Learning to emphasize the right and no longer get confused - the beginning. Online

Subject and predicate. We learn to emphasize correctly and no longer get confused. The many of you from school remembers what the main members of the sentence are. We emphasized them with one or two devils. But how to remember what the subject is one trait, and the fault is two?

Let's figure out. We write offer:

Petya reads a book.

We ask the first question:

"Who?" - Peter. How many words in question? One ("Who?") Means one will be one.

We ask the second question:

Petya "What does?" - is reading How many words in the question "What does?" 2 words, which means there will also be two!

Tell your child about this helper, and it will not be confused! I hope this note was useful for you.


The syntactic analysis should be started with the definition of the grammatical basis, that is, the subject and the facility. In this article we will talk about subject to.

What is subject to

The main member of the sentence is subject to refer to, which calls what is stated in the proposal. Very often in Russian, this is a subject of action called the legend. But not always.

Subject to be expressed not only by the registered part of speech, so it is wrong to say that the subject answers questions who? what?

The offer does not always tell about actions. It can report that something is something (Moscow is capital of Russia) or possesses some features (As the beautiful forest in the golden vacation!) . Finally, the proposal may be passive: the object and the subject can be changed in places (Teachers of our school held a conference. - The conference was carried out by teachers of our school.) It is obvious that the action was made by the teacher (no conference was conducted!), However, in the second case, the conference is. Communicative goal - to give information about it, and not about teachers. This is the main rule of determination of the subject - it stands in the nominative case.

Make a conclusion. Substant - this is not always what makes an action. This is the Communication Center of the Offer - what is said about.

Most often subject to expressed nouns in the nominative case. This is the easiest and most common case. Such suggestions are considered already in grade 3. At the same time learn about how it is emphasized to be, one feature.

Often in the position of the pronoun

  • Personal (I'm going to the movies.) ;
  • Uncertain (Somebody's knocking on the door) ;
  • Negative (No one came to Saturday) ;
  • Indicative (And he said nothing) ;
  • Definition (Everyone will agree with this) ;
  • relative (Do you know who it was?) ;
  • Questionative (Who was that?) .

The subject is often expressed by a syntactically indivisible combination (Pansies have already bloomed) , combination of quantitative numerical with noun (Two girlfriends chatted at the window) , infinitive verb (Collect brands - a fascinating occupation) .

Communication of the subject and faithful

Subject to and levy associated with bilateral (predicative) bond. This means that you can put a question from both to be sure and from the faraway to

The main members must be agreed among and, if possible, in childbirth.

Both main member, if expressed by a registered part of speech, are only in the nominative case.

How to find subject

To find the subject, it is necessary to determine what is said in the proposal. But if difficulties arise, you can first find the fague and put a question from it "Who? What?".

Sometimes there are difficulties in the demarcation of the subject and direct addition, if they are expressed by nouns, which coincide with the forms of nominative and vinitive paders.

In this case, you can guess within a sense (Mother bought fabric. - It is clear that the person bought the material, and not the opposite) . If, in meaning it is impossible to understand, it is believed that in the first place it is subject to, and then by the end of the offer - the addition, as in this example: Mother loves daughter. - This means that it is Mom who loves her daughter; Mother is subject to.

What did we know?

Subject to - one of the main members of the sentence. It calls what is stated in the sentence. Subject to be expressed by nouns, pronoun, various combinations, infinitive, etc. Subject to consistent with the legend. In suggestions where it is difficult to distinguish from the addition to be put on the first place.

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Throughout 1 to grade 11, Russian language is studied, then it continues to be learned in a variety of higher educational institutions, which shows the importance of knowledge of the language in our country. In order to be able to logically and correctly build suggestions, it is easier to formulate your thoughts, it is necessary to know the Russian language, because it is needed not only when writing essays, a diploma or passing a single state exam (USE), but also throughout life. With the emphasis of the membership members, the situation is quite easy, but you need to remember several rules.


First you need to study a number of suggestions.

  1. Subject to and legend are the main members. Supplement, circumstance, definition - secondary.
  2. Most often is nouns, answers questions - "Who?" So what?". The underscore shape is one straight line.
  3. The faithful is often a verb and answers the question "What does?". As it is emphasized, you also need to remember - two straight lines.
  4. Supplement answers questions "with whom?", "What?", Who? "," What? "," Who? "," What? "," Who? "," What? " etc. Emphasis form - dotted.
  5. Definition - for questions "Whose?", What? ". It is important to know how it is emphasized - a wavy line.
  6. The circumstance answers questions "Whose?", "Where?", "Where?", "Where?", "When?". Stress form - point with dotted line.

