Puma, as well as dogs, man and cars; A lot of battleship dies at night on the roads under the wheels of the machines.

Bremenities can walk under water. They have a very low needle need and can delay their breathing for 6 minutes, keeping air in the trachea and bronchi.

The body length of the ancestors of the battleship reached 3 meters. From their shell, indigenous people of South America, Mastered roofs for huts. It turned out a peculiar durable tile.

At the foot of the Andes spread wet tropical forests. When lining the mountain, deciduous and coniferous forests are replaced by shrubs and disintegration. Here, at an altitude of 3500-5000 m above sea level, and graze Lama - mammal from the family of camel .

In appearance, Lam is a lot in common with camels. The head is petty, the ears are highly pointed, the wool of the middle length is soft-tip.

Animal tamed 4000 years ago by Indians of the Central Andes (feather peru). Used to this day for the carriage of cargo by mountainous location, where no transportation can climb .

Appeal only adult males. If the load is too heavy, Lama does not touch. When trying to punish - plot in the charter.

Nosechs

Rough is the mammal family of raccoon. Its name received from the moving trunk formed by the upper lip and elongated nose . Body length with tail - 1-1.5 m, weight - 10-11 kg.

Noses are distributed almost throughout South America. Inhabit the rainforests, deserts. The animal is successfully tamed by people, can be a pet.

Russian anthropologist Stanislav Drobyshevsky called the row "Ideal candidates for intelligence" Due to wooded lifestyle, social and developed limbs.

Alpaca - Parquet animal family of camel, domesticated 6000 years ago . Growth - up to 1 m, weight - about 70 kg.

Most of the alpaca lives in Peruvian Andes at an altitude of 4000-5000 m above sea level.

An animal has long warmeted wool (in the sides of 15-20 cm long). From her make blankets, warm clothes. The valuable material has the healing properties of sheep wool, while it is warmer into wool times.

Alpaca is inquisitive, but the buggy is afraid of touching hands. It has a peaceful temper and never spits in people - only in each other in the struggle for food.

Crocodile - reptile, refers to the detachment of water vertebrates. This is a cold-blooded animal, the body temperature of which depends on the temperature of the external environment. Of the now living representatives of flora closest relatives of the crocodile - birds .

The length of the reptile - 2-8 m.

Crocodiles live mainly in fresh reservoirs. Most of the day spend in water, only in the early morning or in the evening they go to the land "to warm up" . Crocodiles love heat, live at a temperature of 32-35 ° C. Temperature is below 20 ° C mortal to animal.

Crocodiles move with tails and are able to develop speed up to 17 km per hour.

Contrary to ideas, not all crocodiles are dangerous for a person. Some species (for example, Gavuals) never attack people.

Snake - reptiles from the detachment of scaly. In South America live Bushmaister - mortally poisonous snake, Eastern Rhombic Roddashchik , Coral Aspid , Flying Snake , Water shielding etc.

All snakes are predators. Feed spine and invertebrates. Neyovy reptiles swallowing production lively either suffer and squeeze the jaws, pressed against the ground. Poisonous - kill the victim, put in her body poison.

In search of the mining of the snake use the smell: they use a split language to collect particles of soil, air, water and transmit them to analyze the chemical composition into the oral cavity. This method allows you to detect production and determine its location.

Turtle - representative of the rejection of reptiles. It dwells in tropical and moderate climatic zones, lives in water and on land. It has a hard sheath that protects the reptile from the enemies, a solid beak for frowning food. Turtles have no teeth, but there are hard cutters on the beak. In the predatory species they are very sharp, so they serve knives for cutting production.

The size and weight of the turtle depends on the type. The largest representatives of the form are leathery turtles. The length of their shell can reach 2.5 m, the speed of the front loss is 2.5 m, the weight is up to 900 kg. The milestone is the Capskaya Cracked Turtle. Length of her body - 11 cm, weight - 240 g.

Lizards - reptiles from the rejection of reptiles. The view is common throughout the continent.

There are lizards with developed limbs and a legless. Nude very easily confused with snakes - only an experienced biologist can distinguish them.

Most lizards are predators: feed on molluscs, frogs, birds and small mammals. Sometimes they attack large animals - wild pigs, deer.

Some types of lizards are roasting (iguanovy, scintim). They eat the flesh of ripe fruit, leaves, flowers.

Video

Sources

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