Subject and predicate

Parts of speech that are subject to

Substant - this is one of the main members and means an event, face, subject, phenomenon . It can be expressed in different ways:

  1. The most commonly used method of expression is the use of the nominal case of a nominal or own name of the noun.
  2. The proposal may be pronoun: negative, indefinite, questional.
  3. With the help of a relative pronoun - In the complex proposal, the pressing part can join the main one. Being subject only in the case of use in the meaning of the noun can pronounce from another discharge: index, identifying.
  4. It happens words for other independent parts of speech, which can acquire the meaning of the noun : sequence, collective or quantitative numerical, adjective, communion.
  5. Interjections in such a role are also found.
  6. With infinitive, often used as subjectable, there is no definitions, because it retains the meaning of the verb. Most often it is preceded by a faithful.
  7. This feature is often indivisible phrases. The noun, indicating the number or quantitative numerical, as the main word, and the noun in the parental case in the role of the dependent is most frequent among such combinations. The phrases with the meaning of unity, the aggregates are also often used in sentences.
  8. The role of the main member can be indivisible combinations of the naming of events, organizations, geographical names. Also, these are stable combinations representing terminological concepts, winged expressions.


This video method will help you learn to allocate the main and secondary members of the sentence.

The analysis of the memberships for members is one of the most unpleasant topics in elementary school. In this article, let's talk about how to teach the child to correctly disassemble proposals for members.

How to quickly teach a child to disassemble the offer to members

Main members sentences

We, adult, it seems that everything is quite simple. Substant - this is the name noun. The verb is a failed. And we sincerely do not understand what is the complexity.

It happens that mom says that he is engaged in a child, she suggests him, and the child can still not be found in the proposal to be. I ask how my mother suggests. She says: "Where is the noun in the sentence?".
Therefore, the child does not understand. The proposal may have several nouns names.

When we are looking for the subject, we ask the question: "What is the offer?"

And from the subject to ask the question to the lean.

Sometimes children first find the lean. As a rule, it is easier to find it. But it's not right. First you need to find the subject.

for example ,We need to disassemble the memberships Cat sleeps in a chair .

We ask the child, the commemorated in this sentence. About a cat. We ask the question to the word cat. Who! Cat. This is subject to. Emphasize one feature. Cat What does? Sleep. Sleeps - this is a lean. We emphasize two features.

How to quickly teach a child to disassemble the offer to members

The main members of the sentence, the grammatical basis of the proposal to be both faithful. How to figure it out?

Subject to and led - the main members of the sentence. Why? Because without them there will be no suggestions. Take the proposal. Cat sleeps in a chair.

If we remove all the words from the offer, except to be tamed, then the cat's offer will be offered. Is this an offer? Yes. Because it is a complete thought. It is clear to us that we are talking about a cat and that she sleeps.

If we remove from this proposal to be both faithful, it will work out "in the chair." Are these words offer? Not.

Subject to and be surely called the main members of the proposal because they contain the main idea. Without them, the suggestions will not work. Therefore, they are also called The grammatical basis of the sentence. Well, when a child understands all 3 wording and knows how to work with them.

How to explain secondary members of the sentence

If the main members of the proposal of problems to grade 3, as a rule, does not happen, then with secondary members is increasingly harder.

How to quickly teach a child to disassemble the offer to members

Nevertheless, they are not so difficult to remember. See. Definition is expressed by the name of the adjective or pronoun.

Supplement answers questions of all indirect cases. Those. Issues of all cases, except for the very nominative. If the child knows the case, he knows and add-on questions.

Thus, it remains to learn only the issues of circumstances.

Procedure Selling Offer for Members

We will analyze the members of the sentence Yellow roses bloomed in the garden .

1. The proposal speaks of roses. What? Roses. Roses - subject . Emphasize one feature.

2. Roses what did you do? Dismissed. Dismissed - the fault .We emphasize two features.

How to quickly teach a child to disassemble the offer to members

We write out phrases.

3. What are the roses? Yellow. Yellow is a definition . We emphasize the wavy line.

4. Disamed where? In the garden. In the garden, this circumstance . We emphasize the point and dotted line.

How to quickly teach a child to disassemble the offer to members
How to quickly teach a child to disassemble the offer to members

Probably, many may have a question. How to ask how to ask: blurred (where?) In the garden or blossomed (in what?) In the garden?

When you can ask two questions to the Word (the issue of supplement and the question of circumstances), the word is a circumstance. Therefore, in our offer, the word "in the garden" is a circumstance.

